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The EU's Role in the United Nations: More than the sum of its members?

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The EU's Role in the United Nations: More than the sum of its members? presentation by Roberto Storaci Counsellor at the EU Delegation to the UN – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The EU's Role in the United Nations: More than the sum of its members?


1
The EU's Role in the United Nations More than
the sum of itsmembers?
  • presentation by Roberto Storaci
  • Counsellor at the EU Delegation to the UN

2
Outline what we are going to talk about
  • EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
    after the Lisbon Treaty.
  • The EU at the UN why is this forum of particular
    relevance?
  • The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
    appraisal.

3
Outline what we are NOT going to talk about
  • We are not going to take an academic approach.
  • We are not addressing the EU Common Security and
    Defense Policy (CSDP).
  • We are not considering the crisis management
    architecture.

4
Outline what we are going to talk about
  • EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
    after the Lisbon Treaty.
  • The EU at the UN why is this forum of particular
    relevance?
  • The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
    appraisal.

5
EU CFSP after the Lisbon Treaty.
  • Principles
  • Actors and competences
  • Tools and priorities

6
EU CFSP - Principles
  • The Treaty on European Union
  • Art. 2 The Union is founded on the values of
    respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy,
    equality, the rule of law and respect for human
    rights, including the rights of persons belonging
    to minorities. These values are common to the
    Member States in a society in which pluralism,
    non-discrimination, tolerance, justice,
    solidarity and equality between women and men
    prevail.

7
EU CFSP - Principles
  • Art. 3.5 In its relations with the wider world,
    the Union shall uphold and promote its values and
    interests and contribute to the protection of its
    citizens. It shall contribute to peace, security,
    the sustainable development of the Earth,
    solidarity and mutual respect among peoples, free
    and fair trade, eradication of poverty and the
    protection of human rights, in particular the
    rights of the child, as well as to the strict
    observance and the development of international
    law, including respect for the principles of the
    UN Charter.

8
EU CFSP - Principles
  • Art. 21.1 The Union's action on the
    international scene shall be guided by the
    principles which have inspired its own creation,
    development and enlargement, and which it seeks
    to advance in the wider world democracy, rule of
    law, the universality and indivisibility of human
    rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for
    human dignity, the principles of equality and
    solidarity, and respect for the principles of the
    UN Charter and international law.

9
EU CFSP - Principles
  • Art. 21.2 The Union shall define and pursue
    common policies and actions, and shall work for a
    high degree of cooperation in all fields of
    international relations, in order to
  • (a) safeguard its values, fundamental interests,
    security, independence and integrity
  • (b) consolidate and support democracy, the rule
    of law, human rights and the principles of
    international law
  • (c) preserve peace, prevent conflicts and
    strengthen international security, in accordance
    with the purposes and principles of the United
    Nations Charter, with the principles of the
    Helsinki Final Act and with the aims of the
    Charter of Paris, including those relating to
    external borders
  • (d) foster the sustainable economic, social and
    environmental development of developing
    countries, with the primary aim of eradicating
    poverty
  • (e) encourage the integration of all countries
    into the world economy, including through the
    progressive abolition of restrictions on
    international trade
  • (f) help develop international measures to
    preserve and improve the quality of the
    environment and the sustainable management of
    global natural resources, in order to ensure
    sustainable development
  • (g) assist populations, countries and regions
    confronting natural or man-made disasters and
  • (h) promote an international system based on
    stronger multilateral cooperation and good
  • global governance.

10
EU CFSP - Principles
  • CFSP different from the rest.
  • Art. 24.1 The common foreign and security policy
    is subject to specific rules and procedures. It
    shall be defined and implemented by the European
    Council and the Council acting unanimously,
    except where the Treaties provide otherwise
    The Court of Justice of the European Union shall
    not have jurisdiction with respect to these
    provisions.

11
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • Actors
  • European Council
  • The Council (Foreign Affairs Council)
  • The High Representative/Vice President
  • The Member States
  • The Commission
  • The Parliament

12
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • The European Council
  • identifies the Union's strategic interests and
    objectives.
  • Art. 15.6 The President of the European Council
    shall, at his level and in that capacity, ensure
    the external representation of the Union on
    issues concerning its common foreign and security
    policy.

