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Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of Competing Views

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Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of Competing Views The many comings of Jesus past, present, and future Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of Competing Views


1
Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of
Competing Views
  • The many comings of Jesus
  • past, present, and future

2
Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of
Competing Views
  • . . . it was needful for me to write unto you,
    and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend
    for the faith which was once for all delivered
    to the saints.
  • (Jude 3)
  • Heb. 912, 26 1010 1 Pet. 318

3
7 Reasons Why Your E/T View (or Non View) Is So
Vital
  • How much of the Bible is involved?
  • It has been argued that no less than two
  • thirds of the content of the New Testament
  • is concerned directly or indirectly with
    eschatology.
  • R.C. Sproul, A Journey Back in Time,
    Tabletalk, January 1999, 5.

4
The Coming of Jesus
  • Much more relevant, vital, and greater reality
    and hope than most of us have been led to
    believe.
  • Why?
  • Because weve been hamstrung by second coming
    terminology and a mindset.

5
The Second Coming / Return of Jesus Christ?
  • The words return and second coming are not
    properly speaking Biblical words in that the two
    words do not represent any equivalent Greek
    words.
  • George Eldon Ladd,
  • The Blessed Hope, 69.

6
The Second Coming / Return of Jesus Christ?
  • Authentic Christianity does not stand for a
    departed or absent Christabsent the entire
    length of the Christian age!
  • A present and active Christ who never left.
  • He said so!
  • And surely I will be with you always, to until
    the very end of the age (Matt. 2820b)

7
Comparative
  • Lit. Greek KJV (correct)
  • coming cometh
  • again I come come again
  • I come come again
  • go to go to
  • until I come till I come
  • will come shall so come
  • NIV (incorrect)
  • Matt.2446 returns
  • John 143 come back
  • John 1428 coming back
  • John 1628 going back
  • John 2122-23 I return
  • Acts 111 come back

8
This Unraveling Mean?
  • 3) If truth does not reside in a second
    coming or return of Jesus but in the many
    comings of Christpast, present, and futureas He
    remains with us?

9
Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of
Competing Views
  • The many comings of Jesus
  • past, present, and future

10
A Working Definition of a Coming of Jesus
  • A personal and bodily intervention and/or
    manifestation of Jesus into the life of an
    individual, a group, or a nation on this earth.
    There are many different types of comings for
    different purposes, and they occur at different
    times and places. Some are visible appearances
    some are invisible interventions. Some are
    physical (seen, heard, felt) some are spiritual
    (an internal illumination or revelation) and
    some are combinations.

11
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Theophanies ? An appearance, divine visitation,
    or vision of God.
  • no one has ever seen God the Father, but God
    the only Son, who is at the Fathers side, has
    made him known (John 118)
  • Also see 1 John 412 Matt. 66 and with the
    possible exception of Exod. 2410-11 3320
    Deut. 3410 Isa. 11 61 Heb. 1127.

12
OT Comings of Jesus
  • You cannot see my face, for no one may see me
    and live (Exod. 3320).
  • Nor was the Holy Spirit ever seen (John 1417).
  • Comings of the preincarnate Son, Jesus.
  • Non-prophesied comings.

13
OT Comings of Jesus
  • 1) The angel of the Lord receives worship.
  • Regular angels will not.
  • Rev. 228-9 where John falls down to worship at
    the feet of the angel.
  • Do not do it! I am a fellow servant with you
    and with your brothers the prophets and of all
    who keep the words of this book. Worship God!
  • 2) Is called Lord.

14
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Exodus 31-15 Jesus came and appeared to Moses
    in the burning bush.
  • whom the Lord knew face to face (Deut.
    3410)
  • he Moses saw him who is
  • invisible. (Heb. 1127).

15
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Exodus 171-7 Jesus was the rock which Moses
    struck, and from which the life-giving water
    flowed.
  • . . . that rock was Christ (1 Cor. 104)
  • these things occurred as examples (1 Cor.
    106).
  • Exodus. 249-11 The God of Israel appears to
    Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and the seventy
    elders of Israel.

16
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Judges 611-26 Jesus appears to Gideon
    twiceunder an oak and later that night.
  • 2 Chronicles 711-22 Jesus came and appeared to
    Solomon at night.

