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India part II 1500-500bce

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India part II 1500-500bce The ... Krishna s war poem is the most important of the Upanishads The Ancient Vedic Hymns ... Astrology and Astronomy. Kalpa Rituals ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: India part II 1500-500bce


1
India part II 1500-500bce
  • The mixing of Indo-European Aryans with native
    Dravidian Indians

2
Indo-Europeans (Aryans)
  • Central Asian tribes
  • Nomadic people
  • Great warriors
  • Domesticated the horse
  • Early iron workers

3
Aryan (Indo European) Migration 1800BCE from
Turkinistan through Kyber pass to India
4
Kyber Pass
  • Only land route between middle east and India for
    trade and invasion
  • Still important today India and Pakistan both
    trying to control it

5
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6
Aryan Political System
  • Ruled by a king and local rulers
  • Many City states
  • Brought Horses and advanced weapons to India
    (conquered India)
  • duty of the king was the protection of his
    subjects, property, defense and maintenance of
    peace
  • culture spreads from the Indus to the Ganges
    River
  • Spoke Sanskrit

7
Economy Iron Age begins
  • Small self-sufficient agricultural communities
  • Iron Technology used for
  • farm tools
  • increased food production (rice)
  • Weapons
  • Barter system common

8
Religion
  • Indian gods continue to be worshipped
  • Aryans bring new gods and Scriptures called Vedas
  • Combine to create Hinduism

9
Ayran/Hindu Social Structure
  • Social Structure used by Aryans to control native
    Indians since warriors and priests are top
  • Brahmins warriors, priests
  • Kshatriyas rulers, warriors
  • Vaishyas farmers, merchants, artisans
  • Sudras laborers
  • Dalits (untouchables) unpleasant, polluted
    jobs not directly owned by others.
  • Strict segregation among castes.
  • All based on the tribal concept of the Ayrans
    that people are NOT equal

10
Aryan/Vedic Civilization 1500-500BCE
  • Hindu Vedic Philosophy
  • oldest written texts in India
  • Veda means Knowledge in Sanskrit.
  • Vedas inform and guide Hindus like the Bible
    guides Christians and the Koran guides Muslims

11
Upanishads literally means sitting in front of
  • later Hindu Vedas (often poetic) that teach the
    metaphysical foundations of the Hindu faith
  • Hare (ha-ray) Krishnas war poem is the most
    important of the Upanishads

12
The Ancient Vedic Hymns
  • Rig Veda - Knowledge of Hymns, almost 11,000
    verses
  • There is only one truth, only men describe it in
    different ways.
  • Ayur Veda - Knowledge of Medicine, over 100,000
    verses
  • Yajur Veda - Knowledge of Liturgy, 3,988 verses
  • Sama Veda - Knowledge of Classical Music, 1,549
    verses
  • Upanishads
  • Jyotisha Astrology and Astronomy.
  • Kalpa Rituals and Legal matters.
  • Siksha Phonetics.
  • Aitareya Creation of the Universe, Man and
    Evolution.
  • Kama Sutra - Knowledge of Love and Sex
  • Chandogya Reincarnation, Soul.
  • Kaushitaki Karma.
  • Kena Austerity, Work, and Restraint.
  • Dharnur Veda Science of Archery and War.
  • Mundaka Discipline, Faith and warning of
    Ignorance.

13
Vedic Age ends with Invasions of Darius and
Alexander
14
Alexander
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