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RARE RECRUITMENT, ACCEPTANCE, RETENTION AND EDUCATION

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Title: We live in challenging times Author: Bob Forness Last modified by: Bob Forness Created Date: 9/6/2011 1:54:07 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: RARE RECRUITMENT, ACCEPTANCE, RETENTION AND EDUCATION


1
RARERECRUITMENT, ACCEPTANCE, RETENTION AND
EDUCATION
  • ENDING PLEDGING AS WE KNOW IT
  • Report of Draft Recommendations April 29, 2012

2
Table of Contents
An Imperative 3 Changing Greek Culture 35
Disclaimers 4 Solutions Not Adopted 36
Greek Life at Cornell 5 Raising the Bar 38
President Skortons Challenge 9 Minimum Standards 40
RARE Task Force 12 A Comprehensive Approach 41
RAREs Mandate 13 DRAFT Recommendations -
Phases One to Four 14 Greek Community 42
Cornells History 15 Alumni 52
Recent Hazing News 18 Council by Council 54
Hazing Research 19 PHC 55
Definition of Hazing 27 IFC 62
Defining the Problem 29 MGLC 64
Pledging and Hazing 32 Next Steps 73
3
An Imperative
  • Greek Life at Cornell,
  • after 144 years, is at a tipping point.
  • The Greek Community has a choice
  • We can recognize and respond to threats like
    dangerous hazing and
  • high risk drinking or
  • We can cease to exist.

4
Disclaimers
  • RARE Recruitment, Acceptance, Retention and
    Education is a task force focused on hazing
    prevention within Cornells Greek community
  • RARE is now sharing its draft recommendations
  • Cornell has not approved these recommendations
  • RAREs dialogue with key stakeholders, to review
    and refine these recommendations, will continue
    until final approvals are received in October

5
Greek Life at Cornell
  • Established in 1868
  • Successive administrations have reaffirmed
    support
  • Freedom with responsibility and self-governance
    provide a positive learning opportunity
  • Importance of aligning fraternities and
    sororities with academic values
  • Greek members, at their best, symbolize
    leadership, independence, scholastic achievement
    and service
  • Greek life at Cornell must adapt and respond to
    challenges to remain relevant and strong

6
Greek Life at Cornell
Top Ten, Historic, Well Regarded, and Strong
3,647
26
1,249
64
Members
Undergrads that are Greek
New Members
Chapters
1,778
19,720
176K
48
Housing Capacity
Service Advocacy Hours
Funds for Charity
Houses
7
Greek Life at Cornell
Complaints Processed Through Greek Judiciary
System
2010- 2011 2009- 2010 2008- 2009 2006- 2007
Social 45 69 50 49
Hazing 18 31 22 14
Expectations for Membership 7 3 15 11
Sexual Assault 0 0 0 1
8
Greek Life at Cornell
  • Current Initiatives
  • Dartmouth Collaborative
  • Recruitment, Acceptance, Retention and Education
    (RARE)
  • Four Quarter System
  • Recognition Policy

9
President Skortons Challenge
National call Eliminate hazing Hazing defined
as. End pledging as we know it. Create a
better Greek system Not providing all the
answers Challenge to Students, Alumni, University
10
President Skortons Challenge First Glance
Hes not a Greekeliminating pledging will
destroy tradition and create paper members
Pledging and hazing are not the same thing!!
The question is What Should Greek Life Look Like
at Cornell?
Why focus on Greeks? Sports teamseven the Band
hazes new members.
Take the right step - eliminate the Greek system
altogether.
Students will drink and hazing will continue
as they have for decades.
11
President Skortons Challenge The Charge
  • Re-examine recruiting and initiation new member
    process
  • End pledging as we know it
  • Develop an appropriate process welcome new
    members.free of degradation, humiliation or any
    other form of hazing.
  • Promote the founding valuesrecognize each group
    has unique information, positive traditions and
    rituals
  • Base (new process) on mutual respect and dignity

