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Chapter 26: Cold War Conflicts (Section 1)


Mr. Colburn 11th Grade United States History Since 1877 In the aftermath of World War II, the US and the Soviet Union (USSR) possessed very different visions for the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 26: Cold War Conflicts (Section 1)

Chapter 26 Cold War Conflicts (Section 1)
  • Mr. Colburn
  • 11th Grade United States History Since 1877

Section 1 Origins of the Cold War
  • In the aftermath of World War II, the US and the
    Soviet Union (USSR) possessed very different
    visions for the future.
  • Germany is finished. The real problem is
    Russia. I cant get the Americans to see it.
    Winston Churchill

I. Former Allies Clash
  • Communism vs. Democratic Capitalism.
  • World War II rivalry still existed.
  • USs delayed entry into the war.
  • Disagreed on war strategy.
  • The USSR had a past history of supporting Hitler.

A. The Yalta Conference (1945)
  • American, British, and Russian allies met at
    Yalta to discuss peace terms with Germany.
  • FDR tried to get Russia to declare war on Japan.
  • The US and USSR disagreed over Polands future.
  • Debate over what government Poland should become
    (Democratic or Communist)

A. The United Nations
  • The United Nations was created in San Francisco
    in April of 1945.
  • Major goals
  • Countries agreed to settle differences peacefully
  • Promote justice and cooperation
  • Take collective measures to prevent future wars.

A. The United Nations
  • The US, China, USSR, France, and Great Britain
    all hold permanent seats on the UN security
    council and possess the power to veto proposed
  • The UN supported anti-Communist measures
    throughout the Cold War.

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B. Truman Becomes President/Potsdam
  • President Roosevelt passed away on April 12,
  • Succeeded by Harry Truman
  • People were worried about Truman.
  • Trumans first test was at Potsdam in July 1945.
  • Final wartime conference
  • Stalin prevented Poland from obtaining free
  • Truman received word that the atomic bomb was
    ready for use.

II. Tensions Mount
  • Trumans goals were undermined by Stalin.
  • Stalin wanted specific war reparations from
  • The US wanted to allow former Nazi nations to
    establish governments based on self-determination.
  • The US also wanted access to Eastern European

A. Soviets in Eastern Europe
  • The USSR was devastated by World War II.
  • 17-20 million Soviet deaths
  • They felt entitled to countries in Eastern
  • The USSR set up a buffer zone of Communist
    satellite nations in Eastern Europe.
  • Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovokia, Hungary,
    Romania, East Germany, Finland, and Yugoslavia

B. Containment
  • George F. Kenan proposed that the United States
    adopt a foreign policy of containment.
  • At this point, Europe was divided into two main
    political regions.
  • The mostly communist East
  • The mostly democratic West
  • Winston Churchill described the situation in
    Europe as an iron curtain.

II. Cold War in Europe
  • The conflicting US and Soviet aims in Eastern
    Europe led to the Cold War.
  • The competition that developed between the United
    States and the Soviet Union for power and
    influence in the world.
  • The Cold War was characterized by political and
    economic conflict and military tensions.

A. The Truman Doctrine
  • Soviets threatened the Communist takeover of
    Greece and Turkey.
  • Truman outlined the Truman Doctrine in his
    request to aid Greece and Turkey.
  • The United States put containment to work by
    donating 400 million to Greece and Turkey.
  • The Truman Doctrine
  • it must be the policy of the United States to
    support free peoples who are resisting attempted
    subjugation conquest by armed minorities or by
    outside pressures.

B. The Marshall Plan
  • Western Europe was in shambles after World War
  • Sec. of State George Marshall proposed that the
    US provide aid to all European nations that
    needed it.
  • This relief proposal became known as the Marshall
  • 16 countries
  • 13 billion in aid.
  • Hindered Communist appeal to voters

III. The Struggle for Germany
  • Germany was divided into four occupation zones.
  • US, France, GB, USSR
  • US, France, GB unified their zones into one.
  • Berlin was divided in into East and West Berlin.
  • East Berlin USSR (Comm.)
  • West Berlin US, GB, France (Democratic)

A. The Berlin Airlift
  • Stalin blocked roads into West Berlin in an
    attempt to starve the city into Communism.
  • US British officials started the Berlin airlift
    to fly foods and supplies into West Berlin.
  • Stalin lifted the blockade
  • US reputation around the world increased.

B. The NATO Alliance
  • Stalins actions including the Berlin blockade
    caused Western nations to fear Soviet aggression.
  • 10 Western European nations, along with the US
    Canada formed a defensive military alliance
    called the North Atlantic Treat Organization on
    April 4, 1949.
  • Member nations pledged to support one another if
  • 500,000 troops
  • Numerous amount of equipment
  • The Cold War ended US isolationism.