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Research Area 2: Space Transportation Operations, Technologies


Research Area 2: Space Transportation Operations, Technologies & Payloads Presentation at the Center of Excellence for Commercial Space Transportation – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Research Area 2: Space Transportation Operations, Technologies

Research Area 2 Space Transportation
Operations, Technologies Payloads Presentation
at the Center of Excellence for Commercial Space
Transportation Research Road Map Workshop 2
August 16, 2011 Nick Demidovich AST RD Advisory
Board Member
  • Outputs from Workshop 1
  • Research Area 2 Hierarchy
  • Primary Goals for Workshop 2
  • Complete Research Area Hierarchy
  • Identify Broad Research Topics
  • Identify Specific Tasks
  • Identify High Priority Tasks
  • Low-hanging fruit to enable safer, more reliable
    Commercial Space Transportation
  • Lowering cost, improving mission rate are force
  • Additional Goal ? identify efficient means to
  • Prevent duplication of efforts by
  • NASA, DOD, NSF, and possibly NOAA, DOT and other
    USG agencies
  • University and/or private sector community
  • Leverage current/prior RD efforts for FAA/Comm
    Space industry benefit

New Areas we addressed
  • Man rated vehicle safety technology
  • payloads
  • Safety enabling sensors recorders
  • Insurance reduction/learn from other
    transportation modes
  • NASA Commercial RLV technology roadmap study

Research Area 2 Hierarchy
Research Area 2.1 Hierarchy
Broad Research Topics
Space Ops Ground Ops
Pre-launch processing
Ideas/questions to answer
  • Examine technology options for near Real Time
    wind predictions.
  • Develop wind technologies to support launch and
  • 2.1.2
  • Research and recommend a certification program
    for maintenance technicians. Space equivalent
    from aviation
  • Research, advance mobile range concepts
  • Explore low cost concepts for down range
  • 2.1.3
  • Explore lessons learned (extrapolation) from
    aviation to spacecraft industry.
  • 2.1.2 / 2.1.5
  • Research and recommend safe, expeditious, and
    cost efficient processing of reusable manned or
    unmanned vehicles that are payloads on ELVs
  • Landing, inspection, modification if needed,
    transportation, and integration
  • Explore expeditious way for licensing
  • When minor changes to a licensed spacecraft,
    consider between having to re-license entire
    spacecraft or license the specific change

Research Area 2.2 Hierarchy
Rapid prototyping Hardware Software
Simulation and Testing
Broad Research Topics
Ideas/questions to answer
  • 2.2.3
  • Explore expeditious processes to migrate
    technologies and payloads to be tested in flight
  • Expeditious handling of design upgrades. From a
    licensing/permit perspective.
  • How to plan and expeditiously capture changes to
    avoid delaying licensing
  • Study environmental damage to RLVs and RVs due
    to lightning, ice crystals, etc.
  • Design guidelines
  • Consider experimentation for composites RLVs
  • Research the physics and impacts of re-entry
  • 2.2.2
  • Analysis for inland landing locations for
    different stages
  • Inland parachute landings of stages and re-entry
  • Investigation of Instrumentation and telemetry.
  • Active space debris removal

Ideas/questions to answer
  • Software Testing
  • Investigate lessons learned from NASA or other
    agencies in software development
  • Get cyber security recommendations from other
  • 2.3
  • Study how to facilitate small companies to have
    access to NASA and FAA test facilities (e.g. test
  • Investigate how to use aircraft subsystems in
  • What study or analysis are required?
  • How to space rate air-breathing engines,
  • Investigate what NASA and FAA do for handling
    c.g locations for aircraft before flight
  • How to make this process reliable?
  • What techniques are used?
  • How do to use this to process payloads?

Research Area 2.3 Hierarchy Real Time Instrumentation Comms /
transponders beacons FTS Detection
Systems Propellant monitoring Integrated Vehicle
Health System/FDIR (Fault Detection Isolation and
2.3.2 post Flight Diagnostic Equipment Black Box,
life cycle detection
2.3.3 Crew Survivavility (ECLSS) 2.3.4 Additional
Safety Critical subsystems/Safety Enabling
Ideas/questions to answer
  • Analyze which systems can be leveraged from
    aviation, and identify the type of analysis
  • Study literature on redundancy for safety
    critical systems
  • Guidelines for redundancy levels
  • With inputs from theme 3, how to improve safety
    critical systems for manned vehicles
  • How can the COE look at migrating these emerging
    or existing technologies to the spacecraft world.
  • Identify these technologies and put it on the
    shelf for RLV/ELVs
  • Consider self repairing materials
  • Consider Fuel system status
  • 2.3.3
  • Provide ECLSS standards/recommendations
  • Inputs needed
  • Beacon transponder, navigation inputs
    needed from theme 1
  • 2.3.2 Inputs needed from theme 3

Research Area 2.4 Hierarchy
Vehicle Crew
Ideas/questions to answer
  • 2.4.1
  • How much information does a developer/operator
    need to tell the FAA in order to safely fly a
    payload (leverage work from NASA FOP program)?
  • For purely commercial, what type of disclosure is
  • Define a standard for cargo vs.
    scientific/engineering payload
  • 2.4.3
  • Study payload impacts on human/crew safety
  • How to screen products for use in orbit
  • List of things that people can be allowed to
    bring into space (on suborbital tourism flights)
  • 2.4.4
  • Case study of a generic deployment of a payload
    on an RLV, and how to do a safety analysis on
  • How to deploy a payload? It is safe for the
  • How to isolate the crew from dangerous cargo?
  • 2.4 Input needed from theme 3

Research Area 2.5 Hierarchy
Return to flight status after off nominal
Voluntary mandatory
Ideas/questions to answer
  • 2.5.3
  • Return to flight after off nominal operation-gt
    Develop minimum requirements, guidelines
  • Study interoperability of commercial space
    safety management system with other FAA and TBD
  • Guidelines for RLVs, ELVs, spaceport operators,
  • Hazmat template of what toxic materials need to
    be provided to fire departments to assess
    resulting fire due to a vehicle crash
  • What are the potential hazards on the ground due
    to new materials on a spacecraft?
  • What are operators needed to provide in emergency
  • Explore technical systems that can scan for
    aircraft in the operating area
  • What is the desired resolution
  • How do we ensure that the air space is clear.
  • Inputs needed from theme 1
  • Guidelines for contingency operations
  • Off nominal operation protocols to determine what
    equipment is needed.
  • What is the desired interaction between the FAA
    and the vehicle operator to solve problems?

Overarching Areas of Concern
  • Human rating Impact on the payload and vice versa
  • Area 3 crossover
  • On orbit aborts (rendezvous and docking)
  • Technology
  • Active Space debris removal
  • OTV technologies (nuclear, other advanced
  • Should we develop a set of standard courses for
    FAA personal doing analysis, and operators, and
  • Workshop with NASA
  • where does NASA stop, FAA begins on CRS?
  • Input from theme 1 for NAS integration and space
    traffic management for technology and payload

Lets make it happen!
  • Questions?
  • Comments?
  • Concerns?