12
RARE Task Force
  • Launched in Fall 2011
  • 24 members, representing undergraduate Greek
    leaders, alumni Greek leaders, Greek national
    presidents, subject matter experts,
    administrators and faculty
  • 13 members are current undergraduates, which is
    essential to our mandate
  • Graduations, implementation in second year, will
    require reconstitution of members and leaders

13
RAREs Mandate
Name Recruitment, Acceptance, Retention and Education (RARE)
Purpose To deliver a unified response to President David Skortons challenge to the Cornell Greek system to eliminate hazing and end pledging as we know it.
Customer Undergraduate and alumni members of the Cornell Greek system
Key Objectives Identify causes of and behaviors/traditions towards hazing Research history, best practice and experts for ideas Develop alternatives that welcome new members free of degradation, humiliation and all other forms of hazing Enable and provide resources to chapters to create their own unique, safe, and effective new member processes
Definition of a Win Negative recruitment and membership activities are eliminated Mental anguish, physical injuries and deaths caused by hazing and/or negative pledging activities end The Cornell Greek system thrives and grows
14
RARE Phases One to Four
15
Cornells History
1870 - 1899
16
Cornells History
  • Statement On Hazing At Cornell Over Time

Hazing goes against all the ideals of
fraternities cooperation, trust and brotherhood.
Let?s work together to eliminate it.
1982
We have strict rules against hazing.
1874
Hazing is the one offense in Cornell University
for which students are expelled, sent away never
to return or to go to any other college.
1904
Hazing is an immature, dangerous act that serves
no useful purpose. Remember hazing can kill
1981
17
Cornells History
  • Remarkable Comeback of dangerous hazing
    behavior reported by Sun, 61
  • 1968 Phi Kappa Psi hazing pledges
  • 1970 Chi Psi indecent student left in
    sorority
  • 1973 Zeta Psi pledge 2nd degree burns from
    branding ritual

Elimination of alcohol during initiation and use
of repulsive food for pledges, 1967 IFC
reviews of initiation practices, 1968 NYS
Anti-Hazing Law, 1980, 1983 IFC Legislation
increases penalties to fines and expulsion,
exempts secret rituals, 1980 Pledge Education
Committee Updated Campus Code of Conduct,
2002 Sunshine Policy, hazing.cornell.edu,
2005 Dartmouth Collaborative, RARE, Cornell
outdoor Education program, 2011-12
  • Numerous incidents reported - 80-90s
  • 3/95 Beating and hospitalization of a freshman,
    Alpha Phi Alpha, most serious

Avg of 3 reported serious incidents per yr 60 of
fraternities believed to have hazed PiKA, SAE,
TKE lose recognition Death of George Desdunes 13
Excerpts from An Overview of Hazing-Related
Issues at Cornell University Compiled by Corey
Ryan Earle 07, 1/11
18
Recent Hazing News
  • Death of Robert Champion, Florida AM drum major
    on November 19, 2011 ruled a homicide, creating a
    focus on an unsanctioned tradition of hazing.
  • Binghamton suspends pledging for all chapters and
    begins investigation due to serious increase in
    hazing claims, April 2012.
  • Duke launched a strong anti-hazing campaign,
    including encouraging reporting from anyone with
    information. Received 17 reports for 2011-12
    year to date, compared to 7-9 the previous two
    academic years.

19
Hazing Research
  • 2008 National Collaborative Study on Hazing
    Research and Prevention
  • 55 of members of student clubs, teams and
    organizations experience hazing
  • 95 of hazing that occurs goes unreported
  • 73 of fraternity and sorority member had
    experienced one incident of hazing
  • 74 of varsity athletes had experienced one
    incident of hazing
  • Dr. Susan Lipkins, insidehazing.com, from studies
    of fraternity and sorority members
  • 65 of respondents agree that the primary goal of
    an initiation is to bond.
  • 57 of respondents agree that it is important to
    tolerate psychological stress.
  • 31 of respondents agree that a significant
    element in an initiation rite is humiliation.
  • 29 of respondents agree that extreme consumption
    is often part of an initiation.
  • 29 of respondents agree that it is important to
    tolerate physical pain.
  • 29 of respondents agree that they are concerned
    with the overuse of alcohol during pledge
    activities.
  • 25 of respondents agree that initiation usually
    involves the use of paddles

20
Hazing Research
  • National Study of Student Hazing?University of
    Maine, 2007
  • Drs. Elizabeth Allen Mary Madden
  • Sample 1,482 full-time students aged 18 to 25
    years, 53 universities/colleges
  • Key Findings
  • More than half (55) of students report that they
    experienced a specific behavior that is defined
    as hazing. However, 91 of these students do not
    identify as having been hazed.
  • 47 of students report they were hazed in high
    school.

