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Bypassed Atlantic Periphery

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Bypassed Atlantic Periphery ... Anne of Green Gables. Boston: L. C. Page & Co. Famous novel that takes place on Prince Edward Island. Wood, Joseph S. 1997. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Bypassed Atlantic Periphery


1
Bypassed Atlantic Periphery
2
Bypassed East
  • Newfoundland Labrador, northern New England,
    Adirondack region of New York
  • A transportation shadow
  • Slow economic growth
  • Settled early, but became increasingly isolated
  • Relatively few large urban areas

3
Physical Geography
  • Topography
  • Northern extension of the Appalachian Mountains
  • Green Mountains (Vermont)
  • Range to 4,600 ft
  • Ice covered during the Pleistocene
  • White Mountains (New Hampshire)
  • Extend to 6,500 ft
  • Upper slopes rugged and steep
  • Mountains of the Atlantic Provinces
  • lt2,200 ft and well rounded

4
Physical Geography
  • Climate
  • Maritime impact minimized by continental and
    polar air masses (Dfb Dfc)
  • Labrador Current flows southward chilling coastal
    waters
  • Generally, the climate is seldom hot, often cool,
    and usually damp

5
Early Settlers
  • Early 1600s - initial settlers relied upon three
    means to support their livelihood
  • Fishing cod and haddock
  • Timbering, especially focusing on white pine
  • Agriculture, mainly subsistence

6
Agriculture
  • Present Trends
  • lt 10 of New England is farmland
  • Agricultural peaked during the late 1800s farms
    decreased by 66
  • Todays farming is specialized, single crop
    production

7
  • Major Areas and Products
  • Aroostook Valley (NE Maine)
  • Silty loam soils
  • Newest commercial agricultural area
  • Suffers from competition with Idaho and Oregon

8
  • Major Areas and Products
  • Lake Champlain Lowland
  • Serves as a milk shed for the Megalopolis cities
    of Boston and New York

9
  • Major Areas and Products
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Annapolis Valley

Cranberry Farming, Maine
Tulip Farm, Prince Edward Island
10
Major Agricultural Areas
11
Economic Mainstays
  • Forestry
  • Limited role lack reforestation
  • Northern Maine pulpwood
  • Forestry products
  • Northern New Brunswick and Newfoundland pulp and
    paper

12
Economic Mainstays
  • Fishing
  • Inshore more important
  • Nova Scotia leads all provinces in total catch
    each year
  • Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and PEI are 3rd, 4th
    , and 5th
  • Maine lobster industry vitally important to New
    England
  • 70 of the regions total catch

13
Offshore Banks
14
Economic Mainstays
  • Mining
  • Natural gas and oil limited coal in Nova Scotia
  • Plentiful building stone
  • Tourism - a mixed blessing?
  • Summer and Spring hiking, fishing, camping,
    canoeing, and sightseeing
  • Fall foliage
  • Winter skiing and winter sports

15
(No Transcript)
16
Spillovers from Megalopolis
17
Canadian Places on the Periphery
Halifax, Nova Scotia
18
American Places on the Periphery
19
The Future?
20
Discussion Questions
  • The now-bypassed periphery used to be the front
    door to Europe. Can (or should) the Periphery
    return to that past glory?
  • Since the region is basically at the doorstep of
    Megalopolis, might it turn into a place where
    Megalopolis residents take away the Bypassed
    Atlantic Peripherys sense of place?

21
Related Books
  • Irving, John. 1985. The Cider House Rules. New
    York Ballantine.
  • Coming of age novel set in 20th century Maine.
  • Jenkins, Jerry and Andy Keal. 2006. The
    Adirondack Atlas A Geographic Portrait of
    Adirondack Park. Syracuse Syracuse University
    Press.
  • Everything you wanted to know about anything
    Adirondack in concise, one-page essays!
  • Montgomery, Lucy Maud. 1908. Anne of Green
    Gables. Boston L. C. Page Co.
  • Famous novel that takes place on Prince Edward
    Island.
  • Wood, Joseph S. 1997. The New England Village.
    Baltimore The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • A solid historical geography of rural New England.

22
WebSources
  • Nova Scotia Tourism
  • http//novascotia.com/en/home/default.aspx
  • Newfoundland and Labrador Quickfacts
  • http//www.educationcanada.com/facts/index.phtml?s
    idnfa1langeng
  • Native AmericansAlgonquian Language Family
  • http//www.native-languages.org/famalg.htm
  • The Great Stone Face
  • http//www.nh.gov/oldman/
  • Atlas of Canada Maritime Provinces
  • http//atlas.gc.ca/site/english/maps/reference/pro
    vincesterritories/maritimes
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