13
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • The Council
  • - frames the CFSP and takes decisions necessary
    for defining and implementing it (Council
    Conclusions)

14
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • The member states
  • - implement the CFSP together with the HR/VP
  • Art. 24.3 The Member States shall support the
    Union's external and security policy actively and
    unreservedly in a spirit of loyalty and mutual
    solidarity and shall comply with the Union's
    action in this area.
  • The Member States shall work together to enhance
    and develop their mutual political solidarity.
    They shall refrain from any action which is
    contrary to the interests of the Union or likely
    to impair its effectiveness as a cohesive force
    in international relations.

15
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • The Commission
  • With the exception of CFSP, shall ensure the
    Union's external representation (i.e. it is
    responsible for "external action", including
    trade, development aid, humanitarian assistance,
    enlargement, neighbourhood policy).

16
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • The Parliament
  • - is consulted and may address questions or make
    recommendations to the Council or the HR. The HR
    "shall ensure that the views of the EP are duly
    taken into consideration".

17
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • The High Representative / Vice President
  • Art. 27
  • The High Representative of the Union for Foreign
    Affairs and Security Policy, who shall chair the
    Foreign Affairs Council, shall contribute through
    his proposals to the development of the common
    foreign and security policy and shall ensure
    implementation of the decisions adopted by the
    European Council and the Council.
  • The High Representative shall represent the Union
    for matters relating to the common foreign and
    security policy. He shall conduct political
    dialogue with third parties on the Union's behalf
    and shall express the Union's position in
    international organisations and at international
    conferences.

18
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • The High Representative / Vice President
  • High representative CFSP (Javier Solana)
  • Vice President external action (Benita
    Ferrero-Waldner)
  • Presidency (rotating Member States)

19
EU CFSP Actors and competences
  • Key new developments after Lisbon
  • Coherence between CFSP and External Action
  • Presidency functions
  • Foreign Affairs Council, Political and Security
    Committee, Working Groups, local coordination
  • Speaking with one voice statements, demarches,
    international organizations
  • Permanent Presidency agenda setting,
    consistency, coherence.

20
EU CFSP Tools and priorities
  • Tools
  • Art. 27.3 In fulfilling his mandate, the High
    Representative shall be assisted by a European
    External Action Service. This service shall work
    in cooperation with the diplomatic services of
    the Member States and shall comprise officials
    from relevant departments of the General
    Secretariat of the Council and of the Commission
    as well as staff seconded from national
    diplomatic services of the Member States.

21
EU CFSP Tools and priorities
  • The EEAS
  • Fully autonomous body of the EU (i.e. neither an
    institution, nor part of the Commission)
  • Under the authority of the HR/VP
  • Made up of a central administration and of EU
    Delegations to third countries and international
    organizations.

22
EU CFSP Tools and priorities
  • The EEAS
  • Supports the HR/VP in her three capacities CFSP
    and CSDP President of the FAC Vice President of
    the Commission
  • Assists the President of the European Council,
    the President of the Commission and the
    Commission
  • Shall support, and work in cooperation with, the
    diplomatic services of the Member States, as well
    as with the General Secretariat of the Council
    and the services of the Commission.

23
EU CFSP Tools and priorities
  • Priorities
  • The neighbourhood, where the EU has all of the
    policies and instruments at its disposal to
    effect lasting change
  • The Comprehensive Approach which makes the EU
    uniquely able to tackle all aspects of a foreign
    policy issue
  • Those international issues where only the EU's
    collective weight allow us to play a lead role in
    today's globalised world.

24
EU CFSP after the Lisbon Treaty what's new?
  • A more ambitious agenda.
  • A more coherent decision-making process.
  • Better and more integrated tools.

25
Outline what we are going to talk about
  • EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
    after the Lisbon Treaty.
  • The EU at the UN why is this forum of particular
    relevance?
  • The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
    appraisal.

26
The EU at the United Nations
  • Why is it crucial?
  • EU in action UNGA
  • EU in action UNSC

27
The EU at the United Nations
  • Why is it crucial?
  • Shared values and goals
  • Partnership
  • Speaking with one voice.

28
The EU at the United Nations
  • Shared values and goals
  • Art. 21 The Union shall promote multilateral
    solutions to common problems, in particular in
    the framework of the United Nations.
  • The UN and/or the UN Charters are mentioned in
    Articles 3.5, 21.1, 21.2, 34, 42.

