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The Cold War in Asia

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The Cold War in Asia III. COMMUNIST REVOLUTION IN CHINA 1945-1949 A. JAPANESE DEMOBILIZATION FROM CHINA 1. As Japanese militarists were forced to leave occupied areas ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cold War in Asia


1
The Cold War in Asia
2
III. COMMUNIST REVOLUTION IN CHINA
  • 1945-1949

3
A. JAPANESE DEMOBILIZATION FROM CHINA
  • 1. As Japanese militarists were forced to leave
    occupied areas in China after WWII, Communist and
    Nationalist Parties of China, which had been
    fighting for over two decades, scrambled to seize
    territory.
  • 2. Both parties were more interested in the
    arsenals and the technology left by Japan than
    the actual land itself.

4
B. COMMUNISTS
  • 1. Leader Mao Zedong
  • 2. Located in the Northeast
  • 3.Mao Zedong gained popularity amongst the
    Chinese because he gave land to peasants and he
    fought against the Japanese occupation.

5
C. NATIONALISTS
  • 1. Leader Chiang Kai-Shek
  • 2. Located in the South
  • 3. US sent 50,000 troops to help secure the
    Nationalists power.

6
D. CIVIL WAR IN CHINA
  • 1. General George C. Marshall traveled to China
    in Dec 1945 to arrange a truce between the two
    parties, but they would not compromise.
  • 2. Nationalists attacked Communists in July,
    1946, and the Civil War began.

7
  • 3. Nationalists Communists fought in China
  • a. Maos forces took over much of
  • China weakened the Nationalists
  • b. US felt they should focus foreign-
  • aid on helping Western Europe
  • against Stalin, rather than saving
  • China.

8
E. COMMUNIST VICTORY
  • 1. Even with US support, the Nationalists fell to
    Maos troops.
  • 2. October of 1949 Communists established the
    Peoples Republic of China.

9
  • 3. Nationalists retreated to the island of
    Taiwan.

10
  • 4. The US refused to recognize their government,
    claiming that the Nationalists were the legal
    government of China (Taiwan).
  • 5. US refused to let Maos government gain a seat
    in the UN (til Pres. Nixon).
  • 6.This made the Soviet Union (also Communist)
    upset.

11
Tell me what YOU think
  • Does the U.S. have the right to oppose a
    revolution that is supported by the majority of a
    countrys residents?
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