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REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013

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REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013 S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013


1
REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013S
DISASTERS PART 2 TYPHOONS
  • Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster
    Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA 

2
SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN DEVASTATES THE PHILIPPINES
NOVEMBER 8-10, 2013
3
HAIYAN REACHED THE PHILIPPINES FRIDAY, NOV. 8
4
LANDFALL ON FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 8
5
CAUSES OF RISK
WIND AND WATER PENETRATE BUILDING ENVELOPE
UPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM
FLYING DEBRIS PENETRATES WINDOWS
STORM SURGE
TYPHOONS
HEAVY PRECIPITATION
CASE HISTORIES
FLASH FLOODING (MUDFLOWS)
LANDSLIDES (MUDFLOWS)
6
ONCE AGAIN, 2013S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT
IT USUALLY TAKES MULTIPLE DISASTERS BEFORE THE
STRICKEN NATION ADOPTS POLICIES TO BECOME
DISASTER RESILIENT
  • MOST UNAFFECTED NATIONS USUALLY DONT LEARN
    ANYTHING NEW AND DONT CHANGE EXISTING POLICIES

7
A FLAWED PREMISE ONE TYPHOON DISASTER ANYWHERE
SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO MAKE ANY NATION SUSCEPTIBLE
TO TYPHOONS ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES THAT
WILL LEAD TO THEIR OWN TYPHOON DISASTER
RESILIENCE
8
EXAMPLE THE PHILIPPINES
9
THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES HAVE HAD MANY
OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN VITAL LESSONS FROM PAST
TYPHOONS OF ALL SIZES MAKING LANDFALL THERE
  • The Philippines has more than enough experience
    with typhoons for action.

10
A FLAWED PREMISE BY NOW, THE PHILIPPINES SHOULD
HAVE POLICIES IN PLACE FOR TYPHOON DISASTER
RESILIENCE (i.e., A SUPER TYPHOON SHOULD NOT
MAKE THAT MUCH DIFFERENCE WHEN THE POLICIES ARE
RIGHT)
11
LESSON THE TIMING OF ANTICIPATORY ACTIONS IS
VITAL
  • The people who know 1) what to expect (e.g.,
    high-velocity winds, rain, flash floods,
    landslides, and storm surge), 2) where and when
    it will happen, and 3) what they should (and
    should not) do to prepare will survive.

12
LESSON TIMELY EARLY WARNING AND EVACUATION
SAVES LIVES
  • The people who have timely early warning in
    conjunction with a community evacuation plan that
    facilitates getting out of harms way from the
    risks associated with storm surge, high winds,
    flooding, and landslides will survive.

13
LESSON EMERGENCY MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS SAVES
LIVES
  • Damaged hospitals and medical facilities combined
    with lack of clean drinking water, food, and
    medicine, and high levels of morbidity and
    mortality will quickly overrun the local
    communitys capacity for emergency health care.

14
LESSON WIND ENGINEERED BUILDINGS SAVE LIVES
  • Buildings engineered to withstand the risks from
    a typhoons high velocity winds will maintain
    their function and protect occupants and users
    from death and injury.

15
LESSON EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAVES LIVES
  • The Uncontrollable and Unthinkable events will
    always hinder the timing of emergency response
    operations.

16
LESSON THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ALWAYS
PROVIDES AID
  • The International Community provides millions to
    billions of dollars in relief to most nations to
    help pick up the pieces, but this strategy is
    not enough by itself to ensure disaster
    resilience.

17
HAIYAN A SUPER TYPHOON
18
RATED AS PROBABLY THE STRONGEST TYPHOON EVER TO
STRIKE THE PHILIPPINES
19
HAIYAN MOVED TOWARDS VIETNAM AND CHINA SAT.,
NOV 9
20
ADVANCE EVACUATIONS
  • 800,000 people were evacuated to emergency
    shelters.

21
AN EVACUATION CENTER
22
FOUR HOURS OF FEAR AND DESTRUCTION
  • Winds flattened hundreds of homes.
  • Heavy rainfall triggered mudslides and flash
    flooding.
  • A storm surge with waves of up to 10 m (30 feet)
    destroyed everything, sweeping people away and
    drowning thousands.

23
AN AERIAL VIEW
  • It was like a tsunami," Interior Secretary Manuel
    Roxas told Reuters.
  • "From a helicopter, you can see the extent of
    devastation. From the shore and moving a
    kilometer inland, there are no structures
    standing.

24
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
25
TACLOBAN (ON LEYTE ISLAND) HIT THE HARDEST
26
SURVIVOR STORIES
  • Survivors of the storm described towering waves
    that swept away all but the most robust
    engineered structures.

27
STORM SURGE
28
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
29
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
30
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
31
DESTRUCTION AND DEATH EVERYWHERE
32
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
33
TACLOBAN AIRPORT
34
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES
  • Wide spread flooding, mudslides, and power
    outages
  • Winds of 380 kph (290 mph)
  • TACLOBAN hit very hard by the storm surge with
    many deaths
  • Taclobans airport destroyed

35
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES
  • Loss of communication
  • An estimated 10,000 people dead
  • Economic losses in the billions

36
SURVIVOR NEEDS
  • Survivors are in desperate need of clean drinking
    water and food
  • Survivors temporarily cut off from aid, and from
    their families in the Philippines as well as in
    other countries (e.g., 3 million in the USA)

37
USA MILITARY FORCES DISPATCHED TO ASSIST IN WHAT
BECAME A HISTORIC RELIEF EFFORT
38
Search and Rescue and Relief Efforts Were
Hampered by Landslides and Damaged Road Systems
  • LESSON All Kinds of Things Will go Wrong During
    the Emergency Response Period When the
    Uncontrollable and Unthinkable Happen.

39
TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES AND
MEASURES NEEDED BY MANY NATIONS
  • Preparedness
  • Adoption and Implementation of a Modern Wind
    Engineering Building Code
  • Time,y Early Warning and Evacuation
  • Timely Emergency Response (including Emergency
    Medical Services)
  • Cost-Effective Recovery

40
WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS TYPHOON
RESILIENCE
EXPERIENCES WITH PREPAREDNESS
EXPERIENCES WITH MONITORING AND WARNING
INTEGRATE GLOBAL EXPERIENCES WITH YOUR EXPERIENCES
EXPERIENCES WITH DISASTER SCENARIO PLANNING
EXPERIENCES WITH RECOVERY AND
RECONSTRUCTION
EXPERIENCES WITH PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND
ADAPTATION
41
THE CHALLENGE
  • POLICY CHANGES CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN
    PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE
    CREATED THE KINDS OF TURNING POINTS NEEDED FOR
    MOVING TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE

42
COMMUNITIES
DATA BASES AND INFORMATION
HAZARDS GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE
SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN
UP AFTERSHOCKS
43
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER
RESILIENCE
  • USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING THE PAST AND
    PRESENT LESSONS TO FOSTER AND ACCELERATE THE
    CREATION OF TURNING POINTS

44
2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE
IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL, HEALTH CARE, AND
POLITICAL CAPACITY BUILDING IN ALL FIVE PILLARS
OF COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE
45
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER
RESILIENCE
  • INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS
    WITH POLITICAL SOLUTIONS FOR POLICIES ON
    PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, EARLY WARNING,
    EMERGENCY RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY

46
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47
INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL
CONSIDERATIONS
OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS For Disaster
Resilience on local, regional, national, and
global scales
THE KNOWLEDGE BASE
APPLICATIONS
EDUCATIONAL SURGES
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