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Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Critiquing

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Sarah Last modified by: Rutherford County Schools Created Date: 3/10/2012 10:56:09 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Critiquing


1
Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Critiquing
2
What is a summary?
3
A summary is
  • A condensed version of the original piece of
    information.
  • A summary mentions only the main points and
    ideas.

4
For Example
  • Imagine your friend is telling you a secret
    about something that happened during lunch
    yesterday, but your friend only has two minutes
    to tell you this juicy secret.
  • You say, Girl, just summarize what happened
    because we dont have time for all the details.
  • Your friend will only tell you the
    most important parts of the secret.

5
  • Summarizing involves condensing the original main
    ideas into a shorter and more specific text.

6
  • Sample Summary
  • Original Text Summary

The worlds top athletes with disabilities
compete at the Paralympic Games, which are held
just after the Olympics and at the same location.
Competing at the international level requires
the same dedication and skill of athletes with
disabilities as are required of all athletes.
Besides offering the participants entertainment
and social contact, the Paralympic Games help its
competing athletes to improve their physical
strength, muscular coordination, and
self-confidence.
The Paralympic Games possess some of the most
amazing athletes from around the world. Although
these athletes have disabilities, they must
display the same amount of talent and stamina as
regular athletes. The Paralympics takes place
immediately following the Olympics, and the games
help to provide support, entertainment, and
guidance to its athletes.
7
Example from the EOC book
Very good. Now, explain why it is a summary.
8
What is a Paraphrase?
  • Paraphrasing is restating the words of another
    person in your own words.
  • You do not change the meaning of the original
    text.
  • You do not shorten the information. It is the
    same length as the original.

9
For Example
  • Imagine that youre in the same situation. Your
    friend is telling you that juicy secret from
    yesterdays lunch. However, this time, you want
    all the details.
  • You say, Dont leave anything out! I want to
    hear all the details!
  • Your friend is not going to remember everything
    that was said word-for-word, so she will most
    likely paraphrase what was said
    by putting it in her own words.

10
  • Sample Paraphrase
  • Original Text Paraphrase

The worlds top athletes with disabilities
compete at the Paralympic Games, which are held
just after the Olympics and at the same location.
Competing at the international level requires
the same dedication and skill of athletes with
disabilities as are required of all athletes.
Besides offering the participants entertainment
and social contact, the Paralympic Games help its
competing athletes to improve their physical
strength, muscular coordination, and
self-confidence.
The most elite athletes with disabilities from
around the world can compete on an international
level at the Paralympic Games, which immediately
follow the Olympics. With the same skills and
determination needed of all athletic
participants, the disabled athletes gather to
compete and socialize. Many find that the
experience increases their self-esteem,
endurance, and coordination.
11
Example from EOC Book
  • Paraphrase
  • Lincoln's secretary of state, William Seward,
    recognized that the Emancipation Proclamation had
    restrictions when he stated, We show our
    sympathy with slavery by emancipating slaves
    where we cannot reach them and holding them in
    bondage where we can set them free.

12
What is a Critique?
A critique evaluates a written piece of work,
while a summary reiterates the main idea and key
points of a piece of work.

13
Think about it
  • Criticism is the practice of analyzing,
    interpreting, or evaluating a creative work, an
    essay, or article.
  • A critique can be written about anything.
  • But remember, its based on opinions.
  • What does a movie critic do?
  • What does a book critic do?
  • What does a food critic do?

14
Sample Movie Review The Lorax
  • The new animated update of Dr. Seuss's
    environmental classic The Lorax is a lot like its
    target audience. It never sits still, runs around
    willy-nilly trying to locate a style that suits
    it, and bounces off the walls in a unceasing
    attempt to get your attention. Stealing some
    attitude from Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs,
    ancillary character slapstick from Despicable Me,
    faux Pixar cuteness, and a message mined from
    dozens of pro-Earth ecological screeds, it's both
    winning and whining, unable to settle down long
    enough to finds its own unique groove. Yet thanks
    in most part to the way in which directors Chris
    Renaud and Kyle Balda handle the majority of the
    material, and the cheek inherent in Ken Daurio
    and Cinco Paul's script, what could have been a
    trial ends up a rather amusing treat
  • In fact, by the end, The Lorax is a giddy,
    grin-producing guilty pleasure. You know you
    shouldn't fall for its made-by-committee charms,
    but the final product practically dares you to
    hate it. Sometimes, the dislike is easily
    distinguished. Most of the time, however, we are
    awash in well-made, if unruly, whimsy. -Bill
    Gibron
  • Bill Gibron is a veteran film critic from Tampa,
    Florida.

15
Example from EOC Book
16
Practice 1-15
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