29
The EU at the United Nations
  • Shared values and goals
  • CHAPTER VIII REGIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
  • Article 52
  • Nothing in the present Charter precludes the
    existence of regional arrangements or agencies
    for dealing with such matters relating to the
    maintenance of international peace and security
    as are appropriate for regional action provided
    that such arrangements or agencies and their
    activities are consistent with the Purposes and
    Principles of the United Nations.
  • The Members of the United Nations entering into
    such arrangements or constituting such agencies
    shall make every effort to achieve pacific
    settlement of local disputes through such
    regional arrangements or by such regional
    agencies before referring them to the Security
    Council.
  • The Security Council shall encourage the
    development of pacific settlement of local
    disputes through such regional arrangements or by
    such regional agencies either on the initiative
    of the states concerned or by reference from the
    Security Council.
  • This Article in no way impairs the application of
    Articles 34 and 35.
  • Article 53
  • The Security Council shall, where appropriate,
    utilize such regional arrangements or agencies
    for enforcement action under its authority. But
    no enforcement action shall be taken under
    regional arrangements or by regional agencies
    without the authorization of the Security
    Council, with the exception of measures against
    any enemy state, as defined in paragraph 2 of
    this Article, provided for pursuant to Article
    107 or in regional arrangements directed against
    renewal of aggressive policy on the part of any
    such state, until such time as the Organization
    may, on request of the Governments concerned, be
    charged with the responsibility for preventing
    further aggression by such a state.
  • The term enemy state as used in paragraph 1 of
    this Article applies to any state which during
    the Second World War has been an enemy of any
    signatory of the present Charter.
  • Article 54
  • The Security Council shall at all times be kept
    fully informed of activities undertaken or in
    contemplation under regional arrangements or by
    regional agencies for the maintenance of
    international peace and security.

30
The EU at the United Nations
  • Shared values and goals
  • Art. 1 of the UN Charter
  • The Purposes of the United Nations are
  • To maintain international peace and security, and
    to that end to take effective collective
    measures for the prevention and removal of
    threats to the peace, and for the suppression of
    acts of aggression or other breaches of the
    peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and
    in conformity with the principles of justice and
    international law, adjustment or settlement of
    international disputes or situations which might
    lead to a breach of the peace
  • To develop friendly relations among nations based
    on respect for the principle of equal rights and
    self-determination of peoples, and to take other
    appropriate measures to strengthen universal
    peace
  • To achieve international co-operation in solving
    international problems of an economic, social,
    cultural, or humanitarian character, and in
    promoting and encouraging respect for human
    rights and for fundamental freedoms for all
    without distinction as to race, sex, language, or
    religion and
  • To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of
    nations in the attainment of these common ends.

31
The EU at the United Nations
  • European Union
  • United Nations
  • The Union shall define and pursue common policies
    and actions, and shall work for a high degree of
    cooperation in all fields of international
    relations, in order to
  • (a) safeguard its values, fundamental interests,
    security, independence and integrity
  • (b) consolidate and support democracy, the rule
    of law, human rights and the principles of
    international law
  • (c) preserve peace, prevent conflicts and
    strengthen international security, in accordance
    with the purposes and principles of the United
    Nations Charter, with the principles of the
    Helsinki Final Act and with the aims of the
    Charter of Paris, including those relating to
    external borders
  • (d) foster the sustainable economic, social and
    environmental development of developing
    countries, with the primary aim of eradicating
    poverty
  • (e) encourage the integration of all countries
    into the world economy, including through the
    progressive abolition of restrictions on
    international trade
  • (f) help develop international measures to
    preserve and improve the quality of the
    environment and the sustainable management of
    global natural resources, in order to ensure
    sustainable development
  • (g) assist populations, countries and regions
    confronting natural or man-made disasters and
  • (h) promote an international system based on
    stronger multilateral cooperation and good
  • global governance.
  • The Purposes of the United Nations are
  • To maintain international peace and security, and
    to that end to take effective collective
    measures for the prevention and removal of
    threats to the peace, and for the suppression of
    acts of aggression or other breaches of the
    peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and
    in conformity with the principles of justice and
    international law, adjustment or settlement of
    international disputes or situations which might
    lead to a breach of the peace
  • To develop friendly relations among nations based
    on respect for the principle of equal rights and
    self-determination of peoples, and to take other
    appropriate measures to strengthen universal
    peace
  • To achieve international co-operation in solving
    international problems of an economic, social,
    cultural, or humanitarian character, and in
    promoting and encouraging respect for human
    rights and for fundamental freedoms for all
    without distinction as to race, sex, language, or
    religion and
  • To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of
    nations in the attainment of these common ends.

32
EU CFSP Tools and priorities
  • Priorities
  • The neighbourhood, where the EU has all of the
    policies and instruments at its disposal to
    effect lasting change
  • The Comprehensive Approach which makes the EU
    uniquely able to tackle all aspects of a foreign
    policy issue
  • Those international issues where only the EU's
    collective weight allow us to play a lead role in
    today's globalised world.

