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Causes of the Renaissance

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Does Machiavelli seem to have faith in human nature? Why or why not? 9. ... 11. Explain the delicate balance described in the last sentence. 12. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of the Renaissance


1
Renaissance
  • Causes of the Renaissance

2
Stinger
How does the painting at the right, by Raphael in
Renaissance Italy, represent the rebirth of Greek
learning?
3
  • The parenthetical names are the contemporary
    characters from whom Raphael is thought to have
    drawn his likenesses.
  • 1 Zeno of Citium 2 Epicurus Possibly, the image
    of two philosophers, who were typically shown in
    pairs during the Renaissance Heraclitus, the
    "weeping" philosopher, and Democritus, the
    "laughing" philosopher. 3 unknown (believed to
    be Raphael)14 4 Boethius or Anaximander or
    Empedocles? 5 Averroes 6 Pythagoras 7
    Alcibiades or Alexander the Great? 8 Antisthenes
    or Xenophon or Timon? 9 Raphael,141516
    Fornarina as a personification of Love17 or
    Francesco Maria della Rovere? 10 Aeschines or
    Xenophon? 11 Parmenides? (Leonardo da Vinci) 12
    Socrates 13 Heraclitus (Michelangelo) 14 Plato
    (Leonardo da Vinci) 15 Aristotle (Giuliano da
    Sangallo) 16 Diogenes of Sinope 17 Plotinus
    (Donatello?) 18 Euclid or Archimedes with
    students (Bramante?) 19 Strabo or Zoroaster?
    (Baldassare Castiglione) 20 Ptolemy? R Apelles
    (Raphael) 21 Protogenes (Il Sodoma, Perugino, or
    Timoteo Viti)18

4
What is the Renaissance?
  • Rebirth
  • Explosion of New Ideas Learning

5
  • Rebirth
  • Explosion of New Ideas Learning
  • Rediscovery of Classical Greek Roman Culture
  • Humanismworth of Individual
  • Secularismworldly not religious

6
Causes of the Italian Renaissance
  • Crusades
  • Control of Mediterranean Trade

7
  • Crusades
  • Control of Mediterranean Trade
  • Sophistication of Italian City-States
  • Growth of Banking Trade

8
  • Crusades
  • Control of Mediterranean Trade
  • Sophistication of Italian City-States
  • Growth of Banking Trade
  • Excess Wealth de Medici family of Florence
  • Printing Press

9
Italian v. Northern Renaissance
  • Italy
  • North

10
Italian
  • Italy
  • Rome, Florence, Venice
  • Mediterranean Trade
  • De Medici
  • Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael

11
Italian v. Northern Renaissance
  • North
  • Amsterdam, Antwerp, London
  • Rhine Thames Rivers
  • Jacob Fugger
  • Jan Van Eyck, Brueghel

12
Italian v. Northern Renaissance
  • Italy
  • Rome, Florence, Venice
  • Mediterranean Trade
  • De Medici
  • Michaelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael
  • North
  • Amsterdam, Antwerp, London
  • Rhine Thames Rivers
  • Jacob Fugger
  • Jan Van Eyck, Brueghel

13
Renaissance
  • Political Intrigue

14
Machiavellian Intrigue
  • Wrote The Prince
  • studied the politics of Florence, Venice Rome
  • analyzed use of power, force, Deception
  • How to book for future leaders
  • Including...

Niccolo Machiavelli
15
De Medici Family of Florence
  • Cosimo Lorenzo
  • city improvements
  • patron of the arts
  • peace prosperity

vs.
  • Franciscan Friar
  • banned gambling, swearing, etc.
  • burned books paintings

Savonarola
16
The Borgia First Italian Crime Family
  • Pope Alexander VI
  • bribery, extortion, nepotism, torture
  • Casare Borgia (son)
  • multiple murders, mercenary
  • Lucrezia Borgia (daughter)
  • incest?
  • What really happened to her husbands?

17
Renaissance
  • Effects of the Renaissance

18
Renaissance Art
  • perspective
  • light motion
  • study of human form
  • emotion drama
  • new subject mattergtsecularism
  • science mathematics
  • composition balance
  • changing perspective of man his role in the
    world
  • unique vision of each artist

19
Effects of the Renaissance
  • Advances in Science Technology led to the
    European Exploration of the World
  • Secularism led to the Protestant Reformation
  • Humanism encouraged the growth of Democracy the
    Fight for Human Rights
  • Role of Women in Society Improved
  • Renaissance Art led to the Age of Classical Music
    and Art in Europe

20
(No Transcript)
21
Questions for Machiavelli Excerpt
  • 1. According to Machiavelli, what should a prince
    be an expert at?
  • 2. If a prince has the skills from 1, what will
    it guarantee him?
  • 3. What does it mean to think more of ease?
  • 4. Explain this statement how one lives is so
    far distant from how one ought to live.
  • 5. What does a prince need to know how to do and
    when to use it?
  • 6. Why cant a person entirely possess all the
    characteristics of good?
  • 7. Explain your opinion on this question with
    reasons whether it is better to be loved than
    feared or
  • feared than loved?
  • 8. Does Machiavelli seem to have faith in human
    nature? Why or why not?
  • 9. What is Machiavellis position on 7?
  • 10. Why is love not a strong enough bond for
    loyalty according to Machiavelli?
  • 11. Explain the delicate balance described in the
    last sentence.
  • 12. Do you believe this 16th century document is
    still relevant in politics today? Why or why not?
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