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TECHNICAL TEXTILES

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Title: TECHNICAL TEXTILES


1
TECHNICAL TEXTILES
  • GROWTH POTENTIAL AND PROSPECTS IN INDIA
  • Reliance Industries Limited

2
INTRODUCTION
  • one of the most promising and faster growing
    areas for global and indian textile industry
  • indispensible part of human life
  • encompasses immense range and diversity of raw
    materials, processes, products and applications
  • accounts for over one-quarter of all textile
    consumption in weight terms
  • plays crucial role in indian economy and
    infrastructural development

3
WHAT ARE TECHNICAL TEXTILES ?
  • technical textiles are defined as textile
    materials and products used primarily for their
    technical performance and functional properties
    rather than their aesthetic or decorative
    characteristics
  • depending on the product characteristics,
    functional requirements and end-use applications,
    these have been grouped into 12 segments

4
TWELVE SEGMENTS OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES APPLICATION
WISE
  • agrotech (agriculture, horticulture and forestry)
  • buildtech (building and construction)
  • clothtech (shoes and clothing)
  • geotech (geotextiles, civil engineering)
  • hometech (furniture, upholstery, interior
    furnishing, household textiles, floor covering)
  • indutech (filteration, cleaning and other
    industrial uses)
  • medtech (medical, healthcare and hygiene)
  • mobiltech (automobiles, shipping, railways and
    aerospace)
  • oekotech (environmental protection)
  • packtech (packaging)
  • protech (person and property protection)
  • sporttech (sport and leisure)

5
INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO
  • world market for technical textiles at 21 mn
    tonnes (us 120 bn) during 2007-08 is expected to
    increase to 26 mn tonnes (us139 bn) by 2012 with
    a cagr of 4 - 5 depending on the area of
    application
  • fibre consumption in technical textiles was 22
    of total fibres consumed in 2005
  • the drivers for future growth are expected to be
    asian countries like china and india. the growth
    in asia is expected to be 6.5 percent while it
    would be merely 2.2 percent in developed
    countries
  • sector-wise higher growth rates are for indutech,
    buildtech, medtech, geotech, packtech and
    agrotech. but protech is important in view of
    safety.

6
GLOBAL FIBRE CONSUMPTION OF TEXTILES
7
GROWTH OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES(SOURCE DRA REPORT)
2005
2010
CAGR (VOL.)
QUANTITY (mn TONNES)
19.683
23.774
3.8
VALUE (bn US)
106.899
127.287
3.4
8
CONSUMPTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES BY
REGION(SOURCE DRA REPORT)
REGION / COUNTRY
2005
2005
2010
2010
05 - 10
VOL. (mn T)
VALUE (US bn)
VOL. (mn T)
VALUE (US bn)
CAGR (VOL.)
EUROPE (WEST)
4.107
23.968
4.760
21.047
3.0
EUROPE (EAST)
0.666
4.583
0.817
5.225
4.2
AMERICA (NORTH)
4.774
23.710
5.591
27.561
3.2
AMERICA (SOUTH)
1.004
6.348
1.230
7.255
4.1
ASIA INDIA
8.091 1.573
48.401 4.905
10.156 2.075
65.156 6.774
5.0 5.8
OCEANIA
0.116
0.578
0.141
0.712
3.9
TOTAL
19.683
106.899
23.774
127.28
3.87
9
TECHNICAL TEXTILE CONSUMPTION BY REGION
10
SECTOR WISE MARKET SIZE OF TECHNICAL
TEXTILES(SOURCE DRA REPORT) VOLUME 000 T
VALUE US mn
SECTOR
2005
2005
2010
2010
CAGR
CAGR
VOLUME
VALUE
VOLUME
VALUE
VOLUME
VALUE
AGROTECH
1615
6568
1958
8079
3.55
3.84
BUILDTECH
2033
7296
2591
9325
4.63
4.73
CLOTHTECH
1413
7014
1656
8306
2.95
3.19
GEOTECH
319
927
413
1203
4.94
4.98
HOMETECH
2499
7622
2853
8778
2.70
2.66
INDUTECH
2624
16687
3257
21528
3.98
4.85
MEDTECH
1928
6670
2380
8238
4.43
4.33
MOBILTECH
2828
26861
3338
29282
3.02
1.34
PACKTECH
2990
5329
3606
6630
3.52
4.20
PROTECH
279
5873
340
6857
3.63
2.82
SPORTTECH
1153
16052
1382
19062
3.40
3.21
OEKOTECH
287
1039
400
1389
6.45
5.67
TOTAL
19681
106899
23774
127288
3.59
3.80
11
GLOBAL END USE OF FABRIC
12
FIBRE CONSUMPTION IN TECHNICAL TEXTILES(SOURCE
DRA REPORT) VOLUME 000 TONNES
FIBRE TYPE
2000
2005
2010
CAGR
NATURAL
3462
3839
4447
2.54
MAN-MADE/ INORGANIC
13252
15843
19327
3.85
TOTAL
16714
19682
23774
3.59
13
FIBRE-WISE CONSUMPTION
  • POLYESTER -
    25
  • POLYOLEFINS - 25
  • GLASS
    - 15
  • JUTE, COIR, ETC. - 14
  • COTTON
    - 7
  • VISCOSE
    - 3
  • OTHER CELLULOSICS - 3
  • POLYAMIDE -
    7
  • ARAMID AND CARBON FIBRES - 1

