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10/24 Focus:

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Title: China Author: KJV Associates Last modified by: User Created Date: 10/21/2012 7:01:10 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 10/24 Focus:


1
  • 10/24 Focus
  • Chinese rulers followed the dynastic cycle. This
    was the understanding that dynasties would rise
    and fall over and over again.
  • Important Terms
  • Dynasty, Oracle Bones, Mandate of Heaven
  • Do Now
  • Explain how geography lead to ethnocentrism in
    China

2
China
  • Dynasties

3
The Shang Dynasty
  • 1650 B.C.
  • Shang gain control of N. China
  • Government
  • Ruled by Kings
  • Establish first dynasty
  • A ruling family

4
The Shang Dynasty
  • Religion
  • Polytheistic
  • Worshiped ancestors
  • oracle bones
  • Used to communicate with ancestors
  • Bones inscribed with pictographs
  • Priests could read them for messages from
    ancestors
  • Offered ancestors gifts for the afterlife

5
The Shang Dynasty
  • written language
  • used pictograms
  • symbols that represent pictures
  • Ideograms
  • symbols that represent ideas.
  • used on the Oracle Bones, but only few people
    learned how to read and write

6
The Zhou Dynasty
  • 1029 -258 B.C.
  • Overthrow the Shang
  • Told people that the gods had become angry with
    Shang corruption had chosen the Zhou to rule
  • Leads to the Mandate of Heaven

King Wen, The founder of the Zhou dynasty
7
The Mandate of Heaven
  • divine approval to rule
  • Used by rulers to claim authority over people
  • Was used to explain the dynastic cycle
  • New dynasties were good and just to the people
  • Overtime the dynasty became corrupt and unfair to
    the people
  • Lost approval of gods
  • New dynasty would take over

8
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9
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10
Closure
  • How was the Mandate of Heaven used to justify the
    overthrow of a government?
  • What was the dynastic cycle?

11
  • 10/27 Focus
  • The Great Wall of China was created during the
    Qin Dynasty and is an example of Chinese
    ethnocentrism.
  • The Han Dynasty built a large civilization by
    using roads. They expanded trade routes and made
    a great deal of money that helped them expand.
  • Do Now
  • Explain the Mandate of Heaven

12
Zhou Government
  • Zhou kings called themselves Sons of Heaven
  • Kings granted large areas of land to their
    supporters
  • Feudalism
  • Local lords controlled their own land
  • Owed military service to the ruler
  • Feudal lords became the real holders of power in
    China

13
Zhou Accomplishments
  • Built roads and canals to expand trade
  • Silk production
  • Produced from cocoons of silkworms
  • Became a major export
  • Made the first books
  • Bound thin strips of bamboo wood
  • The I Ching
  • Book of Songs
  • Astronomy
  • Developed an accurate calendar
  • Studied eclipses and movement of planets

14
Qin Dynasty
  • Shi Huangdi
  • The First Emperor
  • Conquers the Zhou
  • Zhou government was weak
  • Feudal lords divided and at war

15
Centralized Power
  • Shi Huangdi centralizes power and establishes
    autocracy
  • Power from one central area
  • Autocracy
  • A government in which the ruler has absolute or
    total power
  • Abolishes the feudal states
  • Divided the country into military districts
  • Harsh rules
  • Rules about being on time
  • Forced labor to build public works
  • High taxes

16
The Great Wall of China
  • Extended from the Yellow Sea to the Gobi Desert
  • Forced labor used to construct the wall
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Built to keep out nomads and invaders
  • Keep out foreign influences
  • Limits cultural diffusion

17
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18
  • The famous Terracotta Soldiers were built to
    guard the Emperor s tomb

19
The Han Dynasty
  • Shi Huangdi dies
  • People revolt against the Qin
  • Liu Bang established the Han dyansty
  • Peasant leader
  • Takes the name Gau Zu
  • Reduced taxes
  • Changed harsh Qin laws

20
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21
Han Rule
  • Emperor Wudi
  • 441 B.C
  • Strengthens Chinas government and economy
  • Establishes civil service system
  • Government workers
  • Civil service exam was required to work in
    government
  • Based on teachings of Confucius
  • Opened the Silk Road

22
The Silk Road
  • Becomes a major trade route
  • Stretches from China to Mediterranean Sea
  • Brings China in contact with other civilizations
  • Cultural diffusion
  • Buddhism from India
  • New ideas, foods, animals , and products are
    spread along the silk road

23
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24
Han Golden Age
  • Expansion of trade and strong government under
    Han rule brought peace and prosperity
  • Technological Advances
  • Made paper from wood pulp
  • Iron production
  • Water powered mills
  • Invented
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Fishing reel
  • Rudder

25
Han Golden Age
  • Advances in Science and Medicine
  • Acupuncture and herbal remedies to treat illness
  • Develop anesthesia
  • Advanced astronomers
  • Developed accurate clocks

26
Han Decline
  • Power shifted from strong central govt to local
    nobles
  • Nomadic groups began invading China
  • Led to 350 years of warfare and chaos
  • Period of Disunion (220-589 C.E.)

27
Closure
  • How is the construction of the Great Wall of
    China an example of Chinese ethnocentrism?
  • Why did the Silk Road increase cultural
    diffusion?
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