21
Hazing Research
  • National Study of Student Hazing (continued)
  • Common types of college hazing activities that
    participants report

Hazing Activity Percent Experiencing
Drinking games with alcohol 26
Singing or chanting intending to humiliate 17
Heavy consumption of alcohol leading one to get sick or pass out 12
Associating with certain people and not others 12
Being yelled, screamed or cursed at 10
22
Hazing Research
  • National Survey Initiation Rites and Athletics
    for NCAA Sports Teams
  • Alfred University, August 1999 ?Dr. Nadine C.
    Hoover, Principal Investigator
  • Sample 2,027 NCAA athletes across 224
    colleges/universities
  • Key Findings
  • 79 of respondents reported experiencing some
    kind of hazing activities
  • 19 experienced a questionable hazing activity
    that was humiliating or degrading
  • 39 experienced an alcohol-related hazing
    activity
  • 21 experienced an unacceptable hazing activity
    that was unsafe and could result in injury or
    criminal violations

23
Hazing Research
  • National Survey Initiation Rites and Athletics
    for NCAA Sports Teams (continued)
  • When these data are projected to the national
    population, there are estimates that over a
    quarter of a million NCAA athletes were hazed.
  • One in five athletes participated solely in
    non-hazing teambuilding activities (e.g. ropes
    courses)
  • 42 of the respondents indicated that they
    consumed alcohol when they visited colleges or
    universities for team recruitment
  • Nearly half of the athletes surveyed reported
    that they drank alcohol as part of a team
    initiation

24
Hazing Research
  • National Survey Initiation Rites and Athletics
    for NCAA Sports Teams (continued)
  • The athletes who were at greatest risk of being
    hazed through a team initiation met were males,
    non-fraternity members, soccer players, lacrosse
    players and swimmers or divers.
  • The athletes who are at greatest risk of being
    subjected to unacceptable hazing behaviors that
    are unsafe and could result in injury or criminal
    violations include males, swimmers or divers,
    football players and water polo players.
  • Female athletes were more likely to have been
    subjected to alcohol-related hazing than to other
    forms of hazing, if they were hazed

25
Hazing Research
No Single Theory, But Many Elements Explain Hazing Behavior No Single Theory, But Many Elements Explain Hazing Behavior
Evolutionary psychology social creatures with need for affiliation Shared coping highly stressful experiences in groups create closeness
Lack of external constraints decrease constraints, standards decrease Cycles of abuse hazed individuals haze due to displaced desire for revenge
Conformity and obedience to authority social context/willingness to injure (Milgram, Zimbardo studies) Masculinity beliefs real man being physically and mentally tough (Allen, Nuwer)
Cognitive dissonance smart, reasonable people minimizing actions Rites of passage rituals, identity formation in transition to adulthood
Groupthink pressures in highly cohesive groups produce faulty decision making (Janis) Sociopathy individuals with anti-social tendencies, disregard safety, lack of remorse
Excerpts from hazing.cornell.edu/hazing/issues/research.cfm Excerpts from hazing.cornell.edu/hazing/issues/research.cfm
26
Hazing Research
No Single Theory, But Many Elements Explain Hazing Behavior No Single Theory, But Many Elements Explain Hazing Behavior
Identification with aggressor during breakdown and remolding, begin to admire superior aggressors, group Need for esteem surviving hazing, garnering respect and weeding out the weak may enhance esteem
Symbolic interactionism symbols, manipulated identities, and situations in initiation rites shape choices and actions (Sweet) Need for intimacy alchohol and hazing may breakdown male aversion to intimacy, enabling acts that are less masculine like sharing feelings
Misperceived norms mistaken belief only minority dislike humiliation, intimidation, physical abuse perpetuating the practices Expression of power may satisfy individuals desire for a sense of power and control over others
Fear of reprisal fear of disapproval, rejection or retribution limit objections Perceived lack of alternatives lack of credible alternatives to satisfy underlying needs satisfied by hazing
Excerpts from hazing.cornell.edu/hazing/issues/research.cfm Excerpts from hazing.cornell.edu/hazing/issues/research.cfm
27
Definition of Hazing
  • Cornell Campus Code of Conduct (Article
    II.A.1.f)?To haze another person, regardless of
    the persons consent to participate. endangering
    the physical health of an individual or causing
    mental distress
  • President Skortons A Call to Lead, CDS,
    8.29.2011?Hazing is any act that, as a condition
    for group membership, humiliates, intimidates,
    abuses or endangers any person regardless of
    the persons consent to participate.
  • New York State Law
  • 120.16 and 120.17 A person is guilty of hazing
    ifin the course of initiation or affiliation
    with any organizationcreates a substantial risk
    of physical injury

