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The American Revolution

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Title: The American Revolution


1
The American Revolution
2
Are You a Loyalist or Patriot?YOU DECIDE
3
Theres a New School In Town
  • Westside High School
  • All school rules will apply PLUS
  • Any referral will result in a 100.00 fine (tax).
  • Any D or F gained in a class will require
    Saturday school AND summer school plus a fine of
    25 per D or F PER semester.
  • Paper fee/tax for papers
  • Cell phones and iPods will be confiscated and
    crushed.
  • One fight will result in immediate expulsion
  • Anderson Democratic Charter High School
  • Student will vote on new school policies.
  • Students will not be fined for Ds or Fs.
  • There will be no AP or honors courses.
  • There will be no sports programs.

4
ROLE Loyal New School WHY??
Athlete scholarship potential
Top 10 of Class
Average Student No extracurriculars
Good student Mom is on the School Board
Rebel many referrals
Class President
5
I. Loyalist or Patriot?
6
Loyalist or Patriot?
  • Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace-- but there is
    no peace. The war is actually begun! The next
    gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our
    ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren
    are already in the field! Why stand we here idle?
    What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they
    have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to
    be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?
    Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course
    others may take but as for me, give me liberty
    or give me death!
  • (P. Henry)

7
Loyalist or Patriot?
  • "If I must be enslaved, let it be by a KING at
    least, and not by a parcel of upstart, lawless
    Committeemen. If I must be devoured, let me be
    devoured by the jaws of a lion, and not gnawed to
    death by rats and vermine". (S. Seabury)

8
ROLE PATRIOT? LOYALIST?
FARMER
ROYAL GOVERNOR
MERCHANT
BLACKSMITH
TAX COLLECTOR
SLAVE
9
II. The Road to War
  • Terms to Know
  • Minutemen a small hand-picked elite force which
    were required to be highly mobile and able to
    assemble quickly. Usually about one quarter of
    the militia served as Minutemen, performing
    additional duties as such. The Minutemen were the
    first armed militia to arrive or await a battle.
  • Militia men in arms formed to protect their
    towns from foreign invasion.

10
Terms to Knowcontinued
  • Sons of Liberty formed to protect the rights of
    the colonists, radicals, secret society, headed
    by Samuel Adams The Father of Independence

11
II. The Road to War
  • 1754-1763 The French and Indian War
  • Cost Great Britain a lot of money, they amassed a
    huge debt
  • 1764 The Sugar Act
  • Britain taxed the colonist when they imported
    sugar or molasses
  • 1765 The Stamp Act
  • Britain taxed the colonist for printed
    documentsmagazines, legal documents, newspapers,
    etc

12
II. The Road to War
  • 1765 The Quartering Act
  • The Kings troops/military could be quartered in
    colonists homes
  • 1770 Boston Massacre
  • British soldiers killed unarmed civilians in
    Boston
  • The Boston Massacre
  • 1773 The Tea Act
  • Britain taxed the colonist for imported tea

13
II. The Road to War
  • 1773 The Boston Tea Party
  • Sons of Liberty and Samuel Adams throw cartons of
    Britains tea into the Boston Harbor
  • 1774 March-June The Intolerable Acts issued
  • Boston Port Act, Administration of Justice Act,
    Massachusetts Government Act, Quartering Act of
    1774, Quebec Act
  • 1774 Sept-October First Continental Congress
  • Delegates met to discuss grievances, decided to
    stop using British goods

14
II. The Road to War
  • 1775 Lexington and Concord
  • Shot heard round the world
  • Minutemen and Red Coats fight in Massachusetts

1776 July 8 The Declaration of Independence is
read publicly Voting and Reading of the DOI
NO TURNING BACKFULL BLOWN WAR
15
A. The Declaration of Independence
  • Author Thomas Jefferson
  • Inspirations John Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, and
    other philosophes
  • Locke declared that people have a right to rebel
    against an unjust ruler
  • Reason King George III refused to give the
    colonists the same rights as the people in
    Britain (No taxation without representation!)

16
Puzzle HandoutDeclaration of Independence and
the Boston Tea Party
17
II. Key Things to Know about the American
Revolution
  • A. The Basics
  • United States fighting for freedom FROM
    __________________?
  • Main military leader of the US?
  • Leader of England?

18
B. Notable People Fighting for American Freedom
  • a. Daniel Morgan
  • Morgans Riflemen and guerilla warfare
  • Tactics Kill the Indian guides and pick off the
    officers
  • Created chaos in the British military

19
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20
B. Notable People Fighting for American Freedom
  • b. Thomas Sumter
  • The Gamecock or Carolina Gamecock
  • Small man but incredibly fierce fighter (hence
    the nickname)
  • He will give oath not to fight (after British
    capture of Charleston) changes his mind after his
    home is burnt down by Banastre Tarletons troops

21
B. Notable People Fighting for American Freedom
  • c. Andrew Pickens
  • At the Battle of Cowpens, Brig. General Daniel
    Morgan gave Pickens command of the militia, which
    played a key role in the battle. On the evening
    of January 16, Morgan personally instructed the
    militia to hold its ground while firing two
    rounds and then retreat. On the morning of
    January 17, Pickens and the militia carried out
    the plan perfectly, which led Lt. Colonel
    Banastre Tarleton and British to believe that the
    militia was fleeing. The British blindly charged
    ahead and were drawn into a double flanking and
    soundly defeated.

