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The (re-)introduction of the electric vehicle Gerry Van Aken

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The (re-)introduction of the electric vehicle Gerry Van Aken – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The (re-)introduction of the electric vehicle Gerry Van Aken


1
The (re-)introduction of the electric
vehicle Gerry Van Aken
2
Content
  1. Introduction
  2. eV Developments
  3. LeasePlan Position

Dummy Presentation
Date 20 September 2015
Page 2
3
eVehicles already exist for over 100 years! Why
should we take it serious now?
  • Henri Pieper's 1905 Parallel Hybrid Vehicle
  • Henri Pieper, a German-born inventor and gunmaker
    in Belgium, submitted his application on November
    23, 1905and was granted a US patent on March 2,
    1909
  • Ferdinand Porsches 1898 basis for a Series
    Hybrid Vehicle
  • In 1898, the 23-year-old Ferdinand Porsche built
    his first car, the Lohner Electric Chaisethe
    world's first front-wheel-drive vehicle.
    Porsche's second car design was a series hybrid -
    like the Opel Ampera, due out in 2011

4
LeasePlan sees full market alignment for
eVehicles to succeed
  • Governments
  • Governmental incentives are currently a must for
    eVs to succeed
  • Many governments have already put eV incentive
    schemes in place
  • Car Manufacturers
  • Electric is believed to be the most important
    alternative technology
  • In 2011serious electric alternatives will be
    available in the market
  • Battery Manufacturers
  • Most technical issues have been resolved
  • Battery technology develops at a fast pace

5
LeasePlan sees full market alignment for
eVehicles to succeed contd
  • Utility Providers
  • Infrastructure and electricity companies
    recognise in eV a growth market
  • Leading and new utility providers are very eager
    and invest substantially
  • European standardisation agreement already signed
  • (Corporate) businesses and public sector
  • Corporate responsibility becomes more and more
    important
  • Client interest is increasing and some early
    pilots are already in place

6
Content
  1. Introduction
  2. eV Developments
  3. LeasePlan Position

Dummy Presentation
Date 20 September 2015
Page 6
7
eV Developments are focused around three areas
e-Vehicles
Batteries
Infra-structure
8
Competition between OEMs is expected to be high
in the launching markets
  • OEMs are trying to differentiate themselves and
    are diversifying their eV product
  • full electric exchange possibilities for
    batteries plug-in hybrid
  • Positive impact can be expected on availability
    of eVs, prices and infrastructure
  • Multi-brand choice could be offered to clients
    (as example see below snap shot)

Renault ZE Twizy
Zoe Fluence
Kangoo
  • Opel
  • Ampera

Peugeot iOn
Nissan Leaf
9
(No Transcript)
10
With the arrival of eVs also new brands have
entered the playing field
  • Think expected to be focusing on certain
    markets NO, DK, NL
  • Bolloré expected to remain a niche player in FR
  • like Heuliez 1.500 employees in FR
  • Build Your Dreams (Chinese car manufacturer)
  • Better Place (eV service provider)

11
(No Transcript)
12
eV Developments are focused around three areas
e-Vehicles
Batteries
Infra-structure
13
The technology for eV batteries is Li-ion but
develops at a fast pace
  • Currently lithium-ion is the technology for the
    development of eVs batteries
  • Ranges vary, but the average is 160 km (100
    miles) for full electric vehicles
  • Lithium-ion is accepted as standard incl. in USA,
    Japan, Korea, China
  • Lithium-ion can be recycled to a high degree
  • Considering capacity, price and recycling,
    lithium-ion is the cheapest technology
  • New developments to be expected in 5 10 years
    time
  • Batteries with electrodes of silicon-nano tubes gt
    factor 6 - 8
  • Lithium metal gas batteries gt factor 10
    improvement
  • Lithium fluid batteries gt factor 11 improvement

14
The average value of an eV battery is high and
its lifetime shorter than the car
  • Average value of the battery is up to 25-30 to
    the total car value
  • Lifetime of a car-useable battery is related to
    its usage
  • Quick or normal charging
  • Full eV or eV with a range extender
  • An eV battery has the potential for a second life
  • e.g. can deliver the solution for the need for
    electricity storage from wind turbines
  • General conclusions
  • Per eV lifetime at least three battery changes
    needed
  • Per eV-RE ( eV Range Extender) at least two
    battery changes needed