28
Definition of Hazing
  • Hazing may be
  • Subtle - emphasizing a power imbalance between
    new and active members
  • Harassment - causing emotional anguish or
    physical discomfort, confusing, frustrating or
    causing undue stress
  • Violent having the potential to cause physical,
    emotional and/or psychological harm
  • Voluntary or Involuntary may occur with or
    without consent
  • Examples of Hazing use of alcohol forced
    eating paddling creation of excessive fatigue
    physical and psychological shocks quests,
    treasure hunts, scavenger hunts, road trips
    wearing of inappropriate or degrading apparel
    engaging in public stunts and buffoonery morally
    degrading or humiliating games and activities

29
Defining the Problem
  • Hazing in history dates back centuries to
    pre-industrial societies (ie Germany in the
    1400s)
  • Hazing occurs across many cultures and around the
    world. It is an equal opportunity disgrace
    (Hank Nuwer)
  • Hazing begins early in life not just at college
  • Hazing occurs in many student organizations, not
    just Greeks
  • Hazing is sticky and persistent as a human
    behavior (Aldo Cimino)

30
Defining the Problem
  • Hazing is driven by culture, tradition, group
    behavior and power dynamics between individuals
  • Hazing escalates during certain behaviors, for
    example drinking large amounts of alcohol to join
    or maintain membership
  • Over 80 of hazing deaths involve alcohol
  • Students often recognize certain physical acts as
    hazing, but less so non-physical activities

31
Defining the Problem
  • Efforts to eradicate hazing have failed for more
    than a century
  • Hazing is complex, making it difficult to answer
    key questions with available studies
  • Is hazing getting worse?
  • Are hazing-prevention initiatives effective?
  • Is hazing just receiving more press/attention?
  • Does social media or the internet increase
    hazing?
  • It is clear rules, laws and enforcement alone
    cannot prevent hazing it is about culture

32
Pledging and Hazing Positive Views
  • Membership in Greek organization is a lifetime
    commitment not to be entered into lightly.
    Recruitment alone does not prepare the chapter or
    the candidate for this commitment. Pledging
    enables a candidate to reaffirm compatibility,
    learn the values and history of the organization,
    and experience the expectations of membership.
    The chapter too needs to confirm compatibility
    and to assess whether the candidate will be a
    reliable and committed member.

