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Chemistry and Biochemistry JEOPARDY!! ?

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Chemistry and Biochemistry JEOPARDY!! Chemistry- Essential elements and water Biochemistry- General Biochem and Carbs Biochemistry- Lipids and Proteins – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chemistry and Biochemistry JEOPARDY!! ?


1
Chemistry and BiochemistryJEOPARDY!! ?
Chemistry- Essential elements and water Biochemistry- General Biochem and Carbs Biochemistry- Lipids and Proteins Biochemistry- Proteins and Nucleic Acids Potpourri
10 10 10 10 10
20 20 20 20 20
30 30 30 30 30
40 40 40 40 40
50 50 50 50 50
2
The most essential elements in living organism
are
10 Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
3
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen
10
Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
4
The bond that enables various water molecules to
interact is called _____________.
20 Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
5
Hydrogen bonds form between the hydrogen atom
of one water molecule and the oxygen atom of
another.
20 Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
6
. What structural property of water causes it to
be cohesive? Adhesive?
30 Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
7
Cohesive- hydrogenAdhesive- Polar
30 Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
8
30 Community 1
9
What makes something an acid? A base?
40 Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
10
Acid- pH less than 7, donates H to
solutionBase- pH greater than 7, donates OH- to
solution
40 Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
11
What is the role of a buffer?
50 Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
12
regulates pH by donating OH- to an acidic
solution or donating H to a basic solution
50
Chemistry- Essential Elements and Water
13
What are the characteristics of carbon?
10
General Biochem and Carbs
14
can form up to four bonds with different
atomscan form single, double, and triple
bondscan form long chains or ringscan bind
with many other atoms
10
General Biochem and Carbs
15
What is a monomer? Polymer?
20
General Biochem and Carbs
16
Monomer- individual unitPolymer- made up of one
or more monomers
20
General Biochem and Carbs
17
The monomers of carbohydrates are
30
General Biochem and Carbs
18
Monosaccharides,Glucose and Fructose
30
General Biochem and Carbs
19
Found in animal liver and muscle tissue
40
General Biochem and Carbs
20
Glycogen- Polysaccharide
40
General Biochem and Carbs
21
To get energy from this molecule, you must do
what?
50
General Biochem and Carbs
22
50
General Biochem and Carbs
hydrolysis- add water to convert to its
monosaccharides
23
10
Lipids and Proteins
What are the three main classes of lipids?
24
Simple lipids, phospholipids, and sterols
10
Lipids and Proteins
25
.
20
Lipids and Proteins
What is this polymer? What are the monomers?
26
Polymer- Simple LipidMonomers- 3 fatty acids and
1 glycerol
20
Lipids and Proteins
27
What are the monomers of a phospholipid?
30
Lipids and Proteins
28
30
Lipids and Proteins
Glycerol, phosphate, 2 fatty acids
29
What causes the tertiary level of structure of a
protein?
40
Lipids and Proteins
30
40
Lipids and Proteins
interactions amongst the R groups- can be either
a disulfide bridge, hydrogen bond, or weak ionic
bond 3D structure can either be globular or
fibrous
31
What level of structure does hemoglobin have?
Describe it.
50
Lipids and Proteins
32
quaternary- multiple polypeptide chains
interacting
50
Lipids and Proteins
33
10
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
What determines the primary structure of a
protein?
34
10
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
Genes on DNA
35
20
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
What bonds cause the secondary structure of a
protein?
36
20
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
Hydrogen bonds .
37
30
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
What are the monomers of nucleic acids?
38
30
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides (Consist of nitrogen base, sugar, and
phosphate)
39
40
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
What makes up the backbone of a nucleic acid? The
middle?
40
40
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
backbone- sugar and phosphate held by covalent
bonds middle- nitrogen bases held by hydrogen
bonds
41
50
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
What is the function of an enzyme?
42
50
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
Enzymes speed up chemical reactions by lowering
the activation energy of the reaction. they are
neither the reactants nor products in a chemical
reaction (they are not used up!)
43
My name is Bond, Ionic BondTaken, not shared!
10
Cells
44
From Mariano Cecowski ltMCecowskiNoSpam.sif.com.
argtQ if both a bear in Yosemite and one in
Alaska fall into the waterwhich one disolves
faster?A The one in Alaska because it is
HIJKLMNO
10 Population Growth
45
Alimentary What Sherlock Holmes said to Dr.
Watson.Urinate What a nurse would say if a
patient asked her what room he's in.Urine - The
opposite of "You're out!"Benign What we want
when we are eight.Intestine - Currently taking
an exam CARDIOLOGY advanced study of poker
playing TERMINAL ILLNESS getting sick at the
airport
10 Population Growth
46
10
Potpourri
What part of the enzyme molds itself to
specifically fit a substrate?
47
10
Potpourri
Active site
48
10
Population Growth
49
20
Potpourri
3 important characteristics of enzymes are
50
they are very specificefficienthighly
sensitive
20
Potpourri
51
30
Potpourri
Below is the structure of what? What kind of
reaction put this together?
52
30
Potpourri
a protein (polypeptide chain) dehydration
synthesis
53
30
Population Growth
54
40
Potpourri
How would you know if protein is present in a
solution?
55
40
Potpourri
Biuret test- solution turns lavender
56
50
Potpourri
What are the four types of polysaccharides?
57
50
Potpourri
cellulose (makes up the cell wall of
plants) chitin (makes up the exoskeleton of
fungi and arthropods) starch (energy storage in
plants) glycogen (energy storage in animals)
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