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Unit 2: Optimism for A New Day: Romanticism and Trancendentalism

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Unit 2: Optimism for A New Day: Romanticism and Trancendentalism Romanticism: Definition Romanticism refers to a movement in art, literature, and music during the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 2: Optimism for A New Day: Romanticism and Trancendentalism


1
Unit 2 Optimism for A New Day Romanticism and
Trancendentalism
2
Romanticism Definition
  • Romanticism refers to a movement in art,
    literature, and music during the 19th century.
  • Romanticism is characterized by the 5 Is
  • Imagination
  • Intuition
  • Idealism
  • Inspiration
  • Individuality
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vXC6F-QfmxHw

3
Imagination
  • Imagination was emphasized over reason.
  • This was a backlash against the rationalism
    characterized by the Neoclassical period or Age
    of Reason.
  • Imagination was considered necessary for creating
    all art.
  • British writer Samuel Taylor Coleridge called it
    intellectual intuition.

4
Intuition
  • Romantics placed value on intuition, or feeling
    and instincts, over reason.
  • Emotions were important in Romantic art.
  • British Romantic William Wordsworth described
    poetry as the spontaneous overflow of powerful
    feelings.

5
Idealism
  • Idealism is the concept that we can make the
    world a better place.
  • Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher, held that
    the mind forces the world we perceive to take the
    shape of space-and-time.

6
Inspiration
  • The Romantic artist, musician, or writer, is an
    inspired creator rather than a technical
    master.
  • What this means is going with the moment or
    being spontaneous, rather than getting it
    precise.

7
Individuality
  • Romantics celebrated the individual.
  • During this time period, Womens Rights and
    Abolitionism were taking root as major movements.
  • Walt Whitman, a later Romantic writer, would
    write a poem entitled Song of Myself it
    begins, I celebrate myself

8
Time Period and Origins
  • Late 1700s to mid 1800s
  • Caused by new independence and immigration
  • Westward expansion
  • Lewis and Clarks explorations
  • Transcontinental railroads
  • Gold Rush (GA/ CA)

9
Continued origins
  • Presidential Elections
  • Mexican- American War
  • Trail of Tears
  • Peak of American Slave Trade/ culture
  • Womens Rights

10
The Arts
  • Romanticism was a movement across all the arts
    visual art, music, and literature.
  • All of the arts embraced themes prevalent in the
    Middle Ages chivalry, courtly love. Literature
    and art from this time depicted these themes.
    Music (ballets and operas) illustrated these
    themes.
  • Shakespeare came back into vogue.

11
Visual Arts
  • Neoclassical art was rigid, severe, and
    unemotional it hearkened back to ancient Greece
    and Rome
  • Romantic art was emotional, deeply-felt,
    individualistic, and exotic. It has been
    described as a reaction to Neoclassicism, or
    anti-Classicism.

12
Visual Arts Examples
Romantic Art http//www.youtube.com/watch?v_JCMnW
fnzAk
Neoclassical Art
13
Music Components
  • 1730-1820.
  • Classical music emphasized internal order and
    balance.
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vFlAYXYJ0sEo
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vXgOFiJIJ1r4feature
    related
  • 1800-1910.
  • Romantic music emphasized expression of feelings.

14
Literature
  • In America, Romanticism most strongly impacted
    literature.
  • Writers explored supernatural and gothic themes.
  • Writers wrote about nature Transcendentalists
    believed God was in nature, unlike Age of
    Reason writers like Franklin and Jefferson, who
    saw God as a divine watchmaker, who created the
    universe and left it to run itself.

15
American Transcendentalism
  • Emerson left church in 1830 to find a different
    path
  • Truth transcends (or goes beyond) what people
    observe with their senses in the physical world.

16
Emersons Words
  • We will walk on our own feet we will work with
    our own hands we will speak our own minds...A
    nation of men will for the first time exist,
    because each believes himself inspired by the
    Divine Soul which also inspires all men
  • Ultimately Transcendentalists believed in the
    unity of all creation and that human nature
    contained something that t r a n s c e n d e d,
    or went beyond, ordinary experience.

17
  • Transcendentalism Romanticism is all about
    transforming yourself!
  • THROUGH
  • Nature, emotion, the natural world and your own
    true divine soul
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vIAEH0Nan_UM

18
Ultimately Romanticism Is
  • Celebration of the individual
  • Emotions and the human spirit
  • Imagination of life as a journey
  • YOU WANT TO WRITE THESE DOWN

19
Ultimately Transcendentalism Is
  • God should not be feared but found in nature
  • Non- conformity
  • Self exploration
  • YOU WANT TO WRITE THIS DOWN!

20
Write these down!
  • (Rom.) Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • (Rom.) Novelist James Fenimore Cooper
  • (Rom.) Poet Walt Whitman
  • (Trans.) Essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • (Trans.) Essayist and Activist Henry David
    Thoreau
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