Pledging is a promise, not a person.
Actions performed to educate pre-initiates on
various aspects deemed (justifiably) important to
the chapter and/or the organization.
Pledging is a series of activities designed to
educate new members, bond them together, create
cohesion with the chapter, and instill an
individual and collective feeling of
accomplishment through a rite of passage.
33
Pledging and Hazing Negative Views
  • Hazing practices have caused deaths and injuries
    after fraternity leaders subjected pledges to
    dangerous tasks like binge drinking, locking them
    in enclosed spaces or asking them to perform
    risky physical stunts. Hazing practices are not
    only dangerous to the individuals who must
    perform them, but they also compromise the
    reputation and integrity of the fraternity as a
    whole. Mara Tyler, eHow

Pledging and hazing are synonymous. All of the
negative things associated with pledging occur
during the hazing process.
Hazing refers to the hazardous initiation
rituals, customs or traditions new pledges must
endure in order to be accepted into full
membership.
34
Pledging and Hazing
  • When is pledging in fact hazing?
  • Does the activity add to the development of the
    new member personally, academically or
    professionally?
  • Does the activity exclude new members as
    pledges or include them as brothers or sisters?
  • What is being asked of new members and is it
    acceptable to you?
  • Would it be acceptable if it was done to you?
  • Is the activity healthy and related to the group
    you are joining?
  • Is the activity questionable to you, your
    friends, your parents, the University, police, or
    if read in tomorrows paper?

35
Changing Greek Culture
  • To change Greek culture, where hazing norms are
    integral to many rituals and traditions, and
    embraced as a rite of passage, requires major
    change
  • Change must occur at the individual, the
    interactional, and the organizational levels
  • Not a short term initiative or an incremental set
    of reforms but a long term effort to enforce
    among Greek members that hazing is inappropriate
    behavior
  • Change is possible by building upon the
    exceptional values of Greek life (i.e.
    leadership, fellowship, scholarship, and
    philanthropy) and emphasizing that hazing is not
    compatible with these values. This means
  • Greek members refrain from hazing
  • Greek members are responsible for ensuring that
    their peers do not haze and report hazing
    incidents when they do occur
  • Greek organizations  strictly discipline members
    who do engage in hazing and those who do not
    report it when it does occur
  • The bandwidth of solutions must be broad and
    engage all stakeholders, as there is no magic
    bulletno rule or law that can be dictated or
    driven from the top

36
Solutions Not Adopted
  • Close the Greek system
  • Lower drinking age to 18 for college students
  • Make Greek housing co-ed
  • Eliminate all conditional membership
  • Make Cornell a dry campus and/or a dry Greek
    system
  • Greek housing for juniors and seniors only
  • Eliminate all Greek residences convert to social
    clubs
  • Convert all private Greek houses to university
    ownership/control
  • Defer membership to sophomore year

37
Solutions Not Adopted
  • Require alumni/national to supervise entire
    intake process
  • Create separate Greek residential college (like
    freshmen on North Campus)
  • Prohibit all off campus membership intake
    activities
  • Immediate Greek chapter and membership suspension
    for any hospitalization require program
    attendance by involved parties and officers for
    reinstatement
  • Establish faculty in residence in every house
  • Harshly punish/expel chapter and individual
    hazers as an example zero tolerance
  • No freshman access to Greek houses during social
    events

38
Raising the Bar
  • To be Greek is to be a leader, a scholar, a
    person of character, athletic and an inspiration
    to others
  • Membership is and should remain a lifetime
    privilege
  • Criteria for selection and retention should set a
    high standard for membership
  • Raising the bar builds a stronger community from
    the ground up, and over time possibly a larger
    community
  • A community that raises itself up is more likely
    to thrive
  • Embracing the positive values, norms and beliefs
    that define Greek culture and establishing
    explicitly what is and is not appropriate
    behavior must be the personal objective of each
    and every member of the community

39
  • To be Greek at Cornell is to
  • Accept and strive for a higher standard in all
    respects
  • Promulgate and adhere to shared values, for
    example leadership, scholarship, service and
    responsibility, befitting all Cornellians
  • Develop and participate in a character building
    process, common for the entire community
  • Establish and adhere to self-governance standards
    that are best practice, not minimum requirements
  • Foster the belief that hazing is contrary to
    Greek life and unacceptable at every level -
    individuals, leaders, chapters and the community
  • Be a member of a community that emphasizes its
    basic values - free from the dangers of hazing,
    excessive use of alcohol and other drugs,
    violence, and sexual assault
  • Accept the responsibility individually to act
    when hazing behavior occurs and prevent harm to
    fellow Greek members

