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Ancient India Geography and Early Cultures PowerPoint

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The Hindu Kush What landforms cover most of India? ... Ancient India Geography and Early Cultures PowerPoint Author: Beth Last modified by: 00, 00 Created Date: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient India Geography and Early Cultures PowerPoint


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Ancient India Geography and Early Cultures
PowerPoint
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India is so large that it is considered to be a
subcontinent.
  • What is a subcontinent?
  • A large landmass that is smaller than a
    continent.
  • Scientists believe that India crashed into modern
    day Asia when ____________ broke up millions of
    years ago.

5
Indias Mountains and Landforms
  • What mountain range runs along the Northeast
    border of Modern India?
  • The Himalayan Mountains
  • What mountain range runs along the Northwest
    border of Modern India?
  • The Hindu Kush
  • What landforms cover most of India?
  • Fertile plains and Plateaus

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More information
  • What River Valley did Indian civilization
    originate from?
  • The Indus River Valley
  • When heavy snows in the Himalayas melted, the
    Indus River would flood leaving behind a layer of
    silt. This is just like the flooding in
    Mesopotamia and Egypt.
  • What kind of climate does India experience?
  • Hot and Humid

8
Indias First Cities
  • The first Indian civilization was called the
    Harappan
  • 2 major cities were Mohenjo Doro and Harappa
  • They were well planned! Examples
  • Stood near a towering fortress (defenders could
    look down on the cities streets from these
    fortresses)
  • Brick Streets
  • Streets crossed at right angles
  • Many public wells

9
The Aryans
  • They (Harappan) were conquered by the Aryans.
  • At first the Aryans were nomads that took control
    of the river valley. What caused them to create
    permanent settlements?
  • FARMING
  • At first the Aryan settlers did NOT read or
    write.
  • The important poems and hymns in Aryan culture
    had to be memorized. They were called the Vedas.
  • Eventually Sanskrit records were written down.
  • The most important language of Ancient India was
    Sanskrit.
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