14
GLOBAL FIBRE-WISE CONSUMPTION IN TECHNICAL
TEXTILES
15
TYPES OF FIBRES USED IN TECHNICAL TEXTILES
16
FIBRE CONSUMPTION IN TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN INDIA
17
PRODUCT WISE CONSUMPTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES
  • fabric - 67
  • unspun fibres - 24
  • yarns - 09
  • fibre products include fibre reinforced concrete
    and composites, cushioning, fillings, insulation
    sports equipments, toys
  • yarn products include sutures, ropes, fishing
    gears, shoe laces, swings
  • fabrics can be woven, knitted and non-woven and
    cover all sectors of technical textiles

18
PRODUCT WISE CONSUMPTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES
19
INDIAN SCENARIO GENERAL VIEW
  • INDIGENOUS PRODUCTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IS
    LIMITED AND SCATTERED MAINLY IN SMALL MEDIUM
    SECTORS
  • THE DEMAND FOR MANY ITEMS IS MET THROUGH IMPORTS
    e.g. DEFENCE AND POLICE
  • LARGE UNTAPPED POTENTIAL EXISTS FOR POTENTIAL
    INVESTORS
  • SOME OF THE PRODUCTS CAN BE PRODUCED BY MINOR
    ALTERATION IN EXISTING SET UP

20
INDIAN SCENARIO GENERAL VIEW
  • in many developed countries (e.g. usa and japan)
    technical textiles account for over 35 percent of
    the textile industrys output as against 19 for
    china and 5 for india
  • primarily active in the clothtech, packtech and
    sporttech sectors
  • limited to commodity products
  • very little presence in high tech segments
  • there is a general perception that technical
    textiles are predominantly produced in large
    scale sector but it is true only to limited extent

21
INDIAN SCENARIO GENERAL VIEW
  • indigenous production and value for money
    pricing concept will explode the market
  • India, the fourth largest economy in terms of
    purchasing power parity (ppp) (after usa, china
    japan) is a growing market of one billion plus
    people, of which 300 million people are middle
    class consumers
  • the consumption of disposable segment of
    technical textiles is directly related to the
    disposable income
  • considering the above, over all growth of
    technical textiles is estimated at 14 percent per
    annum with appropriate policy regime and
    accordingly the market size for technical
    textiles will increase from rs. 37100 crores in
    2007-08 to rs. 62420 crores in 2012-13 (icra
    study) at a cagr of 11

