If all 3 Monotheistic Religions are so Similar, why is there so much Conflict between the Religions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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If all 3 Monotheistic Religions are so Similar, why is there so much Conflict between the Religions

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Title: If all 3 Monotheistic Religions are so Similar, why is there so much Conflict between the Religions


1
If all 3 Monotheistic Religions are so Similar,
why is there so much Conflict between the
Religions
  • Objective
  • Examine Religion

2
Judaism, Christianity and Islam
  • http//www.mapsofwar.com/images/Religion.swf

3
The founding of Judaism
  • 1800BCE Hebrews left Palestine (Canaan) due to
    drought and starvation
  • Enslaved in Egypt
  • Led out of Egypt into the Sinai Peninsula by
    Moses.
  • God spoke to Moses. The Hebrews were made the
    chosen people as long as they accepted God as
    the ruler.
  • Hebrews settled in Canaan (Present day Israel).

4
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5
Israel
  • In 1025 BCE the Hebrews migrated to the fertile
    crescent
  • Israel flourished under King David and his son,
    King Solomon

6
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7
Persians Greeks and Romans
  • In 500 BCE the Persians take control
  • Tolerated Hebrews
  • The Greeks and Romans also came to rule the
    fertile crescent.

8
The Diaspora
  • 587 Jerusalem sacked by Babylonians,
  • Many Jews fled
  • In 70 AD the Romans invaded Jerusalem the Jews
    revolted against the Romans. Many were killed
    and the rest were forced to scatter throughout
    the world.
  • The Diaspora, as it was called, resulted in
    Jewish communities scattered wide. (5 million in
    Israel, 8 million in other countries today)
  • The Jews retained their culture

9
The Torah
  • Judaism the first monotheistic religion in the
    area
  • The 10 commandments were given by god to the Jews
  • The Torah was a book of laws and teaching that
    established the duties and conduct for the Jews
    in their everyday life
  • Prophets guided the Jews when they began to stray
    off path.
  • The Jews were taught that they were responsible
    for their own actions

10
Christianity
  • Jesus lived when Romans ruled Palestine
  • At 30, he began preaching. The gospels said that
    Jesus performed miracles.
  • Jesus crucifiedFollowers write gospels (stories
    about his life)

11
The messiah
  • The Jews were taught that their would be a
    messiah that would save the Jews and restore the
    Kingdom of Israel. Some Jews thought that Jesus
    was this messiah sent by god to save the Jews.
    Most Jews saw Jesus as a threat to their
    traditional beliefs
  • Romans saw Jesus as a rebel when his popularity
    grew. Jesus refused to see the Roman emperor as
    god
  • The Romans arrested him and crucified him.

12
Christianitys Teachings
  • Jesus preached one God.
  • He also preached that god loved all people,
    Jewish and Non-Jewish
  • His teaching were based on moral stories and
    lessons.
  • 'You shall love the Lord your God with all your
    heart, and with all your soul, and with all your
    mind.' "This is the great and foremost
    commandment. "And a second is like it, 'You shall
    love your neighbor as yourself.' On these two
    commandments depend the whole Law and the
    Prophets.
  • "If I then, the Lord and the Teacher, washed your
    feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet.
    For I gave you an example that you also should do
    as I did to you." (Jesus (after cleaning the feet
    of His followers) as quoted by John 1314-15)

13
Diffusion of Christianity
  • The teachings of Jesus after his death were
    written in the New Testament
  • Follower called Christians
  • Missionaries (like Peter and Paul) began
    spreading Christianity throughout the Roman
    empire
  • Many were persecuted due to their refusal to
    acknowledge the Roman gods
  • http//www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/reli
    gion/maps/christ.html

14
Islam
  • Muhammads parents die
  • Uncle takes care of him
  • He travels a lot
  • Meets wealthy woman and marries her
  • Lives a rich life
  • Begins meditating in a cave regularly.
  • One day is confronted by Gabriel who orders him
    to preach the word of Allah to the people

15
Muhammads Message
  • Muhammad begins spreading the message in Mecca
  • He denounces those worshiping idols
  • He and his followers are forced to leave to
    Medina (Hejira). This became the 1st year of the
    Muslim calendar.
  • After accruing a large army of followers, he went
    back to Mecca, claimed the city, smashed the
    idols and dedicated the Kaaba to god.

16
Kaaba
17
Koran
  • Sacred book of Islam
  • The precise words of God revealed to Muhammad
  • All areas of life including politics, law,
    economics, social life, religion, etc.
  • Honor Parents, Be respectful and kind, protect
    the less fortunate, treat people as equals,
    Muslims were one brotherhood

18
Other Beliefs
  • The Christian and Jewish Gods are the same as the
    Muslim God
  • Believe in the final day of judgment
  • Only the faithful will be rewarded with eternal
    life in heaven
  • Referred to Jews and Christians as people of the
    book and respected them and accepted the Jewish
    and Christian scriptures as Gods word

19
Spread of Islam
  • Islam spread like wildfire across the middle
    east.
  • Arab armies were united under the teachings and
    all who fought with the Arab army would claim a
    spot in paradise
  • Jihad The idea that they were fighting for Islam

The Islamic World expansion, 622-750   Expansion
622-632 Dark Red   Expansion 632-661 Light
Red   Expansion 661-750 Orange
20
Division of Islam
  • Shiites (Shia)- Believe that beginning with
    Muhammad's daughter (Fatimah Zahra) and then
    cousin (Ali ibn Abi Talib or Ali), that the
    successor to the prophet must be a descendent of
    the prophet himself.
  • Sunni believe that any follower of Islam can be
    the Caliph
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