33
The EU at the United Nations
  • Partnership
  • The EU and its Member States collectively are the
    single largest financial contributor to the UN
    system
  • 35 of the UN regular budget
  • 36.8 of the UN peacekeeping budgets
  • about one-half of all the voluntary contributions
    to UN funds and programmes
  • The European Commission alone contributed more
    than 1.5 billion in support of UN external
    assistance programmes and projects in 2013?.

34
The EU at the United Nations
  • Partnership
  • Political Affairs (regular consultations, PSC,
    cooperation on the ground, mediation)
  • Peace and Security - Peacekeeping (Steering
    Committee, EU CSDP, financial resources)
  • Peacebuilding (PBC, cooperation on the ground)
  • Development
  • Humanitarian affairs
  • Human rights.

35
The EU at the United Nations
  • Speaking with one voice
  • Art. 27 The HR shall express the Union's
    position in international organisations and at
    international conferences.

36
The EU at the United Nations
  • Speaking with one voice
  • European integration means shared values, shared
    interests and shared goals
  • Even individual priorities can be leveraged in a
    truly global approach
  • Size matters 28 member states, half a billion
    people, 17 trillion USD GDP).

37
The EU at the United Nations
  • Speaking with one voice
  • 6 candidate countries (Albania, FYR of Macedonia,
    Iceland, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey)
  • 1 potential candidate (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  • 3 EFTA countries (Liechtenstein, Norway,
    Switzerland)
  • 5 Eastern Partnership countries (Armenia,
    Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine)
  • 3 European "micro-states" (Andorra, Monaco, San
    Marino)
  • Block of potentially 46 countries (almost a
    fourth of the UN membership) possible
    like-minded (JUSCANZ for instance).

38
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNGA
  • Art. 34.1 Member States shall coordinate their
    action in international organisations and at
    international conferences. They shall uphold the
    Union's positions in such forums. The High
    Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs
    and Security Policy shall organise this
    coordination.

39
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNGA
  • Going back to the question, why is it crucial?
  • Unity is on the line every day. No hiding at the
    UN votes, statements, outreach.

40
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNGA
  • Some numbers
  • In 2013, 1313 meetings took place at the EU
    Delegation. That is an average of 5 meetings a
    day.
  • From September 1, 2013 to September 1, 2014, 218
    statements were made.
  • In 2013, the EU was united on 92 of the
    resolutions adopted by the UNGA.

41
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNGA
  • EU new enhanced status at the UNGA on 3 May
    2011, the UNGA adopted resolution 65/276 (180 Y,
    2 Abst)
  • 1. The representatives of the European Union,
    in order to present positions of the European
    Union and its member States as agreed by them,
    shall be
  • (a) Allowed to be inscribed on the list of
    speakers among representatives of major groups,
    in order to make interventions
  • (b) Invited to participate in the general debate
    of the General Assembly, in accordance with the
    order of precedence as established in the
    practice for participating observers and the
    level of participation
  • (c) Permitted to have its communications relating
    to the sessions and work of the General Assembly
    and to the sessions and work of all international
    meetings and conferences convened under the
    auspices of the Assembly and of United Nations
    conferences, circulated directly, and without
    intermediary, as documents of the Assembly,
    meeting or conference
  • (d) Also permitted to present proposals and
    amendments orally as agreed by the States members
    of the European Union such proposals and
    amendments shall be put to a vote only at the
    request of a Member State
  • (e) Allowed to exercise the right of reply
    regarding positions of the European Union as
    decided by the presiding officer such right of
    reply shall be restricted to one intervention per
    item.
  • 2. The representatives of the European Union
    shall be ensured seating among the observers.

42
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNGA
  • Resolution 65/276 interesting in confirming a
    pattern
  • Resistance to the EU's new role
  • The reality of EU's new role makes for a
    successful incremental and pragmatic approach.

43
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNGA
  • Five priorities for this year's General Assembly
    of the United Nations.
  • Promotion of peace and security
  • Sustainable Development (follow-up and
    implementation of the Rio 20 outcome, SDGs and
    post-2015 development framework)
  • Human Rights
  • Strengthening the effectiveness of the UN
    (management, peacekeeping, field support,
    financial sustainability of the Organization)
  • Strengthening of the international humanitarian
    system.