15
eV Developments are focused around three areas
e-Vehicles
Batteries
Infra-structure
16
(No Transcript)
17
Standardisation of the infrastructure is already
agreed upon
  • Common standards will generate cost benefits and
    create economies of scale for both electricity
    companies and the automobile industry
  • Consumers will be able to choose their
    electricity supplier, and even more importantly,
    will be able to charge their vehicle in charging
    stations across Europe
  • 50 major players have signed a declaration on
    acceptance of pre-defined standards for the
    charging network, which eventually must lead to
    one charging infrastructure within Europe
  • The standards will cover
  • Hardware (including connector and re-charging
    cables)
  • Communication software
  • Other issues (such as voltage and plugs)

Source www.eurelectric.org
18
Content
  1. Introduction
  2. eV Developments
  3. LeasePlan Position

Dummy Presentation
Date 20 September 2015
Page 18
19
eV fits perfectly in our corporate responsibility
  • LeasePlan is committed to reducing CO2 emissions
  • LeasePlan already introduced GreenPlan
  • LeasePlan is the first international fleet and
    vehicle management company certified by TÜV
    Rheinland for its sustainability initiative
    GreenPlan. GreenPlan was globally introduced in
    2007 and supports LeasePlans clients to reduce
    CO2 emissions from their car fleet
  • "With the increasing awareness of environmental
    issues, company car drivers tend to change their
    behaviour in the way they select their car and in
    the way they drive. Electric vehicles fit
    perfectly within our overall strategy we embarked
    on with GreenPlan as part of our overall efforts
    in the field of corporate responsibility.
  • Vahid Daemi, LeasePlans Chief Executive Officer

20
Belgium company car taxation
  • The company car tax is based on CO2 emissions
  • The deductibility of expenses
  • linked to CO2 emissions 50 to 120
  • except for fuel 75
  • and interests 100

21
A positive context for electric Vehicles
CO2 Emissions in Europe
  • CO2 emission awareness
  • Oil prices increasing
  • Government support and subsidy (vehicle and
    infrastructures)
  • Development of new Urban mobility needs
  • Development of a charging infrastructure
  • New Battery technology

22
eV potential customers
  • Cost driven
  • Commuters that drive less than 120 km per day
  • Companies which need eV for special purposes
    (materials handling in delimitated area like
    harbours)
  • Any professional usage (delivery, cleaning
    services, etc.) that has limited daily mileage
    and parked overnight in a confined parking space
  • Image driven
  • Public administration

Fossil fuel
The colors show the useful range / purpose
  • BEV Battery Electrical Vehicle (Nissan Leaf)
  • E-REV Extended Range Electrical Vehicle (Opel
    Ampera)

23
eV in LP
  • eV has a significant risk impact on our business
    model but offers many opportunities for our
    clients (sustainable business, image, long term
    expected lower TCO) and ourselves (strategic
    positioning, delivering our brand promise,
    Corporate Social Responsibility, new business
    opportunities)
  • Business Model
  • Our current business model for ICE vehicles could
    quite similarly be applied for eVs with a few
    major differences
  • High uncertainty regarding RV setting for eV and
    battery, to a lesser extent also for maintenance
  • High uncertainty regarding the used eV market
  • Replacement of fuel management by electricity
    management
  • The opportunity/requirement for battery leasing
  • eV potential
  • Western Europe will be one of the key markets for
    eVs and will be a fast growing market for the
    next 10 years
  • already eV interest from our existing as well as
    potential customers

24
TCO comparison
25
eV activities by LeasePlan
  • Corporation
  • European Memorandum of Understanding with
    Nissan-Renault
  • European Letter of Intent with Peugeot
  • Non Disclosure Agreement with General Motors for
    the exchange of eV information
  • Belgium
  • First charging pole in co-operation with The
    PluginCompany, Dec 2009
  • eV integrated in standard quoation procedure
  • 2 Smarts Electric Drive in Dec 2010 Delhaize en
    LeasePlan poolcar
  • Sponsor NMBS project combi mobility electric
    vehicle train kick off dec 2010
  • 3 Smarts Electric Drive
  • 3 Mitsubishi I-Miev
  • 21 electric LeasePlan vehicles on the road, end
    2010
  • 5 Nissan Leaf Q2 2011

26
  • Thank you
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