Raising the Bar
40
Minimum Standards
  • A community is only as strong as its weakest link
  • A tragedy is a failure of the entire system, not
    just a failure of an individual, a small group or
    one chapter
  • Individuals who are predisposed, or conditioned,
    to haze others will always attempt to join the
    community
  • Alcohol and drug abuse, while prohibited, are
    ever present and produce a toxic mix when
    combined with hazing
  • The disconnect between national guidelines and
    local traditions is a systemic flaw that can
    reappear
  • The turnover of all participants students,
    parents, alumni, national representatives and
    administrators produces short term reactions
    and relapses

41
A Comprehensive Approach
  • Research into hazing and cultural change
    demonstrate that these are persistent and complex
    issues
  • Cornells Greek community, like Cornell itself,
    is a diverse collection of individuals, chapters
    and councils
  • A comprehensive approach is needed to address the
    destructive, corrosive and dangerous activities
    referred to by President Skorton in his challenge
    to end pledging as we know it
  • While we cannot transforms an entire culture, we
    can transform certain parts of the culture. Greek
    life has some wonderful values and those are
    critical for changing the norms surrounding
    hazing
  • The critical and most important step we recommend
    taking is to build the One Cornell Greek
    Community
  • Further changes at the individual, chapter,
    council, alumni, university, and community levels
    must also be made to effect real and lasting
    results and to create a Greek community at
    Cornell that is a national standard

42
Greek Community
  • Create the Cornell Lifelong Education
    Membership (CLEM) Program
  • Building One Cornell Greek Community
  • Welcomes new members into one community (before
    individual chapters create boundaries and
    introduce reckless and high-risk behavior)
  • Intensive education and social programs built
    around values common to the Cornell Greek
    community, for example
  • Leadership, Scholarship, Service Responsibility

43
Greek Community
  • CLEM (continued)
  • Building One Cornell Greek Community
  • Two weeks of compulsory classes and activities
  • Attend as new members in cohorts (ie dorms, Greek
    letter alpha, houses), including men and women,
    all councils
  • All Greek active members participate in
    activities (not new classes) alongside, without
    letters, and equal to new members
  • Designed by students, alumni and professionals
  • Coordinated by VP, Memberships of Councils
  • Requires scaled back chapter new member process

44
Greek Community
  • CLEM (continued)
  • Building One Cornell Greek Community
  • Creates marketing opportunities for the community
    and councils under four quarter system
  • Integrate current activities like Greek Week,
    Greek 101, and other programs now running
    independently
  • Consider program activities like Greek Olympics,
    charities and service projects, COE for entire
    audience
  • Community demonstrates strong advocacy for the
    vast majority of Greek members who are
    individuals of character

45
Greek Community
  • Modifications to Existing New Member Process
  • Eliminate the words pledge, pledging, and
    other derogatory terms meant to separate new and
    active members
  • Reduce new member intake process duration
  • Written plan for new member process must be
    approved annually by national and alumni reps
  • Prospective members submit applications for
    membership academics, references, rationale
  • Anti-hazing certificates earned annually by all
    members required to complete education program
  • Random interviews of new members and exit
    interviews of those not completing new member
    process

46
Greek Community
  • Focus on Academic Excellence
  • New existing members to maintain a minimum of
    2.5 GPA
  • Prospective members below 2.5 GPA are deferred
  • Chapters to maintain a 3.0 GPA or better
  • Greek suspension process for individuals or
    chapters falling below GPA requirement
  • Greek mentorship program and access to other
    academic resources to encourage brothers and
    sisters to excel
  • Develop a rewards program for highly performing
    academic chapters
  • Drop in GPA penalties changes from social
    probation to restricted or reduced recruitment
    the following year

47
Greek Community
  • Four Year Education Model
  • New member education program for each chapter
    based on national requirements
  • Chapter-focused education for sophomores and
    juniors i.e. officer development, house
    management, budgeting, event planning,
    communications, crisis and risk management
  • Leadership, internship and career guidance for
    juniors and seniors, i.e. networking,
    entrepreneurship, international markets,
    marketing, social media, personal brand
    management, writing for business
  • Chapters responsible for developing own education
    models supported by council and university
    resources

