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Long Term Causes of Civil War

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Title: Long Term Causes of Civil War


1
Long Term Causes of Civil War
2
  • Question of States Rights
  • Federalism a system of multiple governments in
    order to give more localized decision making
    power
  • 10th amendment reserved rights for states
  • Strong central govt vs. weak central govt
  • -- McCulloch v. Maryland federal govt has
    implied powers

3
  • The Debate Over Slavery
  • pro-slavery necessary for Souths economy
  • anti-slavery morally wrong
  • opposed to growth over slavery sectionalism
  • Comparison Chart

4
Long Term Causes of the Civil War
Pro Slavery Argument Anti-Slavery Argument

5
  • Sedition Acts limit the right of people to
    criticize govt leads to the Kentucky and
    Virginia Resolutions present idea of states
    right to nullify
  • Tariff Crisis of 1828 South Carolina disagrees,
    right to nullify or secede
  • Slavery Issues South threatens to nullify
    anti-slavery laws, North threatens to nullify
    fugitive slave laws

A History of Nullification
6
  • Sectionalism
  • issues become more and more regional in nature
  • slavery, tariffs, economics are all based on
    region
  • industrial north
  • agricultural south

7
  • Compromise of 1820
  • agree to allow Missouri enter as slave while
    Maine enters as free
  • drew a line (Missouri Compromise Line) to
    determine the future of slavery
  • solved the problem for only a short period of
    time
  • Henry Clay

8
Wilmot Proviso attempt to block slavery in
territory gained from Mexico, fails in
Congress.Compromise of 1850
  • California applies for statehood, debate begins,
    Henry Clay organizes a compromise
  • Also there is the question of Mexican territories
    remains
  • Henry Clay organizes compromise California will
    be admitted as a free state, the South will get a
    stronger fugitive slave law, popular sovereignty
    will decide the future of slavery
  • Popular sovereignty state created by will of
    people, issue of slavery should be decided by the
    people of that state

9
Fugitive Slave Law
  • Allowed slave catchers to go into free areas and
    capture runaways
  • Made helping a crime prison and/or fine
  • Suspected slaves had no rights to trial
  • Law angered Northern abolitionists start
    creating personal liberty laws to protect slaves
  • Law eased southern fears of anti-slavery
    reformers
  • Most problematic part of the Compromise of
    1850increased tensions between North and South

10
Underground Railroad
  • Many attempts relied on luck
  • Anti-slavery advocates begin helping slaves
  • Network of safe houses form to help slaves escape
  • Harriet Tubmanmost well-known conductor

11
  • In the dead of night
  • With fear and fright
  • We make our run for the north
  • Get past the hunters
  • Hide for a thousand miles
  • And persecution no more
  • A friend of a friend
  • We will be free again
  • Underground railroad is born
  • Escape to freedom
  • And hope to beat'em
  • The ones we left will mourn
  • We've made it north
  • Freedom is ours
  • But there are still millions more.

12
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13
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14
Long Term Causes of Civil War
Nullification Sectionalism Slavery

15
Which of the following is true of both the North
and the South in the mid-1800s?
  1. Both regions cherished their democratic tradition
  2. Both regions had strong communication systems
  3. Cotton was the most important cash crop in both
    regions
  4. Both economies were based on the interests of
    each region

16
What effect did the Compromise of 1850 have on
sectional differences?
  1. It settled most differences
  2. The anti-slavery movement was weakened
  3. Its fugitive slave laws increased tensions
  4. Southern discontent with abolitionists lessened

17
Which of the following was a provision of the
Compromise of 1850?
  1. California would be admitted as a free state
  2. Missouri would be admitted as a free state
  3. Slavery would be prohibited in Arizona and Utah
  4. No new states would be allowed to have slavery

18
Under popular sovereignty, the decision whether
or not to allow slavery in a territory was made by
  1. Congress
  2. The voters in that territory
  3. The Supreme Court
  4. The President

19
The purpose of the Fugitive Slave Act was to
  1. Provide safety for escaped slaves
  2. Force all Americans to help catch escaped slaves
  3. Offer freed slaves land in the west
  4. Ban slavery in the nations capital

20
All of the following were long term causes of the
Civil War except?
  1. Sectionalism
  2. Wilmot Proviso
  3. States rights v. Federal Power
  4. Compromise of 1850

21
Activity
  • Part 1 Complete reading and questions on the
    Underground Railroad. Turn in.
  • Part 2
  • Complete vocabulary worksheet
  • Create a flyer on the back of worksheet
    advertising the newly passed Compromise of 1850.
    (Be sure to include the terms of the compromise)
  • Homework Complete key vocabulary on Goal 3
    Summary Sheet
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