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WWI:The Great War

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WWI:The Great War Boys and Girls! War Savings Stamps Poster by James Montgomery Flagg 1917-18 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WWI:The Great War


1
WWIThe Great War
Boys and Girls! War Savings Stamps Poster by
James Montgomery Flagg 1917-18
2
Warm-Up What do you know about WWI?
  • Who
  • What
  • When
  • Where
  • Why

3
The First World War
  • Who?

Central Powers
Allies
-Germany -Austria-Hungary -Ottoman
Empire -Bulgaria
-Russia -France -Great Britain -Italy (becomes
allied in 1915) -Japan -United States (enters
1917)
4
The First World War
  • Entangling Alliances

Allied Powers?
5
The First World War
What?
  • War involving nearly all the nations of the world
  • When?
  • 1914-1918

Where?
  • Europe and at Sea (the Atlantic)

6
The First World War
  • Long term
  • Militarism
  • (Stockpiling of Weapons)
  • 2. Alliances
  • (France, Russia, Britain)
  • (Germany, Austria-Hungary)
  • 3. Imperialism (Africa, Asia, Pacific)
  • 4. Nationalism
  • (pride in country)
  • Why?

Short term - Assassination of Franz Ferdinand of
the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his Wife
Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg one hour before
their deaths, June 28, 1914
7
Why did it take so long for America to get
involved in the war?
  • After imperialist gains in the early 1900s
    America has retreated to isolationism.
  • Why should I get involved in someone elses
    problems

8
What did it take to get the US involved?
  • Directions Read pages 453-455 and create a
    graphic representation (chart, web, diagram) of
    the reasons the United States went to war.
  • Americans Take Sides
  • 2. Pro-British Sentiment
  • 3. Business Links
  • 4. The British Blockade
  • 5. The United States Declares War

9
What did it take to get the US involved?
1. Blockades
  • Britain blockaded (stopped) all German ships
    going to America
  • Germany announced a submarine war around Britain

UC-97 German Submarine 1917
10
What did it take to get the US involved?
1. Blockades
  • In May, 1915 Germany told Americans to stay off
    of British ships
  • They could/would sink them

11
What did it take to get the US involved?
1. Blockades
  • Lusitania torpedoed, sinking with 1200 passengers
    and crew (including 128 Americans)
  • Was eventually found to be carrying 4200 cases of
    ammunition

German Propaganda Justifying Lusitania sinking
12
What did it take to get the US involved?
1. Blockades
  • The US harshly criticized Germany for their action
  • Germany agreed not to sink passenger ships
    without warning in the future

Note in Bottle After Lusitania Disaster
13
What did it take to get the US involved?
2. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
  • 1917 Germany announced unrestricted submarine
    warfare in the war zone

Why? Otherwise their blockade would not be
successful
14
What did it take to get the US involved?
3. Zimmerman Note
  • US intercepted a note from Germany to Mexico,
  • It promised Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona back
    in return for an alliance

15
What did it take to get the US involved?
4. Taking sides
Central Powers
Allies
  • 11 million German-Americans
  • Irish-Americans hated Great Britain
  • Close cultural ties
  • Shared transatlantic cables (so censored stories)
  • Big business loaned much to allies

US Exports to both sides
16
What did it take to get the US involved?
  • Zimmerman Note the sinking of 4 unarmed
    American ships led to a declaration of war

17
How was the war looking for the allies?
Not Good...
  • Russia left the war after its communist
    revolution in 1917 (Remember Rasputin, Czar
    Alexander, and the Red Army???)
  • Made it a one front war for Germany - all its
    troops could concentrate on France

18
Convincing the American People
Idealism 2 Goals For War
1. War to End All Wars
2. Making the World Safe for Democracy
19
Letter to the President
  • It is 1917 and the United States has just
    declared war on Germany and the Central Powers.
  • Write a letter to the President Wilson explaining
    your support or opposition to the war.
  • Be sure to give specific reasons why you support
    or oppose the war.

20
America at War
21
Convincing the American People
Idealism Fourteen Points
What? President Wilsons Plan for after the war
  • Fourteen promises, including freedom of the seas
    a League of Nations to work for peace

President Woodrow Wilson
22
What did the US do to help?
Supplies
  • US provided the food, money, and fresh troops
    needed to win the war

American Troops March Through London
23
How did the War Affect the US?
Women
  • Women filled factory jobs
  • May have led 19th Amendment after the war (Gave
    women the right to vote)

African Americans
  • Black soldiers still served in Segregated Units
  • Great Migration - thousands of African
    Americans moved North to work in factories

24
How did the War Affect the US?
Enforcing Loyalty
  • Hatred of all things German
  • Ex. Liberty Cabbage
  • Espionage Act 1917 Sedition Act of 1918
    punished those against the war (many labor
    leaders)

25
(No Transcript)
26
The Homefront
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