22
INDIAN SCENARIO GENERAL VIEW
  • the value addition in technical textiles is
    steadily shifting from raw materials and
    intermediate products to downstream industries
    where india has a strong base
  • low cost skilled labour is highly competitive as
    compared to developed countries
  • decentralised sectors contribution in technical
    textiles is significant for their growth in
    india
  • indian textile industry is fundamentally strong
    which can be useful in commodity markets of
    technical textiles through cost competitive
    structure
  • in the high niche market, india has advantage of
    network of rd institutions for developing new
    technologies

23
INDIAN SCENARIO - CONSTRAINTS
  • dominance of decentralised sector inadequate
    resources and finance
  • absence of regulatory legislation
  • absence of required standards on quality of
    products and codes of practices
  • deterrants for entrepreneurs
  • doubt about future market potential of technical
    textiles in view of absence of regulation and
    needed consumtion
  • huge capital costs involved for machinery, raw
    materials and equipment
  • sustained promotional efforts and substantial
    investment needed for market development
  • limited experience in production and use of
    technical textiles
  • outdated existing regulatory mechanism

24
INDIAN SCENARIO - CONSTRAINTS
  • lack of basic infrastructure, skilled manpower,
    testing facilities, training educational
    facilities
  • negligible investment in rd on technical
    textiles
  • lack of comprehensive database on technical
    textiles
  • lack of awareness and benefits of using technical
    textiles among users
  • hesitation in accepting world proven cost
    effective technologies
  • poor understanding of product properties in
    regard to its constructability, durability,
    structural integrity, functional utility, fibre
    composition and its installation and handling

25
REASONS FOR LOW CONSUMPTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES
IN INDIA
  • import intensive nature making their cost
    prohibitive
  • no quality benchmark for technology for technical
    textiles
  • non-availability of main raw materials i.e.
    specialty fibres at competitive and affordable
    prices
  • limited demand in view of absence of required
    standards and regulations
  • lack of awareness of benefits of using technical
    textiles
  • little emphasis on health, safety and
    environmental aspects
  • hesitation in adopting latest world proven
    efficient and cost effective technologies
  • little understanding among users about the type
    of product and its properties regarding
    constructability, durability, structural
    integrity, survivability and functional utility

26
ESTIMATED MARKET SIZE OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN
INDIA (2007-12) Source Technology Mission
Report Rs. Crores
Sl. No.
TT SECTOR
NO LAW (2006-07)
NO LAW AT CAGR
NO LAW (2011-12)
WITH LAW AT CAGR
WITH LAW(2011-12)
1
AGROTECH
417.77
8
613.84
8
613.84
2
BUILDTECH
1415.43
15
2846.94
15
2846.94
3
CLOTHTECH
7988.73
12
14078.87
12
14078.87
4
GEOTECH
1688.91
15
3397.00
68.98
23269.28
5
HOMETECH
1628.74
16
3420.91
16
3420.91
6
INDUTECH
1253.35
12
2208.83
12
2208.83
7
MOBILTECH
1613.53
15
3245.39
15
3245.39
8
MEDTECH
1280.32
12
2256.36
20
3185.85
9
OEKOTECH
69.91
12
123.21
68.17
940.33
10
PACKTECH
5785.93
20
14397.25
20
14397.25
11
PROTECH
1027.11
17
2251.89
25.45
3191.32
12
SPORTTECH
1906.36
12
3359.66
12
3359.66
TOTAL
26076.09
14.94
52200.13
24.57
74758.46
27
INITIATIVES OF GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
  • textile policy of government of india recognised
    growth prospects of technical textiles and
    accords priority for their development
  • constitution of expert committee on technical
    textiles (ectt)
  • setting up of a steering committee on growth and
    development of technical textiles (scgdtt)
  • government launched technology mission on
    technical textiles in the xi th five year plan to
    identify major constraints for improving their
    production and consumption in india
  • baseline survey on technical textiles was
    conducted

28
INITIATIVES OF GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
  • identified agrotech, protech, geotech buildtech
    and medtech as key areas for growth and
    development in india
  • coverage of technical textiles under technology
    upgradation fund scheme (tufs)
  • setting up of 12 excellence centres (ecs) for
    technical textiles already started ecs for
    geotech buildtech agrotech medtech and
    protech
  • de-reservation of sanitary napkins / baby diapers
  • basic custom duty for major machineries on
    technical textiles reduced from 10 to 5
  • 10 capital subsidy for new projects
  • 5 interest subsidy on loans under tufs
  • 14 special economic zones to attract fdi and duty
    free imports and domestic procurement for 100
    exports
  • gujarat state is providing 10 investment
    subsidy on technical textile projects