44
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNGA
  • Growth pains from the statements war to the EU
    Delegation's coordinating role in the Fifth
    Committee.
  • The EU at its best moratorium of the death
    penalty, rights of LGBT people, freedom of
    religion and belief.
  • Managing divisions the Palestinian question,
    sexual health and reproductive rights.

45
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNSC
  • Art. 34.2 In accordance with Article 24(3),
    Member States represented in international
    organisations or international conferences where
    not all the Member States participate shall keep
    the other Member States and the High
    Representative informed of any matter of common
    interest.
  • Member States which are also members of the
    United Nations Security Council will concert and
    keep the other Member States and the High
    Representative fully informed. Member States
    which are members of the Security Council will,
    in the execution of their functions, defend the
    positions and the interests of the Union, without
    prejudice to their responsibilities under the
    provisions of the United Nations Charter.
  • When the Union has defined a position on a
    subject which is on the United Nations Security
    Council agenda, those Member States which sit on
    the Security Council shall request that the High
    Representative be invited to present the Union's
    position.

46
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNSC
  • A European seat? The reform of the Security
    Council and the European Union.
  • Permanent Members a curse and/or a blessing?
  • The reality of EU's new role makes for a
    successful incremental and pragmatic approach.

47
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNSC
  • The pragmatic approach
  • Art. 34 meetings.
  • Informal briefings/meetings read-outs.
  • EU UNSC members luncheons.
  • Information-sharing cables and EEAS-prepared
    briefings.
  • Lobbying and demarches.
  • Towards a single point of contact.

48
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNSC
  • The reality of the EU role in peace and security
  • Regular briefings by the HRVP (four times since
    her appointment).
  • In 2013, the EU delivered 27 statements in the
    UNSC under Rule 39 of the UNSC provisional rules
    of procedure ("The Security Council may invite
    members of the Secretariat or other persons, whom
    it considers competent for the purpose, to supply
    it with information or to give other assistance
    in examining matters within its competence") .

49
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNSC
  • The reality of the EU role in peace and security
    PRST 2014/4 adopted by the UNSC on 14 February
    2014 (under the Presidency of Lithuania),
    underlining the EU's role in
  • Iran nuclear file (EU/E33)
  • Western Balkans (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo)
  • International peacekeeping, peacebuilding,
    humanitarian assistance
  • Combating piracy off the coast of Somalia
    (ATALANTA, EUCAP-Nestor)
  • Somalia (EUTM-Somalia and financial support to
    AMISOM)
  • Central African Republic (EUFOR-CAR)
  • Mali (EUTM-Mali) and Sahel (EU Strategy for
    Security and Development in the Sahel and EUCAP
    SAHEL Niger Mission)
  • Syria (humanitarian assistance, support to Joint
    UN-OPCW Mission, role in the Action Group)
  • Middle East Peace Process (Quartet)
  • Afghanistan (EUPOL Afghanistan and European
    Gendarmerie Force)
  • Promoting development cooperation, promotion and
    protection of human rights and fundamental
    freedoms
  • Protection of civilians, children and armed
    conflict, and women peace and security
  • Justice, rule of law, and accountability

50
The EU at the United Nations
  • EU in action UNSC
  • The reality of the EU role in peace and security.
    The EU is mentioned also in UNSC Resolutions
    dealing with
  • The Ebola crisis
  • Libya
  • Guinea Bissau
  • Haiti
  • And the EU is an active player in other crises
    and items on the Council's agenda, such as
  • Ukraine
  • Yemen
  • Iraq
  • Sudan
  • South Sudan
  • DRC
  • Cote d'Ivoire
  • Counter-terrorism

51
The EU at the United Nations
  • Going back to the original question is the EU at
    the UN more than the sum of its members?
  • The answer has to be a resounding YES.

52
The EU at the United Nations
  • The EU is a (the) major player in the UNGA.
  • The EU Delegation, as a Permanent Presidency, has
    ensured consistency, long-term planning, and a
    continued process of lessons learning.
  • Also, the EU Delegation has become a single point
    of contact for all UNGA-related business, "the
    face of the EU at the UN".
  • The EU voice is clearly heard and perceived in
    the membership.
  • No single member state (not even the USA) could
    yield such influence.
  • Cooperation with the EU-28 leverages EU assets.
  • While resistance to the enhanced EU role
    continues, its undeniable reality is increasingly
    affirming it every day.

53
The EU at the United Nations
  • The UNSC is a completely different forum,
    dominated by the P-5 and driven by the P-3.
  • The unique nature of the UNSC and the presence of
    two EU permanent members make for a different EU
    role.
  • At the same time, the EU is a consistent voice in
    the UNSC and a necessary partner for the UNSC to
    implement its decisions.
  • No silver bullet, but an inevitable growing
    influence.

