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THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865

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THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865 Union vs Confederacy Union Leaders Abraham Lincoln Ulysses Grant Frederick Douglass 54th Massachusetts Regiment The first black unit in the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865


1
THE CIVIL WAR1861-1865
  • Union vs Confederacy

2
Union Leaders
3
Abraham Lincoln
  • President of the US during the Civil War
  • Insisted that the Union be held together, by
    force if necessary.

4
Ulysses Grant
  • Union military commander, who won victories over
    the South after several Union commanders had
    failed.

5
Frederick Douglass
He urged Lincoln to recruit former slaves to
fight in the Union army.
6
54th Massachusetts Regiment
  • The first black unit in the Union Army to see
    military action.
  • Suicide Mission

7
Confederate Leaders
8
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
9
Robert E. Lee
  • General of Confederate Army
  • Opposed secession, but did not believe the Union
    should be held together by force.

10
Union Advantages
11
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12
  • Larger Population
  • More troops

13
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14
  • More factories
  • More supplies (guns, railroads,weapons)
  • More money

15
Confederate Advantages
16
  • Military Colleges in South
  • Better Generals Soldiers
  • Fighting for freedom (stronger will to win)

17
Battles and Their Results
18
Fort Sumter (April 1861)
  • Charleston Harbor (SC)
  • Opening confrontation of the Civil War

19
Bull Run (Manassas, July 1861)
  • Demonstrated that war would not end quickly
  • Southern victory

20
Antietam / Sharpsburg (Sept 1862)
  • This Union victory led to the issuance of the
    Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Bloodiest battle of war

21
Gettysburg (July 1863)
Union victory and turning point of the
war. Lincoln dedicated a national cemetery here
and gave the famous Gettysburg Address.
22
Shermans march to the sea (Summer 1864)
  • Gen. Sherman led a march through the South
  • He burned every city and farm he passed through
  • Wanted to cripple the Southern economy

23
April 2, 1865
  • Richmond falls to Union General Grant

24
Appomattox Court House (April 1865)
  • Lee surrenders to Grant
  • Lee urged southerners to accept defeat
  • Officially ended war

25
End of Civil War
26
Economic cost
  • Over 20 billion spent
  • 2/3rd of the wealth of the South destroyed

27
Economic and Social Impact of War
28
Northern economy grew 50
  • Industries increased production to create
    material for war
  • North and Midwest emerged with strong and growing
    industrial economies

29
Northern economy grew 50
  • Set the stage for the emergence of the US as a
    global power by the beginning of the 20th
    century.
  • Completion of the transcontinental railroad
    intensified the westward movement of settlers
    into the states between the Mississippi River and
    the Pacific Ocean

30
South left embittered and devastated by war.
  • Farms, railroads, factories destroyed
  • Agricultural labor system destroyed
  • Many freedmen (former slaves) migrated north and
    west
  • Disorganized society

31
South left embittered and devastated by war.
  • Shortage of food, shelter and jobs
  • Richmond and Atlanta in ruins
  • Will remain a backward, agriculture-based economy
    and the poorest section of the nation for many
    decades

32
Political Results
  • Established power of Republican Party
  • Strengthened concept of union
  • North dominated government
  • Led to emergence of powerful Democratic Party in
    South (the Solid South)
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