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3 Ways of Thought

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3 Ways of Thought Medieval China Answer the following as if you are Laozi What is the only way for Modern America to live peacefully? By living simply, in harmony ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 3 Ways of Thought


1
3 Ways of Thought
  • Medieval China

2
  • Confucianism

3
Confucius (Kung Fu-Tzu)(551-479 BC)
Family name Kung (Kong) Personal name
Zhong-ni Kung Fu-Tzu (Kong Fu-zi) Master
Kung Confucius Latinization of Kung
Fu-Tzu
4
Anthem
Confucius was born here and lived during the
Zhou dynasty.
5
Confucianism originated in China, but its
influence spread to Korea Japan over the
centuries.
6
2.Confucianism
  • He developed a philosophy for life and government
    based on respect and hard work!

7
Confucianism
  • Focused on proper conduct, respect for elders,
    education, and hard work
  • Confucius taught that life would be harmonious if
    everyone was loyal, courteous, honest, and
    faithful
  • Children show absolute respect for authority
  • Rulers need to live by strong virtues and set a
    good example for society to be harmonious

8
5 RelationshipsHe said that people would be
harmonious if they were obedient, loyal and
honest in the following 5 relationships
9
5 Relationships
  • Ruler and subject
  • Parent and Child (filial piety)
  • Husband and Wife
  • Sibling and Sibling (Brother and sister)
  • Friend and Friend
  • Example
  • Harmony in family Child showing absolute respect
    to elders
  • If the ruler lived according to good morals then
    people would follow his or her examplestable
    society

10
  • filial piety basically describes the correct way
    to act towards one's parents. Filial piety
    consists of several factors the main ideas
    include loving one's parents, being respectful,
    polite, considerate, loyal, helpful, dutiful, and
    obedient.

11
Confucianism stressed the importance of education
12
Civil servants writing essays for China's
emperor. Difficult exams were designed to make
sure that government officials were chosen by
abilitynot by wealth or family connections.
13
Confucianism- During Song Dynasty
  • Civil servicemeans service as a government
    official.
  • Civil Service Exams
  • Students must memorize entire Confucian text
  • Students might study for more than 20 years!!
  • Some exams last more than 72 hours and students
    were locked in private rooms.
  • To prevent students from cheating, exam halls
    were often locked and guarded.
  • If you passedYou became a scholar official, A
    respected member of the government.

14
  • Scholar-Officials
  • Typical responsibilities might include running
    government offices maintaining roads, irrigation
    systems, and other public works updating and
    maintaining official records or collecting taxes.

15
Answer the following as if you are Confucius
  • What are you known for and what is your original
    name?
  • How can one achieve harmony with in a family?
  • .My name is Confucius. My original name
    is________. I am known for a philosophy called
    Confucianism which is based on respect and hard
    work. One can achieve harmony within a family
    by_________.

16
16.Buddhism
  • Based on teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
    (enlightened one) from India in 563-483 B.C..
  • Brought to China about A.D. 200 by Monks and
    traders who traveled the Silk Road from India
  • Buddhism was welcomed in Sui Dynasty as a way to
    escape suffering from earlier disunion

17
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Slide 17
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20
Buddhism
  • Based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama,
    later known as the Buddha
  • Buddha means enlightened one
  • Guatama lived in India from 563-483 B.C.?
  • Buddhism started in India and was brought to
    China by Buddhist monks traveling along the Silk
    Road?
  • Teachings are based on the Four Noble Truths

21
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19. The Four Noble Truths
  • 1.All life is suffering and pain
  • 2. Pain is caused by desire for wealth, fame,
    pleasure and power
  • 3. To end pain, one must overcome desire
  • 4. To overcome desire, have virtue and have
    compassion for living things

23
The Middle Way
  • The Middle Way teaches compassion for all living
    things, which leads to calmness and purity of
    mind?
  • Reincarnation when a person dies, the soul is
    reborn in a new body
  • Nirvana First goal in life is to attain
    nirvana, the state of having no desires. When one
    attains nirvana, he or she breaks the cycle of
    birth and death and no longer is reincarnated
    into a life of suffering

24
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26
Questions for The Buddha
  • Answer the following as if you were the Buddha
  • What is your original name,where are you from and
    how old were you when you died?
  • My name was Siddhartha Gautama and I lived in
    India until I was eighty years old
  • What does the Buddha mean?
  • Enlightened one

27
Taoism
28
Taoism
  • Based on the teaching of Laozi?
  • Humans should see themselves a part of nature?
  • Change is part of everything
  • People should live a simple life in harmony with
    nature?
  • Harmony comes from balancing opposite forces of
    nature, called yin and yang
  • Daoists do not believe in strong government
  • Happiness is achieved by thinking about nature
    and leading a balanced life in tune with
    naturenot by following societal rules and laws

29
13. Taoism Its Naturally Simple
  • He believed that humans should LIVE SIMPLY and in
    harmony with nature.
  • Do not seek power or fame.

30
Yin and Yang
Slide 15
  • Are a balance of nature that live in harmony
    together
  • for example Yang represents heat while Yin
    represents cold

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36
Answer the following as if you are Laozi
  • What is the only way for Modern America to live
    peacefully?
  • By living simply, in harmony with nature, by
    living green in a self sustainable economy.
  • What is the main cause of our economic crisis?
  • America has strived for fame and power which will
    lead to the downfall of any economy

37
Who are we?
38
  • Who said it?

39
Like a spider caught in its own web is a person
driven by fierce cravings. Break out of the web,
and turn away from the world of sensory pleasure
and sorrow.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi?

40
If a ruler himself is upright (honest), all will
go well without orders. But if he himself is not
upright, even though he gives orders they will
not be obeyed.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi?

41
Highest good is like water. Because water
excels in benefiting the myriad creatures without
contending with them and settles where none would
like to be, it comes close to the Way.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi?

42
The mind is flighty, and hard to grasp the mind
pursues all it desires. To tame the mind is
great goodness. Subdue the mind and know
tranquility.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi? Explain using details.

43
The more laws and edicts (official rules) are
imposed, the more thieves and bandits there will
be.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi?

44
Be respectful at home, serious at work, faithful
in human relations. Even if you go to
uncivilized areas, these virtues (good qualities)
are not to be abandoned.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi?

45
Seeing that our body, with hair and skin, is
derived from our parents, we should not allow it
to be injured in any way. This is the beginning
of filial respect. We develop our own character
and practice the way so as to perpetuate our name
for future generations, and to bring honor to our
parents.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi?

46
Life is a journey, death is a return to the
earth, the universe is like an inn, the passing
years are like dust.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi?

47
The sage, because he does nothing, never ruins
anything and, because he does not lay hold of
anything, loses nothing.
  • In your own words, what is the meaning of this
    statement?
  • Who do you think said it?....the Buddha,
    Confucius, or Laozi?
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