54
The EU at the United Nations
  • In one sentence
  • Less than 5 years after the Lisbon Treaty (1
    December 2009), less than 4 years after the
    launch of the EEAS (1 December 2010), and 3 years
    and a half after the EU achieved enhanced status
    at the UNGA (3 May 2011), it is already
    absolutely impossible to imagine the UN without
    the single coordinated EU voice projected by the
    EU Delegation.

55
Outline what we are going to talk about
  • EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
    after the Lisbon Treaty.
  • The EU at the UN why is this forum of particular
    relevance?
  • The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
    appraisal.

56
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • Kissinger "Who do I call if I want to call
    Europe?"
  • Criticizing the lack of an effective common EU
    foreign policy is a popular exercise. Is it also
    (still) an accurate one?

57
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • Critics often manage to both overestimate and
    underestimate the EU CFSP.
  • Overestimate the EU is not a state and and does
    not act as one the EU is not a superpower the
    EU is not a monolith.
  • Underestimate the EU is not a simple
    international organization or alliance and does
    not act as one the EU remains a normative power
    and a necessary player division is more
    eye-grabbing, but unity is the norm.

58
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • Two success stories
  • Western Balkans
  • Slovenia and Croatia are EU members
  • Brussels Agreement (19 April 2013) between Serbia
    and Kosovo
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Albania, FYR of Macedonia and Montenegro are
    candidate countries
  • Iran
  • HR/VP Ashton leading role in the negotiations

59
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • One work in progress
  • Building the EEAS.
  • EEAS Review 2013 (relations with the EC
    deputising for the HR/VP)
  • Diplomatic network, the "legacy" effect
  • Creating a distinct European diplomatic culture
  • Building a global actor in times of financial
    crisis

60
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • Two mixed bags
  • Ukraine
  • The challenge of facing Russia
  • Middle East Peace Process
  • Payer not player
  • The EU and the viability of the two-state
    solution
  • The unglamorous everyday job of bridging gaps and
    forging unity

61
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • Two not so-successful stories
  • Arab Spring and Syria
  • The limits of the EU reach
  • The importance of coordination
  • Strategic partnerships
  • It takes 2 (or 30) to tango

62
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • And the too easily ignored technical files
  • Development
  • Promotion and protection of human rights
  • Humanitarian assistance
  • Trade policy
  • CSDP missions

63
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • Going back to Kissinger, is there somebody on the
    other side of the line?
  • Yes, there is. The High Representative is an
    established global player supported by an
    increasingly strong diplomatic service.
  • But the road to build a strong CFSP is still long

64
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • The importance of the pragmatic approach
  • The CFSP needs to provide added value, balancing
    ambition and realism
  • European diplomacy is a system, made of the EEAS
    and the member states' diplomatic services.

65
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • The case for added value, and ambitious realism.
  • The Western Balkans and the perspective of
    European integration.
  • Iran, or when asked, be ready.
  • Egypt, the importance of trying.
  • The Middle East Peace Process, the risk of
    finding oneself alone.
  • The strategic partnerships and the need for
    unity.

66
The EEAS and the post-Lisbon CFSP a first
appraisal.
  • The European diplomacy is a system, made of the
    EEAS and the member states' diplomatic services.
  • Increase the buy-in of member states and the
    value of the EEAS "production".
  • Find a synthesis between "Big" and "Smalls",
    "Eastern" and "Western", "Northern" and
    "Southern".

67
Conclusion
  • In a globalised, "neo-Westphalian", and
    increasingly multipolar world, the EU and the 28
    member states need, and will increasingly need,
    an effective and ambitious common foreign and
    security policy to preserve their role in the
    world and to maintain the European Union as a
    "force for the good" in the world.

68
Conclusion
  • The CFSP architecture will continue to evolve to
    better respond to these evolving (and increasing)
    needs.
  • As all efforts in European integration, it will
    be a trial and error exercise, which will face
    challenges, opposition and resistance, inside and
    outside Europe.

69
Conclusion
  • As in the past, also this European enterprise
    will succeed insomuch as it will be able to prove
    that it can deliver goods at the European level
    that cannot be delivered at lower levels.

70
Conclusion
  • Above all, the development of the CFSP as the
    progress of the European integration overall
    will depend on the sustained ambition by
    Europeans to continue building a stronger,
    better, more integrated Continent.
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