Biology Interdependence of Living Things Vocabulary Review NYS S4C - LE 1.1, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Biology Interdependence of Living Things Vocabulary Review NYS S4C - LE 1.1, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3

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Biology Interdependence of Living Things Vocabulary Review NYS S4C - LE 1.1, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3 Living things are both similar to and different from each other and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Biology Interdependence of Living Things Vocabulary Review NYS S4C - LE 1.1, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3


1
BiologyInterdependence of Living
ThingsVocabulary ReviewNYS S4C - LE 1.1, 6.1,
6.2, 6.3
  • Living things are both similar to and different
    from each other and nonliving things
  • Explain how diversity of populations within
    ecosystems relates to the stability of ecosystems
  • Plants and animals depend on each other and their
    physical environment
  • Explain factors that limit growth of
    individuals and populations
  • Explain the importance of preserving diversity
    of species and habitats
  • Explain how the living and nonliving
    environments change over time and respond to
    disturbances

Power Point Created by P. Bordas CCC-SLP
2
Food ChainThe path of energy in food from one
organism to another
Food WebOverlapping food chains in an
ecosystem, shows the more complex feeding
relationships among produces, consumers and
decomposers
http//library.thinkquest.org/J0113170/forest/imag
es/foodweb.jpg
http//www.dist102.k12.il.us/resources/Science20K
ids/food-chain.jpg
3
Consumer (heterotrophs)eats plants or eats
other plant-eating animal, get energy from food
made by other organisms
Producers (autotrophs)Use suns energy to make
their own food
Includes grasses, trees and algae
Includes herbivores, carnivores, omnivores and
decomposers
All food webs begin with producers
4
Carnivoreeats other animals
Herbivoreeats plants, algae and other
producers
PredatorsLiving things that hunt other living
things for food
PreyThose living things that are hunted
ScavengersFeeds on remains of dead animals, meat
eater but does not hunt
5
Omnivoreeats both animals and plants
DecomposersOrganisms that break down dead
matter into substances that producers can use
Includes worms, insects, bacteria and fungi
All food webs end with decomposers
6
Green plants and algae responsible for trapping
the suns energy to manufacture organic compounds
to use for their own consumption
decomposers
carnivores
producers
7
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9
A group that includes herbivores, carnivores,
omnivores and decomposers
host
autotrophs
heterotrophs
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12
Include bacteria and fungi that are responsible
for breaking down complex structures of the
bodies of living things into more simpler forms
that can be used by other living things
Food web
producers
decomposers
13
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15
Heterotroph that survive on plants
carnivore
producers
herbivore
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18
Heterotroph that survive on other animals
herbivore
producers
carnivore
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21
A food chain is represented below.Grass ?
Cricket ? Frog ? OwlThis food chain contains
NYS Regents June 2008
4 consumers, no producers
1 predator, 1 parasite, and 2 producers
2 carnivores, 2 herbivores
2 predators, 1 herbivore, and 1 producer
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24
In an ecosystem, the growth and survival of
organisms are dependent on the availability of
the energy from the Sun. This energy is
available to organisms in the ecosystem because .
. .
NYS Regents June 2008
Producer have the ability to store energy from
light in organic molecules
All organisms in a food web have the ability to
use light energy
Consumers have the ability to transfer chemical
energy stored in bonds to plants
All organisms in food web feed on autotrophs
25
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27
Abiotic features are nonliving parts of the
environment
Biotic features are living parts of the
environment
28

Soil, water, physical space and energy are all
____________
Parasitic
abiotic
biotic
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31
Bacteria, plants and animals are all
__________________
predators
abiotic
biotic
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34
Abiotic factors that characterize a forest
ecosystem
NYS Regents August 2008
light and biodiversity
temperature and amount of available water
types of producers and decomposers
pH and number of heterotrophs
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37
Ecosystem all the living and nonliving things
that interact in a specific area
Biome large group of ecosystems with similar
climates and organisms
Biosphere all of the Earths ecosystems
38
A decaying log, fish tank, corn field and lake
are all __________________________.
biospheres
hosts
ecosystems
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41
The Earths ___________ includes all the land,
water, and air where organisms live.
environment
capacity
biosphere
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44
Deserts, shrublands/woodlands, grasslands,
forests and ___________ are major biomes.
herbivore
succession
tundra
45
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47
Environment every living and nonliving thing
that surrounds an organism
Habitat a species home, a specific
environment
48
The chair, computer and light coming through the
window are all part of your ______________________
____.
biosphere
food chain
environment
49
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51
Some familiar ____________ are forests, oceans,
and streams.
decomposers
biospheres
habitats
52
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54
Which factor has the greatest influence on the
type of ecosystem that will form in a particular
geographic area?
NYS Regents June 2008
Genetic variations in the animals
Climate conditions
Number of carnivores
Percentage of nitrogen gas in the atmosphere
55
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57
Which factor has the greatest influence on the
type of ecosystem that will form in a particular
geographic area?
NYS Regents June 2008
Genetic variations in the animals
Climate conditions
Number of carnivores
Percentage of nitrogen gas in the atmosphere
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