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ERDF 156: Developing National Environmental Monitoring Infrastructure and Capacity

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Title: ERDF 156: Developing National Environmental Monitoring Infrastructure and Capacity


1

MEPAs EU Directive marine data requirements
current marine monitoring, collection and
infrastructure development
Unit A Environmental Permitting Unit Unit C
Ecosystems Unit Information Resources Unit
2
Overview
  • Marine data requirements and monitoring
    initiatives
  • Marine Strategy Framework Directive
  • Water Framework Directive
  • Marine Data related management, collection and
    infrastructure development

3
(No Transcript)
4
I Marine data requirements and monitoring
initiatives ? Marine Strategy Framework
Directive (2008/56/EC)
5
Objective
  • To achieve or maintain Good Environmental Status
    (GES) in the marine environment by 2020
  • Defines marine waters as
  • waters, the seabed and subsoil on the seaward
    side of the baseline from which the extent of
    territorial waters is measured extending to the
    outmost reach of the area where a Member State
    has and/or exercises jurisdictional rights, in
    accordance with Unclos and
  • coastal waters as defined by the Water Framework
    Directive, their seabed and subsoil, in so far as
    particular aspects of the environmental status of
    the marine environment are not already addressed
    through that Directive or other Community
    legislation

6
Plan of Action (stipulated by the Directive)
  • By 15 July 2012
  • - Initial Assessment
  • - determination of a set of characteristics for
    Good Environmental Status (GES)
  • - establishment of a series of environmental
    targets and associated indicators.
  • By 15 July 2014
  • - establishment and implementation of a
    monitoring programme
  • By 15 July 2015
  • - development of a programme of measures
    designed to achieve or maintain GES
  • By 2016
  • - programme of measures is operational

7
Initial Assessment
  • Analysis of essential features and
    characteristics to determine current
    environmental status of marine waters based on
    Table 1 of Annex III
  • Analysis of the predominant pressures and impacts
    on the environmental status based on Table 2 of
    Annex III
  • - covering the main cumulative and synergistic
    effects
  • - taking into account assessments made as per
    existing Community legislation
  • Socio-economic analysis of the use of marine
    waters and of the cost of degradation of the
    marine environment.

8
Characteristics, pressures and impacts (Annex III)
  • Table 1 (characteristics)
  • - physical and chemical features (temperature,
    salinity, currents)
  • - Habitat types (benthic habitats and water
    column habitats)
  • - Biological features (Seabirds, Fish, Marine
    Mammals and Turtles)
  • Table 2 (pressures and impacts)
  • - physical loss
  • - physical damage
  • - other physical disturbance (noise litter)
  • - Interference with hydrological processes
  • - Contamination by hazardous substances
  • - Systematic and/or intentional release of
    substances
  • - Nutrient and organic matter enrichment
  • - Biological disturbance

9
Definition of Good Environmental Status
  • MS shall determine a set of characteristics for
    Good Environmental Status on the basis of eleven
    descriptors listed in Annex I of the Directive
  • Criteria and associated indicators for assessing
    the extent to which GES is being achieved are
    stipulated in Commission Decision 2010/477/EU
    adopted in September 2010.

10
Annex I Descriptors of GES
Descriptor 1 Biological diversity is
maintained. Descriptor 2 Non-indigenous
species Descriptor 3 Commercially exploited fish
and shellfish Descriptor 4 Marine food
webs Descriptor 5 Nutrient Enrichment Descriptor
6 Sea-floor integrity Descriptor 7 Alteration
of hydrographical conditions Descriptor 8
Concentrations of contaminants Descriptor 9
Contaminants in fish and other seafood Descriptor
10 Marine litter Descriptor 11 Introduction of
energy, including underwater noise
11
Establishment of Environmental Targets
  • MS shall identify environmental targets and
    indicators to assess and guide progress towards
    achievement of GES
  • established on the basis of the initial
    assessment
  • taking into account the indicative list of
    pressures and impacts set out in Table 2 of Annex
    III
  • ensuring that targets and indicators are
    compatible with existing environmental targets
    laid down at national, Community or international
    level in respect of the same waters.

