Aim: How does the media influence American government and politics? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Aim: How does the media influence American government and politics?

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Title: Aim: How does the media influence American government and politics? Author: CAROLYN FAGGIOI Last modified by: cfaggioni Created Date: 12/19/2007 12:33:06 AM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aim: How does the media influence American government and politics?


1
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • WHAT ARE YOUR PRIMARY NEWS SOURCES?
  • DO YOU GET NEWS ON A DAILY BASIS?

2
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • What are the five phases in journalistic history?
  • Party press
  • Popular press
  • Magazines of opinion
  • Electronic journalism
  • The internet (and beyond)

3
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • How is it difficult for elected officials to gain
    access to the electronic media (radio, TV)?
  • What about the President?
  • How is media coverage the double-edge sword of
    American politics?
  • Why has media coverage of politics contributed to
    the decline of political parties over the last
    few decades?

4
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • STRUCTURE OF MEDIA
  • How competitive is todays media?
  • Newspapers/print
  • Radio/TV
  • How regulated?
  • Print media?
  • TV/radio?

5
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6
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7
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • STRUCTURE OF MEDIA
  • How has increased competition in TV influenced
    political news coverage?
  • What constitutes the National media?

8
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • STRUCTURE OF MEDIA
  • Why is the existence of a national press
    important?
  • How does the press act as a gatekeeper,
    scorekeeper, watchdog?
  • How has the scorekeeper role influenced
    elections and campaigns in the U.S.?
  • Has the media gone too far in its watchdog
    role? Explain.

9
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • What rules govern media?
  • Newspaper v. electronic media
  • Libel, obscenity, incitement
  • Radio, TV licensed and regulated

10
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • What is the right of confidentiality?
  • Is it an actual right? Should it be?

11
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • Rules Governing Media and Campaigning
  • Equal-time rule
  • Right-of-reply rule
  • Political editorializing
  • Fairness doctrine

12
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • How does the media affect politics?
  • Definite influence on how we see issues
  • What issues we cite as important, how we
    attribute responsibility, policy preferences
  • How large is that effect?
  • Dont know not enough scholarly research
  • BUT, it has changed the way politics works
  • Campaigns
  • Role of political parties
  • How does the media influence election outcomes?
  • Presidential races?/local races?

13
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • What is selective attention? (look around the
    room) How does it limit the impact media
    coverage has on public opinion?
  • When a broadcaster makes commentary how big of
    an impact does it have on you?
  • What about election outcomes? (Presidential?/local
    ?)

14
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • Do local newspapers more often endorse Republican
    or Democratic candidates for the Presidency?
  • Are journalists more liberal than the public at
    large?
  • SEE POLLING DATA

15
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16
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • The National Media (Media elite) is decidedly
    more liberal than the American public.
  • Does this mean that news stories are slanted?
  • What are the differences between routine stories,
    feature stories, and insider stories?

17
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • What factors offset the liberalism of the
    National Media in reporting political news?
    (What might keep the liberalism in check?)
  • If most reporters hold liberal views, why hasnt
    the American public become more liberal?
  • Could reporters alter public opinion if they
    tried?

18
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • Sohow should political news be interpreted?
    (credibility and bias)
  • Who sees bigger differences between candidates
    newspaper readers or TV viewers? Explain.
  • Media has major effect on how politics in
    conducted (specifically elections and campaigns).
    PROVIDE EXAMPLES candidates use of media
    media coverage of elections/campaigns

19
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • Government and News
  • Shaping public opinion
  • Prominence of President
  • Coverage of Congress

20
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • Why is our government among the leakiest in the
    world?
  • Constitutional arrangement
  • No Official Secrets Act (like G.B.)
  • Adversarial press less likely to accept word of
    elected official
  • Look for real story, hence leaks

21
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • Why so much sensationalism in the news?
  • How has the rise of cynical reporting affected
    public perception of the media?
  • What has happened to the public perception of the
    accuracy of the media?
  • What has happened to public trust of the media?
  • What factors do you believe have contributed to
    these trends?

22
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23
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24
Aim How does the media influence American
government and politics?
  • What constraints does the government have on
    journalists?
  • Risks alienate sources v. becoming their
    mouthpiece
  • Government tools to fight back
  • Numerous press officers in legislative and
    executive branches
  • Press releases canned news
  • Leaks to favorite reporters
  • Go local
  • President rewards and punishes members of press
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