22
B. Notable People Fighting for American Freedom
  • d. Francis Marion
  • sly, used swamps to escape the British
  • Guerilla warfare
  • Swamp Fox
  • Tarleton--as for this damned old fox, the Devil
    himself could not catch him.

23
C. Notable People Fighting AGAINST American
Freedom(on Englands side)
  • a. Bloody Ban (Banastre Tarleton)
  • Known for his ruthlessnessdubbed this by the
    American patriot colonists (England today still
    claims hes not nearly as ruthless as the
    colonists claimed)
  • Men were known as Tarletons Raiders or the Green
    Dragoons (because of their green uniforms)

24
C. Notable People Fighting AGAINST American
Freedom(on Englands side)
  • b. Charles Cornwallis
  • Leader (officer) of British Army
  • Embarrassed by his defeat when he was forced to
    surrender at Yorktown
  • So embarrassed, had another officer bring his
    sword (symbol of surrender)
  • French had blockaded Yorktown Harbor, so
    Cornwallis and his men could not escape to the
    ocean

25
The American Revolution Clips
  1. No More King!

26
III. Forming of a Government Terms
  • Framer One of the people who wrote the U.S.
    Constitution
  • Confederation loose alliance of states
  • Constitution The law of the United States,
    framed in 1787, ratified in 1789, and variously
    amended since then
  • Amend to change for the better, improve
  • Ratify to sign or give formal consent, to make
    valid

27
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28
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29
Outcome of the Warand the Forming of an
American Government
  • REFER TO PAIRING ACTIVITY
  • )

30
Answers
  • 1. In 1781, a constitution known as the
    ____________________________________________ was
    created. This established the USA as a republic.
    What is a republic?
  • Articles of Confederation
  • Republic government where citizens rule through
    elected representatives

31
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32
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33
  • 2. This new national government was
    ______________ not strong. The US did not
    originally follow checks and balances and only
    had one branch of government, the
    _______________. They left out the executive and
    ________________ branches. This was flawed
    because each state had only representative no
    matter what the size of the state. Passing laws
    was also super difficult and required _________
    of ________ votes.
  • Weak
  • Congress
  • Judicial
  • 9 of 13

34
  • 3. Under the Articles of Confederation, the
    Congress could do what three things?
  • Declare war, enter into treaties and coin money
  • 4. What two things could it not do?
  • Collect taxes or regulate trade

35
  • 5. Finally, seeing the Articles needed revision
    and the national government should be stronger,
    Congress approved a ____________ so that the
    Articles of Confederation could be revised.
  • Constitutional Convention
  • 6. Whose political theories were these delegates
    familiar with?
  • Locke, Montesquieu and Rousseau

36
  • 7. Four months of debating would pass, but using
    political ideas of the ________, they finally
    created a new system of government and created
    the Constitution of the United States. Like
    _________, they distrusted a strong __________
    government controlled by one person or one group
    of persons. Because of this they created ______
    separate branches. What were these branches?
  • Enlightenment
  • Montesquieu
  • Central
  • Three
  • Legislative, executive, judicial

37
  • 8. Because of the three branches, what was also
    instituted as a result?
  • Checks and balances
  • 9. What is a federal system of government?
  • Power is divided between national and state
    governments
  • Breaking News--Constitutional Convention OVER

38
  • 10. In order for the Constitution to become law
    ____ of 13 states had to approve. This was
    problematic because ________ feared that the
    Constitution gave the central government too much
    power. They felt that a bill of __________ would
    help protect the rights of ___________.
    Federalists supported the ____________ and felt
    the new government would bring better balance
    between national and state powers, but they
    promised to add a ________ to the Constitution.
  • 9
  • Antifederalists
  • Rights
  • Individual citizens
  • Bill of Rights

39
  • 11. What is the name of the first 10 amendments
    of the Constitution?
  • Bill of Rights
  • 12. What are some of the rights provided by these
    first 10 amendments?
  • Freedom of speech, press, assembly and religion
  • 13. These rights were advocated by which
    Enlightenment thinkers?
  • Voltaire, Rousseau and Locke

40
IV. The Bill of Rights
  • Amendment 1 Freedom of speech, press, religion,
    and assembly/petition
  • Amendment 2 Right to bear arms
  • Amendment 3 No quartering of troops in homes
  • Amendment 4 No unreasonable searches or seizures
  • Amendment 5 Right to due process of law, freedom
    from double jeopardy.
  • Amendment 6 Right to a speedy public trial and
    witnesses
  • Amendment 7 Right to trial by jury in civil
    cases
  • Amendment 8 Freedom from excessive bail and
    cruel and unusual punishment
  • Amendment 9 Citizens have other rights not
    listed in the Constitution and they will not be
    restricted
  • Amendment 10 Power is reserved to the states
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