17
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Daniel 324-27 Jesus came and appeared in the
    fiery furnace with the three young Hebrew friends
    of Daniel.
  • Daniel 101-21 111-2f Jesus appeared to Daniel
    and gave him the prophetic vision and message of
    his chapters 10-12.

18
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Eusebius 4th Century
  • The father of Church history,
  • Second Lord after the Father.
  • Gen.1924 Psa. 1101-4.
  • The Lord says to my Lord Sit at my
    right hand until I make your enemies a
    footstool.
  • See Rom. 834 Eph. 120 Col. 31 Heb. 113
    81 1221 Acts 233-36.
  • Enemies placed under his feet (See 1 Cor.
    1525 Heb. 1013).

19
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Eusebius 4th Century
  • 1) Genesis 181-33
  • Thus the Lord God is said to have appeared as
    an ordinary man to Abraham as he sat by the oak
    of Mamre, yet he worshiped him as God, saying, O
    Lord, judge of all the world, will you not do
    justice? Gen. 1825. Since reason would never
    permit that the immutable essence of the Almighty
    be changed into human form . . . who else could
    be so described as appearing in human form but
    the preexistent Word Jesus, since naming the
    First Cause of the universe God the Father
    would be inappropriate?

20
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Eusebius 4th Century
  • 2) Genesis 3228-29
  • Then too Jacob called the name of that place
    the Vision of God, saying, For I saw God
    face-to-face, and my life was spared.

21
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Eusebius 4th Century
  • 3) Joshua 513-15
  • Joshua too saw him only in human form. For it
    is written When Joshua was at Jericho, he
    looked up and saw a man standing before him with
    a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua approached him
    and said, Are you for us or for our enemies?
    He replied, It is as commander of the Lords
    army that I have come. Then Joshua fell to the
    ground, face downward, and asked, Master, what
    do you command your servant? The commander of
    the Lords army replied, Take off your shoes,
    for the place you stand is holy.

22
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Eusebius 4th Century
  • The words themselves will show you here too
    that this was none other than the one who spoke
    to Moses.

23
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Eusebius 4th Century
  • to suppose that these recorded theophanies were
    appearances of subordinate angles and ministers
    of God cannot be correct, for whenever these
    appear to people, Scripture distinctly declares
    in countless passages that they are called
    angels, not God or Lord.
  • Eusebius, Eusebius The Church History, Book
    1.2, Paul L. Maier, trans. and comm., 24.

24
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Eusebius 4th Century
  • But clearly they knew the Christ of God, since
    he appeared to Abraham . . . spoke to Israel
    Jacob, and conversed with Moses and the later
    prophets as I have shown.
  • Ibid., 31.

25
OT Comings of Jesus
  • whose goings forth have been from of old, from
    everlasting (Mic. 52 KJV).
  • Literal Hebrew is goings out.
  • None were foretold in advance.

26
OT Comings of Jesus
  • Jesus birth in Bethlehem of Judea.
  • The exact location (Micah 52).
  • And exact time (Dan. 924-27)
  • when the time had fully come (Gal. 44).
  • He died at just the right time (Rom. 56).
  • the testimony given in its proper time
  • (1 Tim. 26).
  • Not his first coming, nor his last.

27
NT Comings of Jesus
  • 1 Corinthians 155-8
  • and that He Christ appeared to Peter, and
    then to the Twelve. After that, he appeared to
    more than five hundred of the brothers at the
    same time, most of whom are still living, though
    some have fallen asleep. Then he appeared to
    James, then to all the apostles, and last of all
    he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally
    born.

28
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Acts 13
  • After his suffering, he showed himself to these
    men and gave many convincing proofs that he was
    alive. He appeared to them over a period of
    forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God.

29
NT Comings of Jesus
  • To the two on the road to Emmaus, Then their
    eyes were opened and they recognized him, and he
    disappeared from their sight (Luke 2413-32).
  • To his disciples on the shore as they saw,
    talked, and ate with Him (Luke 2436-49 also
    John 214-14).
  • To his disciples, and Thomas, in the upper room
    when Jesus came and stood among them and talked
    to them (John 2026-29).

30
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Acts 755
  • But Stephen, full of the Holy Spirit, looked up
    to heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus
    standing at the right hand of God.

