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A Tribal Community Plan to Prevent Abuse and Exploitation of Elders

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Title: A Tribal Community Plan to Prevent Abuse and Exploitation of Elders Author: Freda Williams Created Date: 11/20/2013 7:09:58 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Tribal Community Plan to Prevent Abuse and Exploitation of Elders


1
A Tribal Community Plan to Prevent Abuse and
Exploitation of Elders
  • Presented by Freda M. Williams, Ivory McDaniel,
    LaVada (Sam) Bush, William Spiers, and
    Christopher DeLeon

2
What is elder abuse?
  • Overview

3
Elder Abuse
  • When an older adult experiences
  • Physical Abuse
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Emotional Abuse
  • Neglect
  • Financial Exploitation

4
Abuse in Later Life Wheel
5
Victim Indicators
  • Overview

6
Recognizing Victim Indicators
  • Shows unexplained or sudden changes in behavior
  • Is afraid to speak in the presence of the
    offender
  • Is isolated
  • Signs of being restrained
  • Infections, pain, or bleeding in genital areas
  • Under or overmedicating an older adult
  • Leaving an older adult in feces or urine
  • Important possessions, documents, or credit cards
    are missing

7
Suspect Indicators
  • Provides conflicting explanations about the older
    adults injuries
  • Isolates older adult
  • Controls and dominates the older adult
  • Portrays self as victim or the only caring person
    in older adults life
  • May be charming and helpful toward professionals

8
Environmental Indicators
  • Strong odors of urine and/or feces
  • Lack of food
  • Locks outside of doors (to lock older individual
    in a room)
  • Damage to home caused by abusive behavior

9
Who commits elder abuse?
  • Overview

10
Who commits elder abuse?
  • Intimate partners
  • Adult children and other family members
  • Caregivers
  • Others in positions of authority

11
Where does elder abuse occur?
  • Private residences
  • Public settings
  • Facility settings

12
Why does elder abuse occur and persist?
  • Greed
  • Power and control

13
Abuser behaviors
  • overview

14
Abusers behaviors
  • Lie
  • Manipulate
  • Charm
  • Justify their behavior
  • Blame the victim and others

15
Common Abuser Justifications
  • Blames the victim
  • S/hes clumsy (Accident)
  • S/he didnt do what I wanted (Victims
    behavior)
  • S/he started it (Mutual abuse)
  • S/he hit me when I was a child (Learned
    behavior)

16
Common Abuser Justifications
  • Abuser Excuses
  • I have a problem with my temper (anger)
  • I was drunk or high (substance abuse problem)
  • Im sick. Its not my fault. (physical or
    mental health issue)
  • In my culture, elders share their resources
    (Culture)
  • He is too difficult to care for (Caregiver
    stress)

17
Caregiver Stress
  • Overview

18
Caregiver Stress
  • Emotions and feelings that some caregivers
    experience while assisting a person with medical
    needs or disabilities
  • Sometimes the stress is overwhelming and may
    cause distress
  • Signs of caregiver distress overeating, lack of
    sleep, depression, substance abuse, etc.

19
Continued
  • Early research was based on abusers self reports
  • Subsequent research states caregiver stress is
    not the primary cause of elder abuse

20
Exploitation
  • Overview

21
Financial Exploitation
  • What is financial exploitation?
  • Illegal or improper use of an older adults
    funds, property or assets.
  • Because not all older adults use the banking
    system, consider cash, snow machines, four
    wheelers, boats, gas cans, fish nets, etc.

22
Methods of Financial Exploitations
  • Scams
  • Identity theft
  • Theft (i.e., personal belongings and money)
  • Intimidation and pressure
  • Fraud and deception
  • Abuse of legal authority (i.e., Power of
    Attorney)
  • Manipulation (i.e., causing guilt)

23
Who commits financial exploitation?
  • Strangers
  • Trusted Individuals
  • Family members
  • Partners
  • Caregivers
  • Strangers who become friends (Sweetheart Scam)
  • Lawyers, doctors and faith leaders and
    representatives
  • Interpreters who have a unique trust relationship
  • Guardians, Power of Attorney and other legal
    representatives

24
Adult Protective Services
  • Overview

25
Adult Protective Services
  • Ivory McDaniel
  • Protective Services Specialist III
  • Adult Protective Services
  • Northern Region of Alaska

26
Mandated Reporters
  • Overview

27
Mandated Reporters
28
State Statutes
  • Overview

29
State Statutes
  • William Spiers
  • Attorney
  • State of Alaska

30
Video
  • Norman part I

31
Id Rather Be Home
  • Norman Part 1

32
Id Rather Be Home
  • Norman Part 2

33
Questions?
  • Discussion
  • What factors contribute to Norman being hesitant
    about participating in criminal proceeding?
  • How does Normans wife attempt to manipulate and
    excuse the abuse?
  • Open discussion

34
For additional information please contact
  • Adult Protective Services, (800) 478-9996,
    www.hss.state.ak.us/dsds/aps.htm
  • Trooper Posts Contact Information,
    http//dps.alaska.gov/
  • VPSO, http//dps.alaska.gov/
  • National Center on Elder Abuse information on
    state government agencies, state laws,
    state-specific data and statistics, and statewide
    resources, www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • National Clearing House on Abuse in Later Life
    the nationally recognized leader on program and
    policy development, technical assistance and
    training, (608) 255-0539, www.ncall.us
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