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Integration of Human Factors in the NextGen Air Transportation System Lifecycle Acquisition Management System


Title: HF ATC/TO RE&D Program Development Author: Piccione, Dino (FAA) Last modified by: Ashley Reives Created Date: 3/5/2014 2:44:41 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Integration of Human Factors in the NextGen Air Transportation System Lifecycle Acquisition Management System

Integration of Human Factors in the NextGen Air
Transportation System Lifecycle Acquisition
Management System
  • Ashley Reives (TASC) , Edmundo Sierra (FAA)
  • April 3, 2014

Federal Aviation Administration and NextGen
  • The FAAs implementation of the Next Generation
    Air Transportation System (NexGen) is a crucial
    component of the increased capacity and
    efficiency the National Airspace (NAS)
  • The Implementation of NextGen requires the
    applications of many programs and technologies
    from diverse engineering disciplines and
  • These NextGen enablers aid NextGen in meeting
    its strategic capabilities

What is NextGen?
  • NextGen encompasses the ongoing transformations
    within the NAS and the evolution to a
    satellite-based system of air traffic management
  • The current air traffic management technology has
    been in use since the World War II era, and does
    not optimize the allocation of resources and
  • Incorporates the implementation of technologies,
    procedures and standards with the goals of
  • Increasing the safety of the NAS
  • Decreasing delays and fuel usage
  • Efficiently directing air traffic
  • More information on NextGen can be found at

The NAS as a Systems of Systems
  • The NAS is a diverse and complex system and
    incorporates the applications of many programs
    and technologies
  • The diversity of the components in the NAS
    requires a multi disciplinary approach to realize
  • The FAA utilizes systems engineering principles
    to execute projects that have been identified as
    essential to the advancement of the NAS in order
    to effectively assess the complexity of the
    projects lifecycle

The Acquisition Management System in the FAA
HF Integration and the Human Factors Acquisition
Working Group (HFAWG)
  • Human Factors is
  • The scientific discipline concerned with the
    understanding of interactions among humans and
    other elements of a system, and the profession
    that applies theory, principles, data, and other
    methods to design in order to optimize human
    well-being and overall system performance. (Human
    Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES)
  • In the FAA, the Human Factors Research and
    Engineering Division (ANG-C1) is delegated to
    manage, direct, and coordinate the agencys human
    factors research and engineering program
  • ANG-C1 authorized the formation of the Human
    Factors Acquisition Working Group (HFAWG) to
    promote the utilization of human factors
    principles and resources
  • The HFAWG is a cross-organizational body of HF
    stakeholders who support the practical
    application of human factors in the AMS

The Issue and Research Need
  • Human Factors practitioners in the FAAincluding
    members of the HFAWGoften convey the
    difficulties in increasing and enforcing program
    utilization of HF guidance and policy in the AMS
  • Programs often are unaware of the support
    available, and commonly do not seek HF
    practitioner input until late in the AMS
  • The HFAWG seeks to directly interface with
    programs to promote HF usage and identify areas
    for improved HF input in the AMS lifecycle

  • HFAWG kick-off meeting held in September 2013
  • Participantsall HF Subject Matter Experts(SMEs)
    were provided with an overview of the role of
    human factors in lifecycle acquisition management
    and decision points
  • The overview was followed by an analysis session
    to identify where changes to acquisition
    management policy, guidance, processes,
    procedures, or tools will improve the delivery of
    human factors services or provide new services of
    value to the FAA
  • The session and survey were used to assess SME
    judgment on HF usage within the AMS and stimulate

Survey Structure
  • Questions 1-2
  • Participant background
  • Questions 3-4
  • Effectiveness of the program-level overview
  • Questions 5-6
  • Resources to provide to external sources for a
    similar overview
  • Questions 7-8
  • Ranking questions on HF guidance available by
    phase of the AMS lifecycle
  • Questions 9-12
  • Open ended questions focused on the usage of HF
    guidance by individual programs in the FAA

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  • Many Programs do not know guidance is available
    or where to seek guidance
  • The HFAWG is seeking to interface with programs
    early in the acquisition lifecycle and streamline
    documentation of resources
  • Increasing the accessibility of HF guidance and
    ease of usage will improve the usage by program
    managers and document owners
  • Available guidance is not representative of all
    stages in the acquisition lifecycle
  • The HFAWG and HF community is looking to identify
    areas where increased HF will provide the
    greatest benefits to program development
  • In some phases, the greatest benefit may not be
    received by developing guidance for phases with
    the least existing documentation

  • The integration of HF in NextGen will require a
    comprehensive systems approach to integrating
    available research and guidance materials
  • The HFAWG continues to provide a forum for the
    technical exchange and development of HF
    solutions and guidance for implementation in the
    AMS lifecycle. The HFAWG is interfacing with
    stakeholders at the program and policy levels to
    identify HF needs
  • Program management and HF Specialists must
    collaborate to develop beneficial materials and
    support programs throughout all phases of the AMS

  • Questions?