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Title:

Living without Electricity

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Living without Electricity Written by: Janie Harris, M.Ed., CRS Housing and Environment Specialist Modified by: Vincent Mannino, County Extension Director – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 23 September 2019
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Title: Living without Electricity


1
Living without Electricity
Written by Janie Harris, M.Ed., CRS Housing and
Environment Specialist Modified by Vincent
Mannino, County Extension Director
2
Its Going to Happen
  • A sudden ice storm
  • Tornado
  • Hurricane
  • Severe thunderstorm
  • Tree falling on your own personal segment of the
    grid
  • Man-made
  • Faulty power company equipment
  • Accident-related

3
Effect is the Same
  • Everything electrical in your home or business
    stops working
  • Unknown when it will come back on
  • May be off for minutes
  • May be off for hours
  • May be off for days

4
Loss of Power Loss of Normalcy
  • Cooking meals
  • Lighting after dark
  • Keeping warm or cool
  • Information
  • Water supply
  • Septic system or sewage

5
What Can You Do If the Power Goes Off?
  • Learn now what you can do to mitigate your
    difficulties
  • Learn what you can do to keep your situation
    under control
  • Dont depend on utility companies to help
    immediately

6
Five Areas Critical to Daily Survival
  • Light
  • Water
  • Cooking
  • Heating/Cooling
  • Communication
  • Septic system for some
  • Reference Backwoods Home Magazine, Anita
    Evangelista

7
Light
  • Flashlight
  • One for each family member
  • Three extra sets of batteries for each flashlight
    (all same size, if possible)
  • Store where you can reach it easily
    in the dark
  • Consider rechargeable batteries
  • DC-powered rechargers or solar rechargers

8
Light
  • Lantern
  • Better for groups
  • Three extra sets of batteries for each lantern
    (all same size, if possible)
  • Store where you can reach it easily in the dark
  • Consider rechargeable batteries
  • DC-powered rechargers or solar rechargers

9
Light (continued)
  • Candles
  • Oil (kerosene) lamps
  • Solar-powered lamps
  • crank-generated power lamps

10
Water
  • Public water supply
  • Electrically powered home water pump
  • Store water now
  • Bottled water
  • Rainwater harvesting system
  • Other sources of water in home
  • Determine your household water
    needs IN ADVANCE

1 gallon per person per day
11
Cooking
  • Grilling or barbecuing
  • Charcoals
  • Wood
  • Matches
  • Propane bottles for grill
  • Campfire cooking
  • Propane/butane camp stoves
  • Solar cooking

12
Food Safety During Power Outages
  • Use food in the refrigerator first.
  • Freezer second
  • - make a list of foods in the freezer to reduce
    of times the freezer door is opened
  • Emergency food supplies third

13
Word About Refrigerators/Freezers
  • One person is in-charge of
  • Opening refrigerators/freezers
  • Removing food
  • Deciding what foods to eat/prepare
  • Storing left-overs

Try Me!
14
Keeping Foods Cool
  • Ice Chests not all the same
  • Buried old broken freezer or refrigerator
  • Kerosene refrigerator/freezer
  • Portable battery-powered refrigerators
  • Refrigerator that runs off DC and AC power that
    can be plugged into your car battery through the
    cigarette lighter outlet or into a solar power
    system

15
Keeping Foods Cool
  • Not all foods need to be refrigerated
  • Refrigerate meats, dairy products, and leftovers

16
Keeping Foods Cool
  • Keep Frozen Food Safe
  • Keep an appliance thermometer in the freezer.
  • temperature for a deep freezer is 0o F
  • Store meat/poultry on lowest shelves.
  • Food in the freezer should stay frozen for 1-2
    days depending on how full it is.
  • Keep a list of foods inside freezer and
    refrigerator to keep from opening it too often
  • One person should be in-charge of taking food out
    of the freezer or refrigerator

17
Keeping Foods Cool
  • Keep Frozen Food Safe
  • If thawed, many frozen foods can be refrozen IF
    ice crystals are present.
  • If food is thawed but freezer temperature stays
    at 40 or below, the food should be safe to eat.
  • If frozen foods have thawed and been at 40?F or
    warmer for 2 or more hours, some will need to be
    thrown out.

