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Research Ethics

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Tuskegee Study Research Ethics Ethics matters in academic and scientific research. Study of ethics is no less ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Research Ethics


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Tuskegee Study
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Research Ethics
  • Ethics matters in academic
    and scientific
    research.
  • Study of ethics is no less
    and no more
    important in
    research than in any
    other
    practice that has the
    potential of causing harm
    or
    creating good for others.

5
Research Ethics
  • Study of ethics
  • helps people think more clearly about
    professional expectations
  • encourages them to examine assumptions that
    serve as the basis for conventional behavior.
  • increased consciousness will translate into more
    ethical action.

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  •     Six-part, on-line course
  • I. Ethical Issues in Research
  •           A. Compliance and Ethics          B.
    Compliance Concepts          C. Ethics Concepts
  •     II. Interpersonal Responsibility          A.
    Mentor/Trainee Responsibilities          B.
    Determining Publication Practices and
    Responsible Authorship          C.
    Collaborative Science/Competitive Science
  •    

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  •     III. Institutional Responsibility         
    A. The Institutional Process Regarding
    Allegations          B. Conflicts of Interest
    and Conflicts of Commitment          C.
    IRB/IACUC
  • IV. Professional Responsibility          A.
    Proposing Research          B. Dissemination of
    Findings          C. Peer Review
  •     V. Animals in Research
  •     VI. Human Participation in Research

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Objectives
  • 1). Define and apply basic terms relating to the
    ethical conduct of research
  • including research misconduct, fabrication,
    falsification, plagiarism, compliance, ethically
    prohibited behavior, ethically required behavior,
    ethically permitted behavior, and ethically
    encouraged behavior
  • 2). Distinguish between compliance and ethics
  • 3). Describe minimal requirements for research
    ethics training set forward by the Public Health
    Service (PHS)

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Compliance Terms
  • all basic, applied, and demonstration research in
    all fields of science, engineering, and
    mathematics.
  • research in economics, education, linguistics,
    medicine, psychology, social sciences,
    statistics, research involving human subjects or
    animals, regardless of originating discipline.
  • Research
  • "activity designed to test a hypothesis, permit
    conclusions to be drawn, and thereby to develop
    or contribute to generalized knowledge
    (expressed, for example, in theories, principles,
    and statements of relationships).

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Research Misconduct
  • Fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in
    proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or
    in reporting research results.
  • It does not include honest error or honest
    differences in interpretations or judgments of
    data.

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Fabrication
  • Making up data or results and recording or
    reporting them as factual results.

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Falsification
  • Manipulating research materials, equipment, or
    processes, or changing or omitting data or
    results such that the research is not accurately
    represented in the research record.

13
Research Record
  • The record of data or results that
    embody the facts resulting from
    scientific inquiry
  • includes, but is not limited to, research
    proposals, laboratory records, both physical and
    electronic, progress reports, abstracts, theses,
    oral presentations, internal reports, and journal
    articles.

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Plagiarism
  • The appropriation of another person's ideas,
    processes, results, or words without giving
    appropriate credit
  • including those obtained through confidential
    review of others' research proposals and
    manuscripts.

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Findings of Research Misconduct
  • requires that the fabrication, falsification, or
    plagiarism be a significant departure from
    accepted practices of the relevant research
    community
  • misconduct be committed intentionally, knowingly,
    or recklessly
  • the allegation be proven by a preponderance of
    evidence.

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Research Institutions
  • All organizations using federal funds for
    research
  • including colleges and universities, intramural
    federal research laboratories, federally-funded
    research and development center, national user
    facilities, industrial laboratories, or other
    research institutes.

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Research Institutions
  • Independent researchers and small research
    institutions
  • Research institutions have the primary
    responsibility for prevention and detection of
    research misconduct

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Research Integrity Officer
  • Institutional official responsible for assessing
    allegations of research misconduct.
  • Research Integrity Officer at most institutions,
    is the Vice President for Research, or that
    person's designee.

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Legally Required
  • This terminology is used to differentiate actions
    that are merely
  • in compliance (legally required) from those
    actions that are
  • ethically permitted.

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