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Verb Tenses

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Verb Tenses Verb Tenses The principal parts of verbs are the present, present participle, past, past participle, and future. Verb Tenses The tense of a verb indicates ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Verb Tenses


1
Verb Tenses
2
Verb Tenses
  • The principal parts of verbs are the present,
    present participle, past, past participle, and
    future.

3
Verb Tenses
  • The tense of a verb indicates the time of the
    action or state of being expressed by the verb.

4
Present Tense
  • Present Tense indicates an action in the present.
  • Examples
  • Now the class begins.
  • She walks to class.

5
Present Participle
  • Participles are used with a helping verb in front
    (am, is, are, was, were)
  • The present participle is usually formed by
    adding ing to the present form.
  • Jumping, walking
  • Most verbs that end in e drop the e before
    adding the ing.
  • Hope ? Hoping
  • Some verbs double the final consonant before
    adding ing.
  • Hug ? Hugging

6
Past
  • The past tense indicates an action that occurred
    in the past.
  • The past tense is usually formed by adding d or
    ed to the present form.
  • Example We wanted to see the show.

7
Past Participles
  • Participles are formed with a helping verb in
    front of it (have, had, has)
  • Past participles can be used an adjective or
    modifier.
  • The past participle of regular verbs is formed by
    adding d or ed to the present form.
  • Example Since the dishes were washed, we left
    the kitchen.

8
Practice
  • Page 221 Exercise 1

9
Future
  • The future tense indicates an action in the
    future.
  • In the future tense the word will is used with
    the verb. Sometimes shall is used when the
    pronoun I or we is the subject.
  • Examples
  • He will go to school tomorrow.
  • Susan will cook spaghetti tonight.

10
Irregular Verbs
  • An irregular verb forms its past and past
    participle some other way than adding d or ed
    to the end of the verb.
  • There are many irregular verbs (about 250).

11
Common Irregular Verbs
  • Finish the table in your notes by using the chart
    in your textbook. (Page 223-226)

Present Present Participle Past Past Participle
Be Is Was, were been
Drink Drinking Drank Drunk
Eat Eating Ate Eaten
See Seeing Saw Seen
Swim Swimming Swam Swum
12
Practice
  • Page 224 Exercise 2
  • Page 227 Exercise 3

13
Verb Tense
  • The tense of a verb tells when it is happening.
    (past, present and future)

14
IMPORTANT
  • Do NOT change needlessly from one tense to
    another. Tenses should remain consistent.
  • Example
  • Inconsistent When we go to the movies, we bought
    some popcorn.
  • Consistent When we go to the movies, we buy some
    popcorn.
  • Consistent When we went to the movies, we bought
    some popcorn.

15
Practice
  • Page 232 Exercise 4

16
  • Page 228 Review A
  • Page 229 Review B

17
Sit / Set
  • Sit to be seated
  • Set to put something somewhere

Base Present Participle Past Past Participle
Sit Sitting Sat (have) sat
Set Setting Set (have) set
18
Sit / Set
  • Examples (write the sentence and fill in the
    blank with the correct word)
  • I am ________ at my desk.
  • I have _______ all morning.
  • I am ________ my pencil on my desk.
  • I have _______ my pencil on my desk.

19
Sit / Set
  • Examples (write the sentence and fill in the
    blank with the correct word)
  • I am sitting at my desk.
  • I have sat all morning.
  • I am setting my pencil on my desk.
  • I have set my pencil on my desk

20
Practice
  • Page 235 Exercise 6

21
Rise / Raise
  • Rise to go up
  • Raise to lift something up

Base Present Participle Past Past Participle
Rise (is) rising Rose (have) risen
Raise Raising Raised (have) raised
22
Rise / Raise
  • Examples (write the sentence and fill in the
    blank with the correct word)
  • I am ________ from my desk.
  • I _______ from my desk.
  • I have ______ from my desk.
  • I am ________ my hand.
  • I have _______ my hand.

23
Rise / Raise
  • Examples (write the sentence and fill in the
    blank with the correct word)
  • I am rising from my desk.
  • I rise from my desk.
  • I have risen from my desk.
  • I am raising my hand.
  • I have raised my hand.

24
Practice
  • Page 236 Exercise 7

25
Lie / Lay
  • Lie to recline
  • Lay to put something down

Base Present Participle Past Past Participle
Lie (is) lying Lay (have) lain
Lay (is) laying Laid (have) laid
26
Practice
  1. Grandma is (lying, laying) down.
  2. I should go (lie, lay) down, too.
  3. The silverware is (lying, laying) on the table.
  4. I dont know where I (lay, laid) my keys.
  5. I should have (lain, laid) them on the table.
  6. I should have (lain, laid) down an hour ago.

27
Practice
  • Page 238 Exercise 8
  • Page 239 Review C
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