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How many of you have ever told a story before?


How many of you have ever told a story before? Told your mom about a movie you saw. Told your friends about something you did or saw. Told your dad about what your ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How many of you have ever told a story before?

How many of you have ever told a story before?
  • Told your mom about a movie you saw.
  • Told your friends about something you did or saw.
  • Told your dad about what your brother or sister
  • What you have been doing is telling a story!

  • Story is
  • the events and experiences that make up who we
  • OR
  • the events and experiences that an author creates
    for his or her characters

  • One type of story is called
  • Fiction is
  • Works of writing that come from a writers
  • The writer may be inspired by true events, but
    everything written is made up in his/her mind
  • One type of fiction is

Elements of a Story
  • Every story must have certain elements, or parts,
    in order to be a good and entertaining story.

  • The setting of a story is the TIME and PLACE that
    the story occurs.
  • Oftentimes there will be many settings within a
    story however, we can always come up with a
    general statement about the setting by asking
    ourselves these questions
  • When in time is the story taking place? How do
    we know?
  • Is there a main location for the story? What is
    it, and how do we know?

  • Another main element of a story

  • Every story needs characters, or
    people/animals/mystical creatures to relate to
  • The better we can relate to the characters, the
    easier it is for the author to pull us into
    his/her story!
  • There are different types of characters within a

  • The main character of any story is called the
    protagonist. The protagonist is who we follow
    throughout the story. S/he is who we try to
    relate to. S/he is who we see in conflict with
    someone or something.
  • Lets seeWho are the protagonists in the
    following books or stories
  • The Outsiders
  • Ponyboy
  • Twilight
  • Bella
  • The Landlady
  • Billy Weaver
  • The Amazing Life of Mrs. Merriman
  • Mrs. Merriman (of course? )

  • The antagonist of a story is the person or thing
    that the protagonist is in conflict with (AKA
    The BAD Guy).
  • Sometimes the antagonist doesnt have to be a
    specific person.
  • Who are the antagonists for the following books
    or stories?
  • Twilight
  • Holes
  • The Warden
  • The Harry Potter series
  • Voldemort
  • The Landlady
  • The landladythat crazy people stuffing woman!

Other Characters
  • Usually a book will be filled with other
    characters that the protagonist comes in contact
    with. This is to add detail and keep our
    interest in our main character.
  • Oftentimes meeting other characters will help to
    develop the protagonist and make him/her more
  • Why is it important for the author to make a
    protagonist that is relatable to the reader?

  • Another main element to a story

  • Theme is an idea about life or human nature that
    the writer tries to share with the reader.
  • Example In the Twilight series, the theme is
    that love can conquer all obstacles.
  • In the short story The Boy Who Cried Wolf, the
    theme is that one shouldnt ask for help unless
    you truly need it.
  • What was the theme in The Landlady?

Types of Theme
  • The theme of a story can either be STATED or
  • If a theme is stated, then the author includes
    the theme within the story itself.
  • If a theme is implied, then the author expects
    the reader to understand the theme or message
    based on the story itself.
  • In most short stories and books, the theme is
    going to be implied.
  • With fables, the theme is often stated at the end
    of the story.

  • Another extremely important element to a story

  • The plot of a story is the sequence of events in
    a story (AKA The Play by Play).
  • The plot has a basic format that most stories
    followbut you already know that!

Quickie Reminder!
  • The Exposition, or Introduction, starts out the
    plot. During this part of the story, the
    setting, characters, and basic situation is
    introduced. Also during this time the main
    conflict is introduced.
  • The Rising Action comes next in a story. This is
    when the conflict increases in intensity until it
    reaches a high point, which means it becomes
    super suspenseful or interesting.
  • The Climax occurs next. This is when the
    conflict reaches its most suspenseful moment.
    (Whos going to win the conflict? How is
    everything going to work out? Is our protagonist
    going to make it?)
  • Then comes the Falling Action. During this time,
    the main conflict ends.
  • Finally comes the Resolution, or Denouement,
    where any other events that occur after the main
    conflict end (and all is well with the world).

The Plots Format in a Diagram
Falling Action
Rising Action
Resolution or Denouement
Conflict Introduced
Exposition or Introduction
  • The last main element of a story

  • A conflict is a struggle that occurs within the
  • Often stories will have a main conflict and then
    smaller conflicts to overcome
  • The main conflict is what the main character is
    trying to overcome throughout the story.

Why is conflict important?
  • Would Twilight be an interesting book if Edward
    wasnt a vampire and Bella could easily date him?
  • Would the Harry Potter books be fun to read if
    Harry didnt have to struggle trying to kill
    Voldemort in each book?
  • Would The Landlady have been an interesting
    short story if the landlady let Billy Weaver walk
  • Conflict is what makes stories exciting and
    interesting. It keeps us interested in the book
    or story!

4 Main Types of Conflict
  • Man vs. Man When two people/animals/characters
    are in conflict or fighting/struggling with each
  • Example Billy Weaver vs. the landlady (although
    Billy doesnt really realize it until the end)
  • Man vs. Self When the main character is in
    conflict or struggling with her/himself and how
    s/he feels
  • Ex. How often have you struggled with trying to
    decide whether or not to do something? That is
    you struggling with yourself!
  • In the Twilight series, Bella is often struggling
    with trying to decide what is the right thing for

4 Types of Conflict contd
  • Man vs. Society When the main character is in
    conflict with what society says is right or the
    way to go or what the law says.
  • Ex. Have you ever had pressure from your friends
    to do something you know is wrong? That is a man
    vs. society conflict.
  • Ex. Knowing that the speed limit is 65mph but
    wanting really badly to go 80mph because you are
  • Man vs. Nature When the main character is in
    conflict or struggling with the natural world.
  • Ex. Have you ever been on a walk and it started
    to downpour and you still had to get home? You
    were probably pretty upset because you were
    getting soaked but you still had to get home.
    You were in conflict with nature.
  • Ex. Man vs. Wild (the tv show) is a great example
    of man in conflict with nature.

Internal vs. External Conflict
  • The 4 types of conflict fit into 2 different
  • Internal (when a character is struggling
    mentallyits in his/her head)
  • External (when a character is struggling with an
    outside force)
  • In which category does each type of conflict go?
  • Internal man vs. self
  • External man vs. man, man vs. society, man vs.

  • Conflict is necessary to make stories interesting
    and exciting!
  • Conflict is a struggle between at least two
  • Without conflict, STORIES WOULD BE