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Preparing for STEM and STEM Success

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Preparing for STEM and STEM Success Phil Hampton, Ph.D. Chemistry Professor Director, HSI-STEM Grant CSU Channel Islands philip.hampton_at_csuci.edu – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Preparing for STEM and STEM Success


1
Preparing for STEM and STEM Success
Phil Hampton, Ph.D. Chemistry Professor Director,
HSI-STEM Grant CSU Channel Islands philip.hampton_at_
csuci.edu (805) 437-8869
A literate nation not only reads. It computes,
investigates and innovates. -Change the Equation
2
Topics
  • What is STEM?
  • STEM Careers
  • STEM Preparation for Higher Education and
    Challenges
  • K-12 education
  • Community college education
  • STEM Success

3
What is STEM?
  • STEM stands for
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Engineering
  • Mathematics

4
STEM Areas
  • Biological Sciences
  • Chemistry/ Biochemistry
  • Computer Information Science
  • Engineering (Civil, Mechanical, Electrical,
    Computer, etc.)
  • Environmental Science
  • Geosciences (Geology, Astronomy)
  • Mathematics
  • Physics

5
Excellent STEM Resource 1
http//stemcareer.com/
STEM resources useful to Counselors, Students,
Parents and Educators Rich Feller, Professor of
Counseling and Career Development, Colorado State
University
6
Excellent STEM Resource 2
http//www.stemconnector.org/
STEMconnector works closely with corporations
and other organizations to provide them with a
set of tools and resources that support their
corporate development, corporate structure and
smart STEM investments.
7
http//www.bls.gov/careeroutlook/2014/spring/art01
.pdf
8
http//cs.calvin.edu/documents/computing_careers
9
Future STEM Employment
http//www.esa.doc.gov/sites/default/files/reports
/documents/stemfinalyjuly14_1.pdf
10
Excellent STEM Resource 3
http//changetheequation.org
Change the Equation works at the intersection of
business and education to ensure that all
students are STEM literate by collaborating with
schools, communities, and states to adopt and
implement excellent STEM policies and programs.
11
Job Opportunities in STEM in CA
Vital Signs, September 2012 www.changetheequatio
n.org
12
STEM Preparation and Challenges
CHALLENGE 1 WE NEED TO INCREASE K-16 STUDENT
INTEREST IN STEM AND BROADEN THEIR UNDERSTANDING
OF STEM CAREERS
13
Perceptions of STEM
14
STEM Careers
15
Challenge 2 We need to Improve the preparation
of K-12 students, Especially our under-served
students
16
1st in Math 1st in Science
33rd in Math 26th in Science
17
Weak Problem-Solving Skills
The 2012 Program for International Student
Assessment (PISA) test examined 44 countries
students problem-solving abilities American
students landed just above the average, but they
still scored below many other developed
countries, including Britain, Singapore, Korea,
Japan, China and Canada.
Vince Bertram President and CEO Project Lead The
Way, Inc.
18
Mathematics Readiness is Weak
The Nations Report Card, National Assessment of
Educational Progress, http//www.nationsreportcard
.gov/
19
Strong Math Preparation A Requirement for
Success in STEM
  • Advanced math courses greater factor in college
    success than family background
  • Math beyond Algebra II double chances of
    obtaining B.A.
  • Necessary preparation of many college courses,
    including physics, chemistry and even biology.

http//www.futurereadyproject.org/sites/frp/files/
Achieve-MathWorks-FactSheet-All20StudentsNeedAdva
ncedMath.pdf
20
STEM High School Preparation Curriculum
  • Four years of high school mathematics
  • Four years of high school science
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Earth Science
  • Strong oral and written communication skills

21
Math Preparation for STEM
http//www.mathismore.net/resources/Future_of_High
_School_Math_Report.pdf
22
Core Courses in STEM
Environmental Science and Resource Management
Biology
Applied Physics Computer Science Information
Technology Mathematics
Chemistry
23
Challenge 3 We need to increase the number of
STEM graduates and retain them
24
Educational Pipeline
Vital Signs, September 2012 www.changetheequatio
n.org
25
STEM Attrition
  • 48 Bachelors and 69 of Associates degree
    students left STEM (2003 2009)
  • Approximately half of these STEM Leavers
    switched to a non-STEM major
  • Male or lower-income background students had a
    higher probability of leaving by dropping out of
    college vs. female and higher-income

STEM Attrition College Students Paths Into and
Out of STEM Fields U.S. Department of
Education, 2013.
26
Factors Correlating with Switching to Non-STEM
  • Lighter course loads
  • Taking less-challenging math courses
  • Performing poorly in entry STEM courses
  • Accumulating larger numbers of withdrawn/ failed
    STEM credits

STEM Attrition College Students Paths Into and
Out of STEM Fields U.S. Department of
Education, 2013.
27
Challenge 4 We need to diversify STEM graduates
28
The State of Latinos in California Higher
Education, The Campaign for College Opportunity,
2013
29
STEM Success
30
Preparing Students for Success in College
  1. Strong cognitive strategies, e.g. analysis,
    reasoning and argumentation, and interpretation.
  2. Strong content knowledge and skills developed by
    studying English, math, and science.
  3. Academic behaviors that enable students to cope
    with the academic demands of college, such as
    self monitoring and study skills.
  4. College knowledge of how the postsecondary
    system operates, e.g. process of college
    admissions, financial aid, and successful
    functioning in college.

http//www.americanprogress.org/issues/labor/repor
t/2009/01/27/5411/improving-academic-preparation-f
or-college/
31
Ingredients for Success in STEM
  • The acquisition of knowledge, skills, and habits
    of mind
  • Opportunities to put these into practice
  • A developing sense of competence, confidence, and
    progress
  • Motivation to be in, a sense of belonging to, or
    self-identification with the field and
  • Information about stages, requirements, and
    opportunities.

Expanding Underrepresented Minority
Participation. National Research Council,
2011 http//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK83364/
32
Skills Needed for STEM Success
  • Persistence
  • Reading, writing, and communication
  • Basic mathematical skills, including the ability
    to do word problems
  • Ability to analyze and interpret statistical data
  • Ability to use scientific method
  • Orientation toward learning, good study skills,
    and ability to take responsibility for ones own
    education

Expanding Underrepresented Minority
Participation. National Research Council,
2011 http//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK83364/
33
Strong Communication Skills
  • Technical writing
  • Interpersonal communication
  • Ability to explain complex concepts simply

http//www.iseek.org/careers/stemskills.html
34
STEM Pathways
100 200 Level Courses
Community College Coursework/ Transfer AA
Degrees
Freshmen
100, 200, 300 Level Courses
Sophomore
300 400 Level Courses
Junior
  • Transfer AA Degrees
  • Computer Science
  • Mathematics
  • Physics

300 400 Level Courses
Senior
35
Resources for Success in College
Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation
(LSAMP) Research Experiences for Undergraduates
(REU)
SSS TRIO HSI-STEM
MARC and RISE
36
Thank you
Phil Hampton, Ph.D. Chemistry Professor Director,
HSI-STEM Grant CSU Channel Islands philip.hampton_at_
csuci.edu (805) 437-8869
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