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Rome: The Beginning


Title: Origins of Rome Author: vhsetup.user Last modified by: pctech Created Date: 10/31/2006 3:09:58 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rome: The Beginning

Rome The Beginning
  • Foundations the Early Republic

Background Alexanders Empire
  • By 150 C.E. the Hellenistic world in decline
  • Rome growing and gaining strength
  • Rome profoundly impacted by these cultural

Romulus Remus
  • According to the Legend of Romulus and Remus, how
    did Rome begin?
  • Why do you think the myth of the twins was so
    appealing to believe?

The Geography of an Empire
  • Built on seven rolling hills at a curve on the
    Tiber River
  • Near the center of the Italian Peninsula

Livy The Early History of Rome
  • As you read, consider Why was Romes geography
    so important?
  • Not without reason did gods and men choose this
    spot for the site of our city the hills, the
    river to bring us produce from the inland regions
    and sea-borne commerce from abroad, the sea
    itself, near enough for convenience yet not so
    near as to bring danger from foreign fleets, our
    situation in the very heart of Italy all these
    advantages make it of all places in the world the
    best for a city destined to grow great. (29

The First Romans
  • Latins (900-800 century B.C.E)
  • 1st around Rome
  • Palatine Hill
  • Greeks (750-600 B.C.E)
  • Colonize southern Italy Sicily
  • Greek cultural influence
  • Etruscans (900-800 B.C.E.)
  • Native to central northern Italy
  • Current day Tuscany

Roots of Roman Culture
  • Greek Influences
  • Greek Religion
  • Oikos self sufficient household
  • Arete honor as a patriarchal figure
  • Obedience to authority
  • Greek Stoicism influences Roman virtus
    masculinity accepting ones fate
  • Etruscan Influences
  • Alphabet
  • Gladiatorial Games
  • Religious Beliefs
  • Construction of statues for the gods
  • Architecture
  • Marsh drainage

Roman View of the Greeks Etruscans
  • Viewed both as inferior due to the conquering and
    subduing of both
  • Irony?
  • The Romans received many of their cultural values
    from both groups
  • Similarities between Rome and America?
  • Ex Greek values of obedience to authority that
    will be shown in obedience to the Roman state

Rome The Beginning
  • The Early Republic the Punic Wars

The First Romans
  • Etruscan King of Rome (600 B.C.E)
  • Accomplishments
  • Turns villages into a city
  • 1st temples public centers
  • Forum Heart of Roman political life
  • Forum A medium of open discussion. A public
    assembly involving an audience or panel

Patricians vs. Plebeians
  • Wealthy landowners most of the power (7-10)
  • Vs.
  • Farmers, artisans, and merchants majority of
    the population

The Roman Republic
The Twelve Tables
  • Why is a written code of law important to this or
    any civilization?
  • The Twelve Tablets 451 B.C.E.
  • Hung in the Roman Forum
  • Form the basis for Roman law
  • The tablets outline political and social rights
    for the plebeians
  • They establish the idea that all free citizens
    had a right to the protection of the law

Expansion The Mediterranean
  • Romans recognize key to expansion is control of
    the Mediterranean Sea
  • To gain this control, the Romans must defeat the

Hannibal Invades Rome
  • Hannibal Carthaginian General - brilliant
    military strategist who devises a surprise attack
    on Rome
  • Roman General, Scipio, attacks and forces
    Hannibal back to Carthage
  • Victory gives Romans control of the Mediterranean
    Sea https//

The Punic Wars
  • Expansion through Conquest
  • 4th Century Romans dominated central Italy
  • Eventually defeat Etruscans and Greeks
  • By 265 B.C. Romans masters of all Italy and want
    to expand rule
  • Neighboring Latins became full citizens, other
    conquered people enjoyed citizenship but not the
    vote, and others became allies of Rome
  • Expansion through Trade
  • Good access to the Mediterranean
  • Traded Roman wine and olive oil for food, raw
    materials, and manufactured goods
  • Often interfered by other powerful cities such as