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PHYSIOLOGY ANATOMY OF FOWL REPRODUCTIVE TRACT

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physiology anatomy of fowl reproductive tract by : erma safitri physiology & technology of reproduction faculty of veterinary medicine airlangga university-2010 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PHYSIOLOGY ANATOMY OF FOWL REPRODUCTIVE TRACT


1
PHYSIOLOGY ANATOMYOF FOWL REPRODUCTIVE TRACT
By Erma Safitri
PHYSIOLOGY TECHNOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION FACULTY
OF VETERINARY MEDICINE AIRLANGGA UNIVERSITY-2010
2
Unique Anatomy
  • NOT PERFECT but PRODUCE EVERY DAY
  • ONLY TRACT GENITAL OVARY OVIDUCT
  • WITHOUT EKSTERNAL GENITALIA
  • EKSTERNAL ORIFICIUM HAVE MERGED INTO ONE KLOAKA
  • BETWEEN TRAC OF URINE, RECTUM VAGINAE
  • ACTIVITY JUST LEFT PART
  • RIGHT RUDIMENTER B/ MUELLERIAN INHIBITING
    SUBSTANCE
  • RECEPTOR FOR ESTROGEN IN LEFT SIDE MORE

3
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4
Ovarium
Oviduct
Cloaca
5
Anatomy of Female Fowl Genital
6
The Little Chicken
7
1. OVARIUM
  • ONLY LEFT OVARIUM ACTIVE
  • TO HANG LIGAMENTUM MESOVARIUM
  • FUNCTION PRODUCE THE OVUM HORMONE
  • BIG MEASUREMENT FORM THE GROUP CIRCLE WITH
    YELLOW COLOUR FOLICLE
  • F O L I CLE
  • THERE IS 5 - 6 PREOVULATORY FOLICLE
  • ARRANGED AS HIERARCHI FOLICULER
  • RICH OF EGG YELLOW
  • IS CALLED EGG YOLK YOLK
  • THERE ISNT ANTRUM
  • DIDNT CONSIST OF LIQUOR FOLICULI
  • LIMITED BY GRANULOSA CELL, THEKA INTERNA
    EXTERNA MAMMALIA
  • EVERY FOLICLE CONSIST OF A BIG OVUM B/ COVERED BY
    EGG YOLK SACK

8
Hierarchi Folicular
OVARIUM
Folicle Immature
9
OOGENESIS procces of Ovum formed from
Oosit since pubertas b/ influence of FSH
LH
FOLICULOGENESIS proliferation folicle
procces ? Egg Yolk (EY)
  • 3 Phase
  • Slow Proliferation for several months several
    years,
  • ? Fol
    0,05 1 mm
  • 2. Speed Proliferation 2 months , ? Fol 1 6
    mm,
  • EY
    Depotition
  • 3. Very speed proliferation 8-10 Days, ? Fol
    8 37 mm,
  • EY Lipid
    Depotition

10
Little Chicken in Action
11
2. OVIDUK
A. FUNNEL/ INFUNDIBULUM Fertilisation, Form of
Kalazae
B. MAGNUM Albuminitation (2,5-3 hours)
Kel. Tubuler Ovotransverin/Conalbumin
Ovomucoid
Uniseluler/ Epitelia Avidin
C. ISTHMUS Inner Outer Membrane (1
hour,Ovokeratin)
D. UTERUS/ SHELL GLAND (20 hours) Shell,
Porfirin
E. VAGINA Mukus/ Cuticle
12
Affraid
His Father
13
  • FUNNEL / INFUNDIBULUM
  • Consist of FIMBRAE/ funnel for
  • catch of OVUM
  • If FAILED ABSORBTED BY ABDOMEN
  • PLACE OF FERTILIZATION
  • KALAZAE FORMED

14
  • B. MAGNUM
  • LONGEST PART 40 CM
  • WHITE COLOUR
  • ALBUMINATION PROCCES 2,5 3 Hours
  • Egg Rotation b/ Musculus Peristaltik
  • Consist 2 Types Gland
  • TUBULER Produce of Ovomucoid
  • Ovotransverin (Conalbumin)
  • 2. UNISELULER/ EPITHELIA Avidin Synthesa