18
Foods that do not need refrigeration
  • Grated Parmesan or Romano cheese (in a can or
    jar)
  • Butter and margarine that is wrapped or in a
    covered container
  • Raw fruits and vegetables (that have not been cut
    up)
  • Peanut butter, jelly,
  • relish, taco sauce,
  • mustard, catsup, olives and pickles
  • Worcestershire, soy and barbeque sauces

19
Foods that do not need refrigeration
  • Vinegar-based dressings
  • Dried and candied fruits and dates
  • Hard cheese (Cheddar, Colby, Swiss, Parmesan, and
    Romano)
  • Processed cheese
  • Bread, rolls, cakes, muffins, quick breads and
    tortillas
  • Waffles, pancakes and bagels
  • Fruit pies
  • Fresh mushrooms, herbs and spices

20
Keeping Foods Cool
  • Pot-in-Pot method to cool fresh produce (use 2
    unglazed clay pots, identical shape, one larger
    than the other) (plug holes in bottom)

21
Food Safety
  • A fact sheet and PowerPoint presentation
    developed by Dr. Jenna Anding, Nutrition
    Specialist, focuses on
  • Importance of food safety
  • Handling food and water safely after a disaster
  • Keeping food safe when to keep it and when to
    throw it out after a disaster
  • http//texashelp.tamu.edu

22
Heating
  • Wood-burning fireplace
  • Wood stove
  • Propane heaters
  • Kerosene heaters
  • Solar heat

23
Cooling a Residence
  • Battery-powered fans
  • Solar-powered fans
  • Open windows (screens needed)
  • Shades over outside of windows and doors where
    sun rays hit
  • Hang a wet sheet over an open window, and let the
    wind blow through it

24
Communications
  • Battery-powered radio
  • Batteries or radio plugged into car battery
    through the cigarette lighter
  • Battery-powered TV (must be digital )
  • Phone plugged directly into the phone jack
  • Shortwave radio
  • Satellite Internet hookup that uses a
    battery-powered laptop
  • Citizens band radios (CB)
  • Short range FM-band devices

25
Keeping Things Normal
  • Keep routines as close to normal as possible
  • Do the same things you do when the power is on
  • Practice living without electricity
  • Try campouts,
  • Outdoor cooking

26
Practice, practice, practice!
27
Do What Survivalist Do?
  • Practice no television, radio or computer one day
    per month
  • Cook entire meals outdoors once every two weeks
  • Learn to use a Dutch oven outdoors

28
Do What Survivalist Do?
  • Camp in the backyard on day per month or local
    campground
  • Learn home food preservation
  • Plant a garden or an edible landscape

29
Do What Survivalist Do?
  • Preparing for an emergency
  • Assemble your disaster supplies kit
  • Pack enough supplies so you can take care of
    yourself and your family without any outside help
    for AT LEAST 3 days
  • Kit contents will depend on
  • Size of the family
  • Special needs

30
Do What Survivalist Do?
  • What is in a Disaster Supply Kit?
  • Food Water (3-day supply)
  • Utensils
  • Clean air items (masks, plastic sheeting)
  • In case of chemical explosion
  • Extra clothing
  • First aid kit
  • Emergency items (e.g. battery operated radio,
    flashlights, batteries, garbage bags, baby wipes,
    toilet paper)
  • Special needs items (diapers, medications, etc)

31
Do What Survivalist Do?
Foods to include in a disaster kit
  • Protein bars Ready-to-eat cereals
  • Fruit bars Smoked/dried meat
  • Granola bars Canned soups/stews
  • Formula/baby food Foods for medical cond.
  • Dried /or canned fruit Multi-vitamins
  • Nuts/peanut butter Comfort foods
  • Crackers
  • Canned juices
  • Canned meats (tuna, chix, beef)
  • Meals ready to eat (MREs)
  • Shelf-stable milk

32
Do What Survivalist Do?
  • Storing your emergency supplies
  • Pack in air-tight containers or heavy duty
    plastic bags to keep moisture and insects out.
  • Watch best if used by and/or expiration dates.
  • Rotate food supplies
  • If flooding is a concern, store off the floor.

33
Questions ???
Resources
http//texashelp.tamu.edu
http//www.backwoodshome.com/articles2/evangelista
73.html http//www.fema.gov/
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