31
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Acts 94-5
  • He Saul fell to the ground and heard a voice
    say to him, Saul, Saul, why do you persecute
    me? Who are you, Lord? Saul asked. I am
    Jesus, whom you are persecuting. (also see Acts
    2612-16)

32
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Acts 1013-15
  • Then a voice told him, Get up, Peter. Kill
    and eat. Surely not, Lord! Peter replied. I
    have never eaten anything impure or unclean.
    The voice spoke to him a second time, Do not
    call anything impure that God has made clean.

33
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Acts 2217-18
  • When I Paul returned to Jerusalem and was
    praying at the temple, I fell into a trance and
    saw the Lord speaking. Quick! He said to me.
    Leave Jerusalem immediately, because they will
    not accept your testimony about me.

34
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Acts 99-16
  • Lord appeared to Ananias in a vision and gave
    him instructions to go to Saul.
  • Acts 189-11
  • The Lord also spoke to Paul in a vision.

35
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Acts 2311
  • The following night the Lord stood near Paul
    and said, Take courage! As you have testified
    about me in Jerusalem, so you must also testify
    in Rome!

36
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Matthew 171-3
  • After six days Jesus took with him Peter, James
    and John the brother of James, and led them up a
    high mountain by themselves. There he was
    transfigured before them. His face shone like
    the sun, and his clothes became as white as the
    light. Just then there appeared before them
    Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus.

37
NT Comings of Jesus
  • Revelation 117
  • When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though
    dead. Then he placed his right hand on me and
    said Do not be afraid. I am the First and the
    Last.

38
NT Comings of Jesus
  • To Philip (Acts 826).
  • To Cornelius (Acts 101-6).
  • Again to Peter (Acts 127).

39
NT Comings of Jesus
  • None of these NT comings were specifically
    prophesied in terms of time, place, or recipient.
  • Only generally prophesied . . .
  • In a little while you will see me no more, and
    then after a little while you will see me (John
    1616).

40
The Many Comings of Jesus
  • How many so far
  • OT and NT?

41
Many Promised Comings
  • John 141-3
  • Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in
    God trust also in me. In my Fathers house are
    many rooms, if it were not so, I would have told
    you. I am going there to prepare a place for
    you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I
    will come erchomai again not back and take
    you to be with me that you also may be where I
    am.

42
Many Promised Comings
  • John 1418-19
  • I will not leave you as orphans I will come
    erchomai to you. Before long, the world will
    not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because
    I live, you also will live.

43
Many Promised Comings
  • John 1420-21
  • On that day the day I come to you you will
    realize that I am in my Father, and you are in
    me, and I am in you in the spirit.
  • Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is
    the one who loves me. He who loves me will be
    loved by my Father, and I too will love him and
    show or manifest, emphanizo myself to him.

44
Many Promised Comings
  • John 1423
  • . . . If anyone loves me, he will obey my
    teaching. My Father will love him, and we will
    come erchomai to him and make our home with
    him.
  • Also see John 2019-31.

45
Many Promised Comings
  • Acts 19,11
  • After he had said this, he was taken up before
    their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their
    sight . . . . Men of Galilee, they said, why
    do you stand here looking into the sky? This
    same Jesus, who has been taken from you into
    heaven, will come erchomai in the same way you
    have seen him go into heaven.

46
Many Promised Comings
  • Operative phrase is in the same way or in
    like manner.
  • How far do we press this similarity?
  • The emphasis is on the manner of his coming.
  • On how He comes.
  • Erchomaimeans comes or (and) goes
  • It is the general, overall manner.

47
Many Promised Comings
  • You also must be ready, because the Son of Man
    will come at an hour when you do not expect him
    (Luke 1340).

48
Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of
Competing Views
  • The many comings of Jesus
  • past, present, and future

49
Jesus Most Dramatic Prophecy
  • Longest and most problematic teaching.
  • Biggest, baddest, and best coming of all.
  • Not call it Second Coming or Return.
  • Scripture doesnt.
  • On the clouds in judgment within the lifetime
    of his contemporariessupposedly.

50
Jesus Most Dramatic Prophecy
  • Four Versions
  • Matthew 24-25
  • Luke 21
  • Mark 13
  • ???
  • Book of Revelation

51
Jesus Most Dramatic Prophecy
  • A blatant example of bias interpreting.

52
Jesus Most Dramatic Prophecy
  • Next Week
  • Unpack more, much more,
  • of this troublesome prophecy.
  • In Two Weeks
  • The Book of Revelation
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