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View the following slides and answer

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... Jackson was appointed a general in the army. At the Battle of New Orleans, ... Spoils- benefits gained by the winner After taking office, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: View the following slides and answer


1
Engaging Focus Federalist Era vs. Jacksonian
Era
View the following slides and answer Part 1
Engaging Focus questions in your student handout.
2
Washington and his Cabinet
3
Political Discussion in the 1830s
4
Washingtons Inauguration
5
Outside the White House after Jacksons
Inauguration
6
The Age of Jackson
The Issues that Challenged Old Hickory
7
The Election of 1824
The "Corrupt Bargain"
8
  • The Candidates
  • Andrew Jackson- Democrat
  • John Quincy Adams- Whig
  • Henry Clay- Whig
  • William Crawford- Democrat

Jackson won the popular vote, but no candidate
won the electoral vote.
9
The vote goes to the House of Representatives who
pick from the top three- Jackson, Adams, and
Crawford.
Who will you vote for?
Clay uses his position as Speaker of the House to
persuade representatives to vote for Adams, who
wins.
Adams!
10
Adams appoints Clay Secretary of State.
Secretary of State Henry Clay
Jackson called the election a Corrupt Bargain.
Why did he feel this was a Corrupt Bargain?
11
John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson faced each
other again in 1828.
Woohoo!
Jackson wins by a landslide.
To the victor belong the spoils.
12
Jacksons win was hailed as a victory for common
people. Large numbers of Western farmers, as well
as workers in the nations cities supported him.
Their vote helped to end the idea that the
government should be ruled by an educated elite.
Now the common people would be governed by one of
their own.
Early in American history only males who owned
property, or paid taxes, could vote. The easing
of voting restrictions increased the number of
men allowed to vote, helping Jackson to win the
election of 1828.
13
Jackson was known as the peoples president. He
grew up on a frontier farm and joined the militia
at 13 to fight in the Revolutionary War. In 1781
he was taken as a POW. After his mother secured
his release she died, leaving Jackson an orphan
at 14. After the war Jackson studied law and
started a successful legal practice.
14
After the War of 1812 broke out, Jackson was
appointed a general in the army. At the Battle of
New Orleans, Jackson became a national hero,
soundly defeating the Britisheven though his
troops were greatly outnumbered.
Here he earned the nickname Old Hickory. After
winning the presidency, Jacksons humble
beginnings and rise above the hardships he faced,
led Americans to see him as a real American
success storybecoming the peoples president.
15
The Spoils System
Spoils- benefits gained by the winner
16
After taking office, Jackson fires many
Federalist officials.
OUT!!!
He gives their jobs to his loyal supporters.
The Spoils System is giving political jobs to
loyal supporters.
17
What is a positive aspect of the spoils system?
What is a negative aspect of the spoils system?
18
The Kitchen Cabinet
19
The Kitchen Cabinet was Jacksons unofficial
advisors made up of the press, democratic
leaders, loyal supporters and friends.
They met informally in the White House kitchen to
discuss politics and give Jackson advice.
20
They were known as a rough group.
21
What is a positive aspect of the Kitchen Cabinet?
What is a negative aspect of the Kitchen Cabinet?
22
The Bank of the U.S. was created by Federalist
Alexander Hamilton.
The Banks purpose was to regulate economic
policies.
23
Jackson thought the Bank was too powerful.
He thought Bank president Nicholas Biddle and
Bank administrators used the Bank for their own
profit.
24
The Bank cut back on loans which hurt farmers in
the West.
Jackson vowed, I will kill it!
He vetoed the Bank when its charter was up for
renewal.
25
The Nullification Crisis
Tariff Bill of 1828
26
Jackson passed the Tariff Bill of 1828 which was
the highest import tax ever.
This was a protective tariff because it was
designed to protect U.S. industry by increasing
tariffs on goods from Europe.
27
This tax hurt Southern planters because they
depended on trade with Europe.
The high tariff meant Southerners still sold
their cotton to Europe, but paid more for
European imports.
28
They called it the Tariff of Abominations. An
abomination is something hated.
Vice President John C. Calhoun was from South
Carolina and, like most Southerners, believed in
the idea of states rights.
29
States Rights is the right of states to limit the
power of the federal government.
South Carolina passed the Nullification Act and
declared the tariff illegal.
Nullify means
cancel.
30
South Carolina threatened to secede if the tariff
was not lifted.
Secede means withdraw.
If you were Jackson, what would you do?
31
Henry Clay designed a compromise that lowered the
tariff but gave the president more power to use
force if a state threatened to secede.
32
The Trail of Tears
33
In a desire to attract more white settlers,
Georgia began moving Indians west.
Jackson believed he did not have the power as
president to interfere with Georgias rights and
stop the removal.
34
Cherokees v. Georgia
  • Cherokees sued to keep their land
  • The Supreme Court upheld their right to stay
  • Jackson and Van Buren ignored the Supreme Court

35
Worcester v. Georgia
  • Georgia said any white man living among Native
    Americans without license from the governor would
    be arrested.
  • Missionary Samuel Worcester was arrested and sued
    for his freedom.
  • The Supreme Court agreed that he could not be
    arrested, as the Cherokee Nation gave him
    permission and Georgias laws were
    unconstitutional.

36
Jackson pushed the Indian Removal Act through
Congress which gave the president power to move
Native Americans west of the Mississippi.
37
Many Native Americans, mostly Cherokee, were
forced to move.
Besides losing their homeland, many Native
Americans died along the way.
38
This forced removal and journey west became know
as the Trail of Tears.
Some groups, such as the Seminoles of Florida,
resisted.
39
Led by Chief Osceola, The Seminole Indians of
Florida resisted removal by fighting the U.S.
government in what became known as the Seminole
Wars.
However, the Seminoles were eventually removed.
40
How do you think Andrew Jackson handled the
issues of his presidency?
What do you think of this common man raised in a
log cabin in Tennessee?
41
Creating Political Cartoons
Your assignment is to create two political
cartoons on two different issues in Andrew
Jacksons presidency.
A political cartoon makes a point or conveys the
cartoonists opinion.
42
Political cartoons use symbols and words to
convey their message.
Political cartoons may be entertaining, but their
main purpose is to challenge the reader to think.
Analyze the following political cartoons
43
The cartoonist thinks Jackson rules like a
________.
What words and symbols are used to convey the
cartoonists point of view?
What is on the paper he is holding? What is the
cartoonist trying to point out with this symbol?
He is standing on the Constitution and Bank
charter.
The cartoonist has a positive view of Jackson.
True or false?
44
This cartoon is about Jacksons use of the spoils
system. What clues might tell us this?
45
What Jackson issue is this cartoon a commentary
on?
Despotism- a despot is someone who rules with
complete and total power.
According to the cartoonist, what events might
occur if Jackson continues leading the nation?
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