12
Monitoring Programme Programme of Measures
  • Monitoring Programme aimed at ongoing
    assessments of the environmental status of marine
    waters on the basis of the elements set out in
    Annex III and by reference to environmental
    targets established as per Article 10.
  • Programme of Measures measures to achieve or
    maintain GES, determined as per Article 9 The
    measures shall be devised on the basis of the
    initial assessment (Article 8) and by reference
    to the environmental targets (Article 10)

13
Marine data requirements and monitoring
initiatives ? Water Framework Directive
(2000/60/EC)
14
(No Transcript)
15
What is the WFD ?
  • Expands the scope of water protection to ALL
    waters
  • Water management based on river basins (Water
    Catchments). Smallest water management unit is
    the Water Body.
  • Aims at achieving "good status" for water bodies
    by a set deadline (2015, 2021, or 2027).
  • Allows the use of exemptions
  • Main management tool is the Water Catchment
    Management Plan ( or River Basin Management Plan)
  • Concept of Cost recovery
  • Prescriptive where Public involvement is of
    concern
  • Streamlines all water related legislation

16
Competencies
  • 2 Competent Authorities
  • Ministry for Energy and Water Conservation
  • Malta Environment Planning Authority

Legal Notice 194 of 2004 (Water Policy Framework
Regulations, 2004)
17
Stages in preparing for the plan
?
18
Characterisation
9 water bodies - 7 natural water bodies and 2
heavily modified water bodies
  • Exposure (prevailing winds, water depth, fetch)
  • Mean Water Temperature
  • Water currents

19
Classification of Water Body Status (Natural
waters)
20
Status of our waters first WCMP
  • Coastal Water Status
  • Classification of water body status based on
  • - P. oceanica data
  • Qualitative pressure-risk analysis
  • Water bodies in good-high status with three
    exceptions
  • Exemptions in 3 water bodies
  • 1 natural and 2 heavily modified waters
  • Exemptions relate to both ecological and chemical
    status. The exemptions requested are to extend
    the
  • deadline for the achievement of good status from
    2015 to 2021.

21
Achieving the plans objectives Programme of
Measures
  • The measures described within the plan call for
    the action of a wide body of stakeholders
    government agencies and various practitioners.
  • Measures are the outcome of an intensive public
    consultation period.
  • To ensure the proper implementation of the
    management measures, an Interministerial
    Committee has been set up to oversee the actual
    implementation of these measures on the ground.
  • Measures include
  • Basic measures (e.g. UWWD, Nitrates, Bathing
    Water, Basic WFD measures)
  • Supplementary measures (e.g. regulatory measures,
    studies, management plans, guidance documents,
    further monitoring)

22
Monitoring of water status WFD Article 8
  • Member States shall ensure the establishment of
    programmes for the monitoring of water status.
    Such monitoring shall be in accordance with the
    requirements of Annex V of the WFD.
  • Three types of monitoring programmes
  • Surveillance monitoring is required to assess
    long term trends and the classification of
    ecological and chemical status.
  • Operational monitoring is required for those
    water bodies at risk of failing to achieve the
    objectives of the WFD.
  • Investigative monitoring is required to determine
    the extent and effects in case of accidental
    pollution or to determine the reason for
    exceedances where it is unknown.

