This information is important because it will raise your level of awareness and understanding about your physical body. It is imperative that you learn the changes you can expect to experience from menarche to menopause as you live with your female - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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This information is important because it will raise your level of awareness and understanding about your physical body. It is imperative that you learn the changes you can expect to experience from menarche to menopause as you live with your female

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FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM This information is important because it will raise your level of awareness and understanding about your physical body. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: This information is important because it will raise your level of awareness and understanding about your physical body. It is imperative that you learn the changes you can expect to experience from menarche to menopause as you live with your female


1
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
  • This information is important because it will
    raise your level of awareness and understanding
    about your physical body. It is imperative that
    you learn the changes you can expect to
    experience from menarche to menopause as you live
    with your female reproductive system

2
Female Reproductive Structures
  • DO NOW
  • Define Reproductive System
  • List as many Reproductive Structures in the
    female body as you can

3
EXTERNAL GENTILIA
  • The vulva refers to those parts that are
    outwardly visible
  • The vulva includes
  • Mons pubis
  • Labia majora
  • Labia minora
  • Clitoris
  • Urethral opening
  • Vaginal opening
  • Perineum
  • Individual differences in
  • Size
  • Coloration
  • Shape
  • Of external gentalia are common

4
MONS PUBIS
  • The triangular mound of fatty tissue that covers
    the pubic bone
  • It protects the pubic symphysis
  • During adolescence sex hormones trigger the
    growth of pubic hair on the mons pubis
  • Hair varies in coarseness curliness, amount,
    color and thickness

5
External organs
  • Labia Majora
  • Referred to as the outer lips
  • They have a darker pigmentation
  • The Labia Majora
  • Protect the introitus and urethral openings
  • Become flaccid with age and after childbirth
  • Labia Manora
  • Referred to as the inner lips
  • Made up of erectile, connective tissue that
    darkens and swells during sexual arousal

6
CLITORIS
  • Highly sensitive organ composed of nerves, blood
    vessels, and erectile tissue
  • It is made up of a shaft and a glans
  • Becomes engorged with blood during sexual
    stimulation
  • Key to sexual pleasure for most women
  • Urethral opening is located directly below
    clitoris

7
VAGINAL OPENINGINTROITUS
  • Opening may be covered by a thin sheath called
    the hymen
  • Using the presence of an intact hymen for
    determining virginity is erroneous
  • Some women are born without hymens

8
PERINEUM
  • The perinium contains an abundance of nerve
    endings that make it sensitive to touch
  • An episiotomy is an incision of the perineum used
    during childbirth for widening the vaginal opening

9
INTERNAL GENITALIA
  • The internal genitalia consists of the
  • Vagina
  • Cervix
  • Uterus
  • Fallopian Tubes
  • Ovaries

10
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11
FEMALE Reproductive System
12
VAGINA
  • The vagina connects the cervix to the external
    genitals
  • It is located between the bladder and rectum
  • It functions
  • As a passageway for the menstrual flow
  • For uterine secretions to pass down through the
    introitus
  • As the birth canal during labor
  • With the help of two Bartholins glands becomes
    lubricated during sexual intercourse.

13
CERVIX
  • The cervix connects the uterus to the vagina
  • The cervical opening to the vagina is small
  • This acts as a safety precaution against foreign
    bodies entering the uterus
  • During childbirth, the cervix dilates to
    accommodate the passage of the fetus
  • This dilation is a sign that labor has begun

14
UTERUS
  • Commonly referred to as the womb
  • A pear shaped organ about the size of a clenched
    fist
  • It is made up of the endometrium, myometrium and
    perimetrium
  • Consists of blood-enriched tissue that sloughs
    off each month during menstrual cycle
  • The powerful muscles of the uterus expand to
    accommodate a growing fetus and push it through
    the birth canal

15
FALLOPIAN TUBES
  • Serve as a pathway for the ovum to the uterus
  • Are the site of fertilization by the male sperm
  • Often referred to as the oviducts or uterine
    tubes
  • Fertilized egg takes approximately 6 to 10 days
    to travel through the fallopian tube to implant
    in the uterine lining

16
OVARIES
  • The female gonads or sex glands
  • They develop and expel an ovum each month
  • A woman is born with approximately 400,000
    immature eggs called follicles
  • During a lifetime a woman release _at_ 400 to 500
    fully matured eggs for fertilization
  • The follicles in the ovaries produce the female
    sex hormones, progesterone and estrogen
  • These hormones prepare the uterus for
    implantation of the fertilized egg

17
BREASTS
  • Organs of sexual arousal
  • Contain mammary glands consisting of connective
    tissue that serves as support
  • Each breast contain 15-25 clusters called lobes
  • Breast size is determined primarily by heredity
  • Size also depends on the existing fat and
    glandular tissue
  • Breasts may exhibit cyclical changes, including
    increased swelling and tenderness prior to
    menstruation
  • Benign breast changes refer to fibrocystic
    disease
  • Lumps or masses that are noncancerous

18
Break
19
MENSTRUATION
  • Menarch, the onset of menstruation signals the
    bodily changes that transform a female body
  • Average age is 12.8
  • Amount of bleeding varies from woman to woman
  • Expulsion of blood clots
  • Blood color can vary from bright red to dark
    maroon
  • Usually occurs every 25 to 32 days
  • Women can experience fluid retention, cramping,
    mood swings, weight gain, breast tenderness,
    diarrhea, and constipation

20
The PeriodMenstrual Cycle
21
Problems related to Menstruation
  • PMS pre menstrual syndrome
  • Caused by hormonal changes
  • 2 weeks before menstruation
  • Symptoms include
  • Tension
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Bloating
  • Depression
  • Mood swings

22
DYSMENORRHEA(Menstrual Cramps)
  • Painful menstrual cramps
  • Painful menses without evidence of a physical
    abnormality
  • Believed to be normal body response to uterine
    contractions
  • Other symptoms
  • Nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal disturbances,
    and fainting
  • Prostaglandins cause forceful, frequent uterine
    contractions called cramps

23
Toxic Shock Syndrome
  • TSS rare but serious bacterial infection
  • Affects immune system and liver can be fatal
  • Symptoms include
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Sunburn like rash
  • Dizziness
  • Muscle aches

24
Problems related to infertility
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease PID
  • Infection of fallopian tubes, ovaries and
    surrounding areas of pelvis
  • Damages reproductive organs
  • Usually caused by STDs

25
ENDOMETRIOSIS
  • Common cause of dysmennorrhea, and infertility
  • Endometrium fragments and lodges in other parts
    of the pelvic cavity
  • Causes inflammation, bleeding, and scarring
  • Causes are still being studied
  • Treated through hormonal therapy, or major
    surgical management

26
Other Reproductive Disorders
  • Vaginitis bacterial infection
  • Most common in childbearing age
  • Symptoms
  • Discharge
  • Odor
  • Pain
  • Itching
  • Burning
  • If not treated can become PID

27
Other Reproductive Disorders
  • Blocked Fallopian tube
  • Leading cause of infertility
  • Resulting from
  • PID
  • Abdominal surgery
  • STDs
  • Endometriosis

28
Other Reproductive Disorders
  • Cervical, Uterine, ovarian Cancer-
  • Early sexual activity and STDs are related to an
    increase incidence of cervical cancer
  • Regular check ups and exams are important for
    early detection
  • Ovarian cyst- fluid filled sacks on the ovary
  • Appear on their own
  • Larger cyst may require surgery
  • Small and non cancerous
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