29
STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN
INDIA
  • application areas
  • identification of application areas having strong
    potential in the domestic market i.e geotech
    (including buildtech), medtech, agrotech, protech
    and mobiltech
  • initial selection of products for which technical
    know-how, production facilities and raw materials
    already exist
  • indigenization of value added products of
    relatively easier technology capable of quick
    assimilation
  • development of technical textiles in high tech
    applications of aerospace, defence, etc. with
    public/private initiatives, joint ventures with
    mncs
  • urgent quality standards for identified products
    and their installation

30
STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN
INDIA
  • raw material
  • use of indegeneously available fibres and import
    of high performance fibres
  • fibres (natural or man-made) use based on
    durability, survivability and integrity
    requirements considering health, safety and
    environmental impacts
  • providing fiscal incentives to specialty fibres
    to make them cost competitive and easilt
    affordable
  • amending existing regulation (drugs cosmetics
    act) to cover newly developed manmade fibre
    products e.g. antimicrobial fibres, super
    absorbant fibres, non toxic/non allergic fibres,
    breathable fibres, antistatic fibres, etc.

31
STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN
INDIA
  • THRUST NEEDED FOR SPECIALTY FIBRES
  • NEED FOR LONG LASTING PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES
  • COMPATIBILITY, DURABILITY, STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY
    AND SURVIVABILITY
  • UNIFORMITY OF PROPERTIES IN ALL DIRECTIONS
  • THE STANDARDS NORMALLY COVER LONG TERM DURABILITY
    WHICH IS NOT PROVIDED BY OTHER FIBRES
  • AS PER STANDARDS, THE PERFORMANCE AND FUNCTIONAL
    CHARACTERISTICS MUST BE CONTROLLED WITHIN NARROW
    LIMITS (AVERAGE VALUE 2 X STANDARD DEVIATION)
    TO HAVE UNIFORMITY IN ALL DIRECTIONS TO PREVENT
    THEIR FUNCTIONAL FAILURE

32
STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN
INDIA
  • manufacturing facilities
  • re-orientation of production facilities and
    training of manpower
  • products which can be manufactured on existing
    machinery be identified and marketing efforts be
    made
  • incentives for state of the art machinery for
    high potential high tech products
  • developing proper product-mix
  • capacity building of raw materials, machinery,
    infrastructure and production

33
STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN
INDIA
  • rd and quality assurance
  • investment in rd and quality management as well
    as product development needed
  • latest world class testing facilities needed
  • national standards at par with international
    developments needed on urgent basis especially
    for specifications of products and codes of
    practices for installation, use and maintenance
    of technical textile products
  • certification and accreditation of testing
    facilities and production as per international
    standards

34
STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN
INDIA
  • domestic and export market development of
    technical textiles
  • regulatory framework in the interest of
    environment, health and safety
  • assistance for international / national
    exhibitions, fairs, seminars, etc.
  • incentives for certification / accreditation to
    international standards
  • incentives for substitution of traditional
    textiles by technical textiles
  • mandatory use of geotech, buildtech medtech for
    health, safety, environment and efficient
    utilisation of public funds
  • mandatory use of fr textiles in public places,
    buildings, uniform fabrics, etc.

