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An Introduction to William Shakespeare and the Tragedy of Romeo


An Introduction to William Shakespeare and the Tragedy of Romeo & Juliet English I Agenda Bellringer: Work on your anticipation guide. Keep this in your notebook. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Introduction to William Shakespeare and the Tragedy of Romeo

An Introduction to William Shakespeare and the
Tragedy of Romeo Juliet
  • English I

  • Bellringer Work on your anticipation guide. Keep
    this in your notebook. We will come back to this
    at the end of the unit to see if your answers
  • Notes
  • Homework Renaissance handout

April 23, 1564 William Shakespeare was born in
Stratford-on-Avon to John and Mary Shakespeare.
There is a baptismal registration for
Shakespeare, but few other written records exist.
He was the 3rd of 8 children.
Much of Shakespeares younger years remain a
mystery, but there are rumors about what jobs he
may have worked.
Butcher Apprentice
1582 According to church records, Shakespeare
married Anne Hathaway.
At the time of their marriage, William was
eighteen and Anne was twenty-six.
William and Anne have three children together
(Susanna, Hamnet, and Judith).
Shakespeare left his family in 1591 to pursue
writing in London.
August 1596 young Hamnet died at the age of
eleven. The cause of his death is unknown.
In 1592, Shakespeare began developing a
reputation as an actor and playwright.
As theatres were beginning to grow in popularity,
it is probable that Shakespeare began earning a
living writing plays (adapting old ones and
working with others on new ones).
1594 William became involved with a company of
actors named The Lord Chamberlains Men. This
group later (1603) changed their name to The
Kings Men.
In 1598, Shakespeare, in collaboration with other
actors, designed and built The Globe.
This circular theatre was the first of its kind,
breaking away from the traditional rectangular
1612 Shakespeare moved back to Stratford where
he retired both rich and famous.
1616 William Shakespeare dies on his birthday.
At the time of his death, Shakespeare is said to
have written around 37 plays and 154 sonnets. He
is also known to have contributed over two
thousand words to the English language.
Shakespeare is also known to have written around
884 words throughout all of his works.
Good friend for Jesus sake forbeare To digg the
dust encloased heare Bleste be ye man that
spares thes stones And curst be he that moves my
Which do you prefer?
Shakespearean Theater The Globe
Romeo, RomeoWhere for art thou Romeo?
Elizabethan Theatre Fun Facts
  • The First Elizabethan Theater The Wooden O
  • Built in 1576, first permanent stage in London
  • Built by James Burbage
  • Shaped in form of a tavern
  • 1599 theatre torn down, but Shakespeares company
    used it to build The Globe Theatre

Elizabethan Theatre Fun Facts
  • The Globe
  • Round/polygonal building with a roofless
  • No artificial light
  • Three stories high upper levels were for the
  • The groundlings paid a penny a piece to stand
    on the floor in front of the stage (800 people)
  • Large platform stage
  • Back of platform was curtained off inner stage
  • Two door entrances/exits on either side of
  • Small balcony/upper stage
  • Elaborate costumes but no props
  • Young boys played the parts of women women
    werent allowed to be actors

Fire and Rediscovery
  • Shakespeares Globe burned down, but its
    foundation was discovered in 1990. It gave us
    many clues to the Elizabethan experience such as
    hazelnut shells! A replica has since been
    rebuilt. You can visit it and see a play today.

Dramatic Terminology
  • Tragedy A narrative about serious and important
    actions that end unhappily, usually with the
    death of the main characters.
  • The play is broken up into acts and the acts are
    broken up into scenes.
  • Monologue A long uninterrupted speech given by
    one character onstage to everyone.
  • Soliloquy A long uninterrupted speech given by
    one character alone on stage, inaudible to other
  • Aside A short speech given by one character,
    traditionally the other characters cannot hear.

Dramatic Terminology
  • Pun A humorous play on words
  • After that poisonous snake struck at me in the
    Arizona Desert I was really rattled. A gossip is
    someone with a great sense of rumor.
  • A carpenter must have been here. I saw dust.
  • Energizer Bunny arrested - charged with battery.
  • Corduroy pillows are making headlines.
  • The executioner decided to drop out of
    Executioner School. It was just too cut throat
    for him.
  • He who farts in church sits in his own pew.

Dramatic Terminology
  • Dramatic Foil A pair of characters who are
    opposite in many ways and highlight or exaggerate
    each others differences.

Poetic Terminology
  • Blank Verse Unrhymed meter unrhymed iambic
    pentameter specifically.
  • Iambic Meter Each unstressed syllable is
    followed by a stressed syllable.
  • Couplets Two consecutive lines that rhyme (aa bb
    cc). Usually followed when a character leaves or
    a scene ends.
  • End-stopped Line Has some form of punction at at
    the end of the line (,.!?).
  • Run-on Line Has NO punctuation at the end of the
    line and meaning is continued to following lines.
  • Sonnet A fourteen line poem using iambic
    pentameter and the following rhyme scheme abab
    cdcd efef gg.

Poetic Terminology
  • Internal Rhyme Words rhyming inside one line.
  • End Line Rhyme Words rhyming at the end of
    consecutive lines.
  • Perfect vs. Slant Rhyme ball hall are a
    perfect rhyme (end sounds the same). Ball bell
    are slant rhymes (beginning and end sounds the
    same middle sound is different).
  • Alliteration the repetition of the same
    beginning consonants
  • Assonance the repetition of the same vowel
    sounds in the middle of words
  • Consonance the repetition of the same ending
  • Onomatopoeia words that are spelled much like
    how they sound.

Shakespeares 5 Part Storytelling Pattern
Act III Crisis/Turning Point A series of
Act IV Falling Action Results of the turning
point characters locked into deeper disaster
Act II Rising Action A series of complications
Act I Exposition Establishes setting,
characters, conflict, and background
Act V Climax/Resolution/Denouement Death of the
main characters and then the loose parts of the
plot are tied up
Tips for Understanding Romeo and Juliet
  • Romeo and Juliet is based on Arthur Brookes long
    narrative poem the Tragicall Historye of Romeus
    and Juliet (1562).
  • The play has a highly moral tone disobedience,
    as well as fate, leads to the deaths of two

Motifs in Romeo and Juliet
  • Power of Love
  • Violence from Passion
  • The Individual vs. Society
  • The Inevitability of Fate

  • Romeo
  • Lord Montague (his dad)
  • Lady Montague (his mom)
  • Mercutio (friend)
  • Benvolio (cousin)
  • Juliet
  • Lord Capulet (her father)
  • Lady Capulet (her mother)
  • Tybalt (cousin)
  • Nurse

A Pair of Star Crossed Lovers
My only love sprung from my only hate! Too
early seen unknown , and known too late!
Juliet Act I, Scene V
  • Two households, both alike in dignity, in fair
    Verona, where we lay our scene, from ancient
    grudge break to new mutiny, where civil blood
    makes civil hands unclean. From forth the fatal
    loins of these two foes A pair of star-cross'd
    lovers take their life Whose misadventured
    piteous overthrows do with their death bury their
    parents' strife. The fearful passage of their
    death-mark'd love, and the continuance of their
    parents' rage, which, but their children's end,
    nought could remove, is now the two hours'
    traffic of our stage.