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Moving towards Emancipation

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Antietam Emancipation Proclamation Issued September 22, 1862-five days after Antietam All persons engaged in Rebellion as of January 1, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Moving towards Emancipation


1
Moving towards Emancipation
2
Crittenden Resolution
  • Passed by Congress July of 1861
  • War is being fought to preserve the Union, not to
    end slavery.
  • Lincoln had stated as much in his First
    Inauguration Speech

3
First Confiscation Act-1862
  • Any property being used to aid the Rebellion can
    be seized.
  • Example slaves growing crops helps the Rebellion
  • Loophole quit fighting and the South can keep
    its slaves.

4
Second Confiscation Act-1862
  • All rebel property, regardless of its use, can be
    seized.
  • Loophole quit fighting and keep the slaves.

5
Steps Toward Emancipation
  • March 1862-slaves who escape to Union lines will
    not be returned to owners.
  • April 1862-compensated emancipation goes
    into effect for Washington DC.
  • June 1862-Territories are emancipated without
    compensation

6
Political consideration against Emancipation
  • Did not want to offend the border states
  • a. Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware,
    Maryland
  • 2. Offend the racist element in the North
  • a. Did not want freed slaves to take their
    jobs

7
I would do it if I were not afraid that half the
officers would fling down their arms and three
more States would rise. Lincoln-summer 1861
8
Horace Greeley
  • Owner and editor of New York Tribune
  • Editorial-Prayer of 20 Million urging immediate
    emancipation.

9
Lincolns Response
  • My paramount object in this struggle is to save
    the Union, and it is not either to save or
    destroy slavery.
  • Free none, free all, or free some and leave
    others enslaved.
  • This response reflected Lincolns official view,
    not as he stated his personal view of slavery.

10
  • What Lincoln needs, in 1862, is a victory in the
    Eastern Theater of the war to help the North see
    the connection between ending the war and ending
    slavery.
  • What victory leads to emancipation?
  • Antietam

11
Emancipation Proclamation
  • Issued September 22, 1862-five days after
    Antietam
  • All persons engaged in Rebellion as of January 1,
    1863 will have their slaves freed. This
    justified emancipation for military reasons.
  • Loophole if the South quits, they can keep their
    slaves.

12
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