48
Greek Community
  • Live-In Advisors
  • Required for new and at risk chapters
  • Not effective or cost efficient for well
    performing chapters
  • At risk chapters to be identified by low tier
    ratings, failure to address audit findings,
    judicial incidents or other sources
  • Minimum four year period for live-in advisory
    period
  • Prefer Greek alumni as advisors but not mandatory

49
Greek Community
  • Hire Hazing Specialist for All Campus
    Organizations/Teams
  • Promote National Hazing Hotline
  • Develop Real Life, Real Hazing film of
    Cornellians (students, alumni, advisors,
    administrators etc.) in short stories about
    hazing and its effects
  • Create a Bystanders Group - members from each
    chapter to train all members to educate, identify
    and intervene in hazing
  • Develop a sophomore Break the Cycle program
  • Develop other programs using PDSA methodology
  • Promote adoption of national hazing legislation,
    improved state law language
  • Create a national anti-hazing campaign like DDD

50
Greek Community
  • University Standards Set for Greek Chapters
  • Expand rating (EOY) system to four tiers to
    create more meaningful measurement of chapter
    performance and success of RARE initiatives
  • Base Tier Ratings Criteria on core values, for
    example - Academic, Leadership, Service, and
    Responsibility
  • Quarterly self-reporting using tier ratings
    process
  • Quarterly reviews undertaken by chapter officers,
    alumni advisors and council officers reported to
    OFSIL annually
  • Underperforming chapters on a quarterly basis are
    subject to audits initially by alumni advisors
    more serious by RMC

51
Greek Community
  • Create a Risk Management Council (RMC)
  • Select Alumni, Council Leaders, Chapter Leaders
    an OFSIL representative to comprise the RMC (9
    members)
  • Review performance tier ratings, judicial
    reports, police reports, housing and safety
    reports, financial status, and membership numbers
    to identify at-risk chapters
  • Engage in honest, challenging conversations with
    at-risk chapters and alumni advisors, before
    serious incidents occur requiring OFSIL, judicial
    or review board action

52
Alumni
  • Expand Self-Governance Concept to Include Alumni
  • Alumni involvement a critical component of
    successful, safe chapters
  • Require a minimum of 3 active advisors per
    chapter
  • One for small chapters or new interest groups
  • Advisors meet regularly with undergraduate
    officers/boards
  • Participate in risk management audits of chapters
  • Serve on alumni advisory groups (AIFC, APAC,
    AMGLC) on a rotating basis
  • Develop close relationships with national
    advisors
  • Participate in interviews of new chapter leaders
    and of prospective members exiting the new member
    intake process

53
Alumni
  • Provide Funding Necessary for Transformation
  • Investing in the Greek community must be a
    priority
  • Degree of change and number of new initiatives
    will require funding
  • Alternatives to hazing in new member processes
    requires program development and funding
  • Motivation can come from tragedy, but it can also
    come from positive examples like programs,
    resources, rewards/awards and leadership
  • Funding to be generated from university, alumni
    and current members in a shared manner

54
Council by Council
Preventing hazing is a cultural challenge,
requiring transformational change Community-wide
initiatives are a part Changes at the council
level Panhellenic, Intrafraternity and
Multicultural require a deep understanding of
what makes each council, and sub-council, unique
55
Panhellenic Council
  • Hazing Within Chapters Of The Panhellenic Council
    Is Less Common Than In The Intrafraternity
    Council
  • Sororities face zero tolerance policies from
    nationals and new recognition policy from Cornell
  • Chapters and chapter leadership communicate
    regularly about the risks of hazing to the
    chapter
  • Past incidents and penalties still resonate,
    especially those perceived to be related to minor
    incidents
  • Hazing usually occurs outside the new member
    period

56
Panhellenic Council
  • Where Hazing Does Exists Within Panhellenic
  • Little Sister Initiations
  • Fraternities take sweethearts or little
    sisters periodically
  • During their initiation, these women are
    subjected to hazing practices involving alcohol,
    both by brothers and already initiated little
    sisters
  • Recommendations
  • All little sister events be registered with
    OFSIL, as some fraternities have done, providing
    a safer environment for all
  • Hosting chapter of little sister event where
    hazing occurs immediately sent to review board
  • Individuals who engage in hazing, or fails to
    seek help, may face also judicial actions

