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Politics of the Roaring Twenties

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Politics of the Roaring Twenties * The policies of his administration were conservative, regarding taxes, tariffs, immigration restriction, labor rights, and business ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Politics of the Roaring Twenties


1
Politics of the Roaring Twenties
2
Post-WWI Politics and Social Issues
  • 1920 election
  • Warren G. Harding a Return to Normalcy

3
Post-WWI Politics and Social Issues
  • Politics of the 20s Characterized by
  • a conservative reaction to the international and
    domestic activism of the Progressive Era
  • Renewed isolationism pull away from involvement
    in word affairs

4
Post-WWI Politics and Social Issues
  • Resurgence of Nativism

5
Post-WWI Politics and Social Issues
  • Growth of the culture of consumerism
  • Americans began to work fewer hours, earn higher
    salaries, invest in the stock market, and buy
    everything from washing machines to Model T Fords

6
Post-WWI Politics and Social Issues
  • Paradoxes (inconsistencies) of the era
  • Prohibition, flappers, fundamentalists, the
    Harlem Renaissance and the rebirth of the Ku Klux
    Klan

7
Revolution Abroad and Reaction at Home
  • The Russian Revolution
  • Czar Nicholas II, the Russian ruler steps down on
    March 15, 1917
  • November, radicals seized the government and
    established the worlds first Communist state.

8
Vladimir Illyich Lenin
  • Vladimir Lenin
  • Established communism in Russia
  • Based on the teachings of Karl Marx and Friedrich
    Engels

9
Communism
  • In a communist society, labor is the shared
    equally as well, and the benefits of labor are
    distributed according to need

10
Red Scare in the US
  • About 70,000 radicals joined called the Reds
    joined US Communist Party
  • Communist talked about abolishing private
    property
  • Substituting government ownership of factories
  • Caused fear in many people

11
A. Mitchell Palmer
  • Attorney General decided to take action to combat
    Red Scare
  • Appointed J. Edgar Hoover in charge of the
    antiradical division of the Justice Department

12
Palmer Raids
  • Sent agents to hunt down Communists, Socialists
    and anarchists- oppose any form of govt.
  • The agents often disregarded the rights of the
    people they arrested.

13
Palmer Raids
  • Palmer never found evidence of a conspiracy to
    overthrow the government, and the fear passed

14
(No Transcript)
15
Sacco and Vanzetti
  • Among the more celebrated victims of the Red
    Scare were two Italian aliens, admitted
    anarchists named
  • Nicola Sacco and Bartolome Vanzetti
  • Charged with robbery and murder in 1920.

16
Sacco and Vanzetti
  • Robbed and killed a factory paymaster and his
    guard
  • Arrested 3 weeks later, admitted they were
    anarchists, but not crime.

17
Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
  • The men were arrested in 1920 and executed seven
    years later, less for the crime they apparently
    did not commit than for their nationality and
    radical beliefs

18
Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
  • Vanzetti claimed that the trial had not been
    about murder, but rather his ideology and ethnic
    heritage

19
Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
  • 1961 ballistics tests showed Saccos gun had
    killed the guard
  • August 23, 1977, Mass. Gov. Michael Dukakis
    declared unfair trial

20
Klan Rises Again
  • In 1915, Colonel William Joseph Simmons revived
    the organization
  • 1915 Whites climbed up Stone Mountain, Georgia,
    and burned a huge cross and announced the rebirth
    of the Klan

21
Klan Rises Again
  • Whereas the old Klan was a Southern instrument of
    racial oppression, the new Klan was strong in
    many parts of the country (especially the
    Midwest)

22
Klan Rises Again
  • This new KKK promoted "100 Americanism"
  • Protestantism
  • Charity
  • Motherhood
  • Morality
  • Temperance
  • Education

23
Klan Rises Again
  • So what's not 100 American?
  • Their main targets include
  • Roman Catholics
  • Jews
  • African-Americans

24
Klan Rises Again
  • According to Hiram Wesley Evans, an "Imperial
    Wizard" of the KKK
  • "Every instinct, every interest, every dictate of
    conscience and public spirit insists that white
    supremacy forever shall be maintained."

25
Klan Tactics
  • Burning crosses outside peoples homes
  • Whippings and lynching to terrorize blacks and
    immigrants
  • Supported all efforts to limit immigration

26
Politics of the Roaring Twenties
  • Daily Quiz

27
Who are Reds?
  • Communists

28
Whose aim was to preserve the United States for
white native-born Protestants?
  • KKK

29
The Palmer raids were organized to root out
groups whose activities
  • posed a clear danger to the country.

30
Who were convicted because they were anarchists
not for their crime?
  • Sacco and Vanzetti

31
Who called for workers of the world to overthrow
their governments?
  • Lenin

32
Why did many Americans fear Vladimir I. Lenin and
his followers, the Bolsheviks?
  • They promoted a system that was hostile to
    American values.

33
Name the first director of the FBI.
  • J. Edgar Hoover
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