35
STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN
INDIA
  • in case of geotech / buildtech projects, the
    approval and implementation should include design
    parameters also and the priciple used should be
    f dbo--t
  • finance
  • design
  • build
  • operate
  • transfer
  • fiscal measures such as reduction of
    excise/custom duty/sales tax/service tax

36
STANDARDIZATION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES
  • considerable reduction of cost of projects
    (materials, design, installation and evaluation)
  • minimum subsequent repairs / maintenance
  • prevention of environmental pollution leading to
    sustainable development
  • most efficient utilization of resources
  • better designs and longer project service life
  • increased safety of life and property
  • alternate and best technological applications for
    a specific end use

37
PRODUCTS /AREAS FOR STANDARDIZATION
  • geotech
  • geotextiles and geogrids for reinforcement of
    base and subbase in pavement structures
  • geotextiles for subsurface drainage, subgrade
    separation and stabilisation, protection
    (cushioning), permanent erosion control, pavement
    overlays, slope protection and silt fence
    geotextiles for sediment control
  • geosynthetic clay liners
  • gabions for prevention of soil erosion
  • geogrids for mse systems
  • geosynthetic mats
  • geonets and geocomposites for waste containment
  • geocomposites / geocells / geomembranes /
    geofoams
  • prefabricated geosynthetic edge and vertical
    drains
  • geosynthetics for waste containment

38
PRODUCTS /AREAS FOR STANDARDIZATION
  • BUILDTECH
  • geo-membranes for waterproofing of roofs
  • controlled permeability textiles for concrete
    formwork lining
  • fibers for reinforceed concrete
  • synthetic fibre insulation blanket
  • reflective vapour breathable textile substrate as
    radiant barrier in building envelope
  • house wraps
  • vapor breathable textile substrate as mineral
    wool insulation facing for buildings
  • technical textiles as honeycombs for landscaping
  • architectural fabric/ tensile structures
    (temporary and permanent)
  • hoardings for buildings

39
PRODUCTS /AREAS FOR STANDARDIZATION
  • protect
  • bullet proof fabric/jacket
  • protective clothing for agricultural workers
  • protective clothing for mechanical /chemical /
    nuclear / biological protection
  • hi-visibility / high altitude warning clothing
  • protective clothing for dust protection
  • protective clothing for acoustic protection
  • protective clothing for biological protection
  • protective clothing for electric arc welding
  • fire retardant upholstery, curtains, bednets,
    beddings, uniform fabrics, bed linens, etc.

40
PRODUCTS /AREAS FOR STANDARDIZATION
  • Agrotech
  • crop covers
  • greenhouse covers
  • row covers
  • poly-house films/membranes
  • shade-nets
  • mulch mats
  • baler twines
  • polyester/pp/hdpe nets for fishing
  • waterproof lining

41
PRODUCTS /AREAS FOR STANDARDIZATION
  • Meditech
  • extracorporeal devices
  • artificial kidney, liver, lung, heart pacer
  • non-implantable textile materials
  • absorbent pad, bandages, compression bandages,
    plasters, absorbent gauges, lint and wadding
  • implantable textile materials
  • tendons, ligaments, cartilage, skin, contact
    lenses, cornea, joints, vascular grafts, heart
    valves
  • healthcare and hygiene products
  • surgical gowns, caps, gloves , masks surgical
    covers drapes, aprons beddings (blankets,
    sheets, pillow covers) clothing (uniform)
    incontinence/baby/adult diapers cloth wiper,
    surgical hosiery, sanitary napkins, medical
    mattress, sterilization wraps, head and shoe
    covers, panty shield, wadding wipes

42
PRODUCTS /AREAS FOR STANDARDIZATION
  • other technical textiles
  • hometech (fiberfill, blinds, stuffed toys, carpet
    backing fabric)
  • mobiltech (seat belts, exhaust filters, airbags,
    tyre cord fabric, seat cover, headliners,
    insulation felts, interior carpets)
  • packtech (flexible intermediate bulk containers,
    soft luggage products, sackings)
  • indutech (synthetic tarpaulins, awnings, tents,
    conveyor belts, hoses, ropes, cordages, drive
    belts, webbings, slings, tapes, computer ribbons,
    battery separators, industrial filters)
  • sporttech (sports nets, sports footwear, sports
    composites, sleeping bags, artificial turfs,
    ballooning fabric, parachute fabric)
  • clothtech (sewing threads, interlinings, zip
    fasteners, tapes, velcro)
  • oekotech (environmental control-bags/filters,
    municipal wates geosynthetics)

43
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