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JCAA AVIATION SEMINAR Optimizing Airport Capacity to Meet Growth in Air Commerce Airport Capacity Factors Runway Capacity Taxiway Capacity Apron Capacity Terminal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • Optimizing Airport Capacity to Meet Growth in
    Air Commerce

Airport Capacity Factors
  • Runway Capacity
  • Taxiway Capacity
  • Apron Capacity
  • Terminal Capacity
  • Flight Scheduling

Runway Capacity
  • Factors affecting RWY capacity
  • Runway configuration length
  • Aircraft mix (Wide body, Narrow body . to GA)
  • RWY occupancy time
  • Aircraft separation
  • Weather
  • Noise

Taxiway Capacity
  • Taxiway Capacity
  • Number of taxiways
  • Configuration
  • Rapid Exit
  • Parallel and link
  • RWY/Taxiway separation compliance
  • Weather

Apron Capacity
  • Multiple Aircraft Ramp System (MARS)
  • Apron Configuration
  • Aircraft Mix
  • Distance of Gates from Central Processing Area
  • Aircraft Docking System
  • ATC procedures
  • Apron Management System
  • Loading Bridge Vs Pax Stairs

Passenger Terminal
  • Passenger Processing Systems
  • Security Processing
  • Border Control Processing
  • Customs Processing
  • Terminal Configuration
  • Central Lounge Vs Gate Lounge
  • Space adequacy
  • Information and Communication
  • Baggage Handling Systems

The Efficient Airport of the Future (SITA)
Expected Check-in Business Process Changes
  • Check-in moves out of the terminal to the
  • 40 50 Web check-in
  • 20 30 Kiosk check-in
  • 10 20 Mobile check-in
  • 10 20 Agent check-in
  • Airlines move to low cost virtual branding rather
    than expensive branding based on physical airport
  • Airports move to common use infrastructure

Boarding at the Gate
Self-boarding gates
Fast Track Lane
Source IER
Border Control (SITA)
Expected Changes in the Baggage Business Processes
  • Passengers tagging own bags
  • At home with new permanent RFID tags
  • At the terminal with kiosks
  • Passengers paying for off site bag processing at
    ships, hotels, resorts and convention centers
  • Off site bags delivered directly airside for
  • Airport terminal bag processing taking 15 30
  • Access passenger PNR and check documents
  • Turn Inactive tags Active
  • At general drop off station rather than airline
    dedicated counters
  • (SITA)

Integrated Baggage Management / RFID
Impact on Security business processes
  • Data mining and data linking identify suspicious
    persons who get preferential screening
  • New physical security technologies provide faster
    walk through screening processes
  • Registered traveler programs help pay for the

  • But optimizing passenger processes only moves
    the airports constraint to the ramp or airfield

Impact on Airport Design and Operation
  • Terminal efficiency increases significantly,
    allowing the process of 30 to 60 more passenger
    within the same infrastructure
  • Airports facilitates shared passenger flow rather
    than airline specific passenger flow
  • Airports provide a shared IT infrastructure
    allowing information interchange and
    collaborative decision making
  • Airports need less space for passenger processing
  • Airports use space for retail business and social
    interaction rather than queuing and processing

Airport business model evolution
Airport tenants requirements become more
sophisticated as back and front office systems
Emergence of the Aerotropolis
  • Airports today are much more than aviation
    infrastructures. They have become multimodal,
    multifunctional enterprises generating
    significant commercial development within and
    well beyond their boundaries.

Just as we have Central Cities and the
greater Metropolis, we now have Airport
Cities and the greater Aerotropolis. - Tae Hoon
Oum President, The Air Transport Research
  • New business processes and technologies are being
    deployed today to
  • Speed up passenger processing while enhancing
  • Facilitate faster turn around times
  • Allow existing terminals to handle 30 to 60 more
  • However it is only possible if
  • Information is interchanged between all
  • Processes and technologies follow some reasonable
    standards and sensibility to deployment cost to
    ensure adoptions
  • Airport designs incorporate the new concepts
  • (SITA)

NMIA Modernization Programme
  • Capital Development Programme Phase 1A
  • Terminal Systems Enhancements

NMIA Common Use Systems
  • CUNI Common Use Network Infrastructure
  • CUPPS System (Check-In Counters Gates)
  • CUSS Kiosks
  • Local Departure Control System (LDCS)
  • Dynamic Signage (Airline counter identification)
  • Scales, Baggage Conveyors, X-Ray Machine
  • Common Use Telephone System

Common Use Network Infrastructure (CUNI)
  • NMIA has implemented a robust, high speed, common
    use network infrastructure (CUNI) based on fibre
    optic technology across the airport for use by
    all airport tenants.
  • This has allowed NMIA to run operations from one
    common network, eliminating the costs of building
    and maintaining separate systems for data, video
    and voice.
  • The network is centrally managed, which enables
    NMIA to respond faster to operational issues.

