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Global History

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Global History & Geography Word Association Flashcards 4 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Global History


1
Global History Geography
  • Word Association
  • Flashcards 4

2
Industrial Revolution1700s-1800s
  • Started in England
  • Poor working conditions and pay
  • Factory system / growth of cities (urbanization)

3
Nationalist Groups
  • India National Congress
  • The Zionists
  • The Slavs / Pan-Slavism (The Black Hand)

4
Adam Smith
  • Developed Laissez-Faire Theory (Hands Off)
  • Wrote The Wealth of Nations
  • Free trade

5
Karl Marx
  • Wanted to overthrow capitalism and develop a
    fairer system (Communism)
  • Thought workers were being exploited and urged
    them to unite History of Class Struggle
  • Wrote The Communist Manifesto Das Kapital
  • workers of the world unite

6
Berlin Conference
  • Major European nations carved up or divided
    Africa into colonies
  • Also known as the Scramble for Africa
  • The Great African Cake

7
Causes of ImperialismLate 19th Century
  • Need for raw materials and new markets
  • Belief that European culture was superior to that
    of the natives (Social Darwinism)
  • Desire to become more powerful and White Mans
    Burden (uplift or civilize the natives)

8
Spheres of Influence
  • Areas in China that were taken over or dominated
    by Europeans
  • Unequal treaties (Treaty of Nanking) placed on
    China after Opium War
  • Led to nationalist sentiment in China (Boxers)
  • similar to the outcome of the Berlin Conference

9
Chinese Revolution1911
  • Boxer Rebellion helped to cause it
  • Ended dynastic rule in China
  • Led by Sun Yat-Sen and his Three Principles

10
Meiji Restoration
  • Japan westernizes or modernizes
  • Japan doesnt fall victim to imperialism
  • Japan itself becomes imperialistic

11
Sun Yat-Sen
  • Three Principles Democracy, Nationalism,
    Livelihood (economic well-being)
  • Father of Modern Day China

12
Imperialistic JapanLate 1800s Early 1900s
  • Driven by its need for resources
  • Becomes an Asian power
  • Sino-Japan War (1894) Russo-Japan War (1904)

13
World War I
  • Trench warfare
  • Use of poison gas
  • Alliance system The Spark
  • Central Power vs. Allied Power

14
Russian Revolution
  • Bolshevik Revolution
  • Bread, Land and Peace
  • Ended Romanov Dynasty and Russia became first
    Communist nation
  • Led by Vladimir Lenin

15
Treaty of Versailles (1919)
  • Treaty signed after World War I
  • War Guilt clause
  • Heavy reparations paid by Germany
  • Germany and hyperinflation
  • Rise of Hitler

16
Kemal Ataturk
  • Father of modern day Turkey
  • Westernized and modernized Turkey
  • Similar to the Shah of Iran

17
Mohandas Gandhi
  • Fought for Indian independence from Britain
  • Civil Disobedience Passive Resistance
  • Salt March Homespun Movement

18
Adolf Hitler
  • Anti-Semitism / Holocaust / Genocide / Final
    Solution
  • Ultra-nationalistic Germany
  • Nazi Party / Fascism

19
Munich Agreement
  • Policy of appeasement Neville Chamberlain
  • Sudetenland
  • To give in or grant concessions with the hope
    that Hitler will be better in the future

20
World War II
  • Axis Powers vs. Allied Powers
  • Total War
  • Key events D-Day, Hiroshima Nagasaki

21
Post World War II
  • Marshall Plan plan to rebuild Europe
  • Japan new constitution is written and military
    is limited
  • Superpowers USA USSR begin the Cold War

22
Joseph Stalin
  • Soviet Union Communist leader
  • Makes the Soviet Union a powerful nation through
    collectivization Five Year Plans
  • Kills or exiles those who challenge him (Great
    Purges)

23
United Nations
  • Assembly of representatives from all over the
    world
  • Major purpose to promote peace among nations
  • Security Council and the General Assembly

24
Cold War1945-1989
  • Communist / Totalitarian Soviet Union vs.
    Capitalist / Democratic United States
  • Warsaw Pact (communist alliance) vs. NATO
    (democratic alliance)
  • Cold War events Berlin Airlift, Space Race,
    Cuban Missile Crisis

25
European Union / Common Market
  • End tariffs between nations
  • Promote cooperation between European nations
  • Similar to NAFTA / Greater interdependence

26
NAFTA
  • North American Free Trade Agreement
  • End tariffs between the USA, Canada, Mexico
  • Promote cooperation between North American
    countries
  • Promotes interdependence

27
OPEC
  • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • Mainly made up of Middle Eastern countries
  • Seeks to control the amount of oil exported to
    the worlds market
  • Oil as a weapon
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