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Ancient Civilizations

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Title: Ancient Civilizations Author: Michelle Last modified by: Cobb County School District Created Date: 8/20/2007 11:33:08 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Civilizations


1
Ancient Civilizations
  • India, China, Mesoamerica

2
Indus Civilization
  • Developed between 3000-2500 BCE
  • Two largest cities were Harappa and Mohenjo Daro
  • Well planned cities
  • Running water, sewers, and brick buildings
  • Grid pattern
  • Pictographic writing (still undeciphered)
  • Has 400 symbols
  • Traded with Mesopotamia (for olive oil, wool, and
    leather) and Persia (for gold, silver, and copper)

3
End of Indus
  • By 1500 BCE civilization had declined
  • 1500 BCE a Indo-European group, the Aryans,
    overtook India
  • Culture of Aryans blended with the Indians
  • Sanskrit literary language of India
  • Vedas became major books of Hinduism
  • Placed native Indians into inferior class
  • People divided into 4 Varnas and each Varna into
    sub-classes called Jati
  • At the bottom were the Pariahs or Untouchables

Scholars and priests
Rulers and warriors
Professionals
servants
pariahs
4
Huang He Civilization
  • Most isolated of the river valleys
  • Xia (shah) Dynasty
  • first, legendary dynasty
  • Shang Dynasty (1766-1122 BCE)
  • first to leave written records
  • bronze metallurgy
  • Central rule to oversee irrigation and flood
    control
  • Walled citied, elaborate palaces and tombs
  • Writing Oracle Bones
  • Written on bone and used to foretell future

5
Zhou Dynasty
  • 1122-256 BCE, pronounced joe
  • Mandate of Heaven
  • Claimed they overthrew Shang by will of gods
  • Emphasis on veneration of ancestors
  • If you honored family, society would function
    well
  • Iron Metallurgy
  • Laozi and Confucius both lived during Zhou
  • Lost control of western half of empire, last two
    centuries known as era of warring states

Confucius asking Laozi about etiquette
6
Mesoamerica
  • Not a river valley, small rivers and streams near
    ocean
  • Did not have wheel or large animals for labor,
    llama biggest animal
  • Olmecs
  • 1500 BCE settled around Gulf of Mexico
  • Made figurines out of jade and dressed based on
    status
  • Polytheistic
  • Built Colossal Heads
  • Dont know why they declined
  • Chavin, early civilization in the Andes
  • Ceramics, textiles, gold
  • Constructed religious shrines
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