22
23
Monitoring Coastal Waters 1st baseline (ERDF
156)
Biological Quality Elements Hydromorphological elements Chemicals and Supporting Physico-chemical elements
Macroalgae along rocky shores (CARLIT) Depth variation, structure and substrate of the coastal bed, direction of dominant currents and wave exposure Transparency, temperature, oxygen, salinity, nutrients as measured in water
Diversity of benthic invertebrates (AMBI) Depth variation, structure and substrate of the coastal bed, direction of dominant currents and wave exposure Transparency, temperature, oxygen, salinity, nutrients as measured in water
Seagrass Posidonia oceanica (PREI) Depth variation, structure and substrate of the coastal bed, direction of dominant currents and wave exposure Priority chemical substances at EU level and chemicals of national concern as measured where most relevant in water, sediment and biota.
Phytoplankton (taxonomic composition, abundance, biomass and presence of blooms) Depth variation, structure and substrate of the coastal bed, direction of dominant currents and wave exposure Priority chemical substances at EU level and chemicals of national concern as measured where most relevant in water, sediment and biota.
Monitoring up to the 1nmile limit. Field surveys
undertaken during May 2012 July 2013. In line
with requirements of Daughter directives
2008/105/EC and 2009/90/EC.
23
24
II Marine Data related management, collection
and infrastructure development ?
25
ERDF 156 Developing National Environmental
Monitoring Infrastructure and Capacity Dr.
Saviour Formosa PhD Project Expert
26
The Target
Project Title Developing National Environmental
Monitoring Infrastructure and
Capacity Beneficiaries Malta Environment and
Planning Authority Partners University of Malta,
Environmental Health Directorate National
Statistics Office, Malta Resources
Authority Budget 4.9 M co-funded by ERDF
(85) national Government (15) 0.2 m MEPA
co-financed Duration Q3 2010 - Q2 2012
Environmental Health Directorate
27
The Scope
To develop the national environmental monitoring
infrastructure and capacity for Malta, with the
focus on monitoring 5 environmental themes
  • Air
  • Water
  • Noise
  • Radiation
  • Soil
  • IR Factor Themes are integrated with Information
    Resources systems

28
The Outcomes
  1. Strategy for Environmental Reporting in the areas
    of air, water, noise, radiation, and soil.
  1. Baseline Studies conducted in the areas of water,
    noise, radiation and soil, together with 3D
    terrestrial spatial surveys and bathymetric
    surveys of coastal waters within 1 nautical mile.
  1. Acquisition of Equipment for the collection of
    real-time and ad hoc data.
  1. Dissemination Tools for the distribution and
    reporting of data to the Public, Scientific
    Domains and EU/International Reporting.

29
Water
  • Development of a long term monitoring, including
    coastal and inland waters, which covers all
    aspects of environmental water monitoring,
    including ambient, investigative and compliance
    monitoring.
  • A baseline survey on hydromorphological,
    physicochemical and biological parameters in
    coastal waters around the Maltese Islands up to 1
    nautical mile. Chemical substances are also being
    monitored in the water, in biota and in
    sediments. As well as seasonal monitoring on the
    health status of indicator biota, such as
    macroalgae, phytoplankton, Posidonia Oceanica and
    benthic invertebrates present in coastal waters.
  • Service tender for the development of a long-term
    monitoring strategy for the marine environment, a
    social and economic analysis of the use of marine
    waters and costs of degradation, and baseline
    sediment survey in inland waters.

30
Information Resources
Bathymetric LIDAR aerial survey for depths of 0
m to 15m within 1 nautical mile from the Maltese
coastline and a ship-based bathymetric scan
employing acoustic side scan sonar which will
enable the creation of new nautical charts as
well as bathymetric outputs that will help in
marine spatial planning.
31
Information Resources
  • SEIS
  • A Shared Environmental Information System will
    serve as the conveyor for such information and
    outputs from the project as based on INSPIRE,
    Aarhus and SEIS

32
Future Drive
  • Compliance with EU obligations for environmental
    monitoring and reporting
  • Operational tool e.g. pre-development reviews,
    enforcement action
  • Support for environmental policy-making and
    dynamic feedback NGOs
  • Enhance environmental research e.g. River network
    development, Salzburg EMLF, Vienna access
  • Forecasting of environmental parameters
    e.g. predictive air models, risk-maps,
  • Statistical backing for experts normative stats
    and spatial stats
  • Increased public awareness on the state of the
    environment
  • Availability/Usage of environmental data acquired
    through project - all environmental datasets will
    be available for Free
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