15
C. ISTHMUS Connected between Magnum
Uteryn Long 12 cm Restriction with
Magnum ? Clear ? MAGNUM-ISTMUS JUNCTION
Formed Shell Membrane (INNER OUTER
SHELL MEMBRANE) with Base Matter is
OVOKERATIN Time 1 hour
16
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17
D. UTERYN / SHELL GLAND The most Wide
Thin wall folded Long 12 CM
Musculus SPINCTER in terminal Procces
Formed Egg shell/ hard shell Time 20
hours Epithel Secretion PORFIRIN
caused different colour of
egg shell Different function with Mammal
Rotate appropriate with axis Kalazae spiral
formed
18
Egg Shell in Uteryn
19
E. VAGINA The most Short Time
Short (1 hour) Shell egg covered of Mucus/
Cuticle Function of Mukus Preventive of
of Bacteria invation ? can reduce Have
not Role in procces Egg Formed There is
Spermanest
20
Procces Egg Formed
21
SPERMA NEST
Kel. Sperma Utero Vaginal Uterovaginal
Sperm Gland Mucosa fold in Vagina
Consist of Epithel Columnar Shell Goblet
cell as Sperm Bank Only Normal
Health Sperm that is entry
Sperm cell in Female Genital Capable life in
female genital 4 32 days Sperm can go out from
Spermanest When become Ovulation support
by oviduct Motilitation Magnum Liquid
defended motilization of sperm
22
Physiology of ? Reproductive
Organ Havent Cycle Reproductive
system Called Irama Bertelur In a
series 6-7 granule then Lay Egg Rest -
for 1- seveal days Egg Formed
25 26 Hours
Following of Ovulation 30 60
Second
After Ovipotition
23
ENDOKRINE SYSTEM AS BASE OF REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
Gonadotrophine Folicle Proliveration
Ovulation (Directly) Role of Egg
Formed (Indirectly) Steroid E2, P4, T4
(Highest on 6 hours before Ovulation) ?
E2 As Preparing of ? to Accepted ? Ovariektomy
Pressed All of Aspect sexual behavior of ? ?
(Stud) Sex behavior didnt depend change of
hormone Castration in PraPubertas Dissapear
Sex Behavior Castration in Pubertas Change of
Sex Activity Slowly Dissapear
24
INHIBITION efect
DOMINANT ? INHIBITED OF ESTROUS ANOTHER?
Prolactin
LEE-BOOT EFECT
25
Endokrin pada Fase Bertelur
SHINE Retina Hipothalamus
GnRH
Gland Pinealis
Hipofisa Anterior
Melatonin
FSH
LH
?

Ovarium
E2
P4?
Proliferation of Genital Feminisme Mobilitation
of Ca, Vit, Lipid Relaxation Os Pelvis Vent
26
Peace
27
FORMED OF SHELL
High Term
Panting
Base of Matter Ca Karbonat
Evaporation
Main Source of Ion Bikarbonat CO2H2OEnz
Karbonic Anhidrase
Egg with Thin Shell
28
FERTILITATION PROLIFERATION
Fertilitation Fowl Sperm need more long time
for Capasitation Capable for 32 days
Sperm saved in Spermanest When Ovulation
Oviduct Strechted for facilitate of
Fertilisation Fertilitation Become on
the Germinal Disc Yolk After 48 Hours Blood
Sirkulation Formed
(Without Placenta)
29
At the end of Third Days
Formed 3 Membran CHORION ALLANTOIS waste
product AMNION (Fs.MembrRESPIRATORY)
All of Embryo have Formed Internal System
lung, Nervous, Muscle Sensori System Amnion
Liquid Main for free motil At 3 4 days that
is Critis Phase The Egg must arrounded
several times for prevent to Embryo Adhesion
Genital Specific At 15 days Growing
Feather of Chicken At the Middle
Incubation
Phase
30
Ovipotition Placement of Egg Become after
perfect formed egg that is 24-26 hours after
Ovulation
Hormonal Contraction of shall Gland
Hipofisa Post Oksitosin Prostaglandin
PGF2 PGE (PGE 12)
31
Ovipotition Mechanisme
ESTROGEN
CONTRACTION OF SHELL GLAND
HIPOFISA POSTERIOR
OKSITOCYN
SHELL GLAND
PROSTAGLANDIN PGF2 PGE (PGE1 2)
32
Procces of an Egg Formed
33
Accros of Egg with the embryo
34
Accross of Egg without embryo
35
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36
Inkubation of Embryo
37
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38
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39
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40
Anatomy Physiology of Rerpod.Tract
Testes
Reproduction
Endocrinology
Testosteron
Semen
Ovum Activated
Libido
41
Anatomy of Female Fowl Reprod.Tract
Anatomy of Male Fowl Reprod.Tract
42
Reproduction Tract (Secunder Organs)
Rete Testes Ductus Efferent Epidydimis Ductus
Defferent Bul bus Kloaca Penis Rudimenter
Papilla (Kopulation Organ) KEL. ASCESORIS Not
Proliferation
43
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44
THANK YOU
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