Common Use Network Infrastructure (CUNI)
  • Connecting Users The network has enabled new
    operating efficiencies among airport personnel
    security, airlines, customs, immigration, and has
    improved customer service and access to various
    services by airport customers and passengers.
  • Connecting Systems - The network - facilitates
    new applications increased productivity and cost
    efficiencies for airport operations. It has
    enabled enhanced processes, such as passenger
    processing systems (CUPPS CUSS) utilizes audio
    paging and video-on-demand to deliver multimedia
    content to flight information monitors and
    airport lounges.
  • Most importantly, the infrastructure upgrades
    ensure a highly-secure and reliable network.

Common Use Network Infrastructure (CUNI)
  • The network has become the most important piece
    of infrastructure we own, as every facet of our
    business is now connected including check-in and
    boarding systems, baggage management, immigration
    and passport control, CCTV, access control,
    paging, building management, flight/baggage/gate
    information systems and voice systems.

Common Use Passenger Processing System (CUPPS)
  • CUPPS is an upgrade of the Common Use Terminal
    Equipment (CUTE) system and provides a
    standardised system platform for common use
    implementation at airports.
  • Deployed at NMIA since opening of expanded and
    modernized terminal in 2007 to optimise check-in
    counter and gate resources for airlines.

CUPPS in the Caribbean
  • Jamaica NMIA and MBJ
  • Barbados
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Grenada
  • Curacao
  • Note AAJ had introduced a partial a partial
    CUTE system (i.e. Local Departure Control System
    (LDCS) at SIA in 2001 for handling agents and
    gate management.

NMIA - Check-in Counter allocation Pre and Post
  • Airlines Before After
  • Air Canada - 6 6
  • Air Jamaica - 21 20 (12)
  • American Airlines - 12 6 (8)
  • British Airways - 7 6
  • Caribbean Airlines - 5 6
  • Virgin Atlantic - - 14
  • Handling Agents
  • AJAS - 12 6 per flight
  • Jamaica Dispatch - 5 6 per flight
  • TOTAL 68 54 in use
  • Cayman Airways, COPA, Delta, Spirit, SkyKing,
    Jet Blue

CUPPS Counter Components
  • Workstation (Computer)
  • Keyboard with integrated OCR MSR
  • Airline Ticket Boarding Pass Printer (ATB)
  • To support magnetically encoded ATB2 documents,
    1D Bar Code and the new 2D Bar Code (PDF417)
  • Bag Tag Printer (BTP)
  • Boarding Gate Reader (BGR)
  • Multi-Function Document Reader (MFDR)

Local Departure Control System (LDCS)
  • The CUPPS system allows scheduled airlines access
    to their own host departure control systems
  • Carriers without a dedicated system, have access
    to the Local Departure Control System (LDCS)
    which allows participation in the Common Use

Common Use Self Service (CUSS) Kiosks
  • Self-service check-in kiosks facilitates a faster
    check-in process, especially for passengers with
    no checked baggage.
  • CUSS) kiosks provides similar benefits to CUPPS
    in the form of operational flexibility and
    reduced costs of ownership to the airlines and
    the airport.
  • 6 CUSS Kiosks installed at NMIA to be increased
    to 10.

Common Use Self Service (CUSS) Kiosks
  • Benefits to customers
  • Easier and faster passage through the airport
  • Faster check-in
  • Remote check-in capabilities (car parks, hotels.
    car rental return facilities) reduce airport

Common Use Self Service (CUSS) Kiosks
  • Benefits to airlines
  • Economies of scale benefits from shared common-
    use terminals
  • Reduces airport counter requirements
  • Improves staff productivity
  • Generates average per check-in saving of US2.50
  • 40 market penetration of self-service check-in
    will save US1 billion per year
  • Source IATA

Common Use Self Service (CUSS) Kiosks
  • Benefits to airports
  • Improved capacity utilisation limiting the need
    for expensive infrastructure development
  • Managing the concourse "real-estate" to improve
    process flow for airlines and passengers

Bar-Coded Boarding Passes (BCBP)
  • Bar coded boarding passes, one of IATA's five
    Simplifying the Business initiatives. Equipped to
    handle at counter and gates, old magnetic stripe
    as well as IATA industry standard 2D bar codes
    that take advantage of the efficiencies offered
    by the industry's conversion to 100 electronic
  • The goal is to reduce lines at airports and
    reduce airline costs associated with check-in
  • Customers will be empowered to print their own
    boarding pass at home or at the office and thus
    avoid queues for check-in. 
  • Airlines will have more options for providing
    boarding passes using different technologies.

Thank You !
  • Questions
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