57
Panhellenic Council
  • Where Hazing Does Exists Within Panhel
  • Senior Chapter or Senior Wills
  • Events where senior members will possessions to
    younger sisters may involve drinking practices
    deemed as hazing
  • Lineage or Rotational Dinners
  • Events where seniors, coming from abroad, have
    younger, newer sisters to apartments in
    collegetown for drinking practices that may be
    deemed as hazing
  • Recommendation
  • Any chapter found engaging in the above will be
    put on immediate interim suspension pending a
    review board hearing

58
Panhellenic Council
  • Recommended Proactive Character Building Measures
  • Performance
  • Tiers, audits, reporting, adjustments to tier
    ratings et.al.
  • Monthly report sent to national representative
  • Each month a chapter of the month will be
    chosen, awarded at a Panhellenic general body
    meeting, and featured on the Panhellenic website,
    providing enhanced visibility, positive
    publicity, and, as a result, a key recruitment
    advantage
  • Service
  • Service hours completed, philanthropy dollars
    raised, events participated in (chapter/other
    chapters/tri-council)

59
Panhellenic Council
  • Recommended Proactive Character Building Measures
  • Responsibility
  • Each chapter must have a SHAG and/or Consent Ed
    presentation each semester
  • Report the topics and number of internal judicial
    matters resolved
  • Scholarship
  • Report how many individuals fall below their
    required GPA
  • How helped individuals
  • Scholarship practices engaged in during past
    month
  • Opportunities for scholarship activities resume
    workships, practice graduate exams, etc.

60
Panhellenic Council
  • Recommended Proactive Character Building Measures
  • Leadership
  • What leadership programs the chapter engaged in
    during the past month
  • Provide opportunities for chapters such as
    Emerging Leaders programs, speakers, commitees,
    etc.
  • How often had the chapter made contact with
    nationals? Chapter advisors?
  • How many chapter meetings had been held? Did an
    advisor attend?

61
Panhellenic Council
  • Recommended Proactive Character Building Measures
  • Panhellenic Interaction
  • Recommend at least monthly meetings of chapter
    leadership with Panhellenic leadership, as
    follows, to enhance communications
  • Chapter and Panhellenic Presidents
  • Chapter Risk Managers/Standards chairs
  • New Member Educators with Panhellenic EVP
  • Recruitment Chairs with Panhellenic VP FMR
  • Philanthropy Chairs with Panhellenic VP UCR
  • Finance Chairs with Panhellenic VP Finance
  • Sisterhood/event/programming chairs with Panhel
    VP Programs
  • Website/communication/secy chairs with Panhel VP
    Comm.

62
Intrafraternity Council
  • Hazing Within The Intrafraternity Council
  • Much of IFC hazing involves rituals and tradition
  • Often involves alcohol, servitude and
    performance, such as clean my house, drive me
    here, come over in the middle of the night, etc.
  • Tend to take as long as they can for their new
    member processes
  • Attitude of its not part of the written
    program or they were told they didnt have to
    participate.

63
Intrafraternity Council
  • Recommendations
  • Shorten the new member period to end before
    Spring Break
  • Create the CLEM program for all Greek members,
    holding Greeks to a higher standard through the
    program
  • Alter GPA rule to have stricter penalties, for
    example drop in GPA during rush week results in
    loss of rush days the following year
  • Add OFSIL staff to oversee the new CLEM program
  • Conduct new member interviews half way through
    process
  • Conduct exit interviews of those not completing
    new member steps
  • Identify new leaders during CLEM process

64
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • Hazing Within The MGLC
  • Tend to be secretive about their process not
    want to lose traditions
  • Much more involved national organizations in some
    respects
  • Difficulty communicating across sub-councils
    lines
  • Initiation deadline is always a challenge because
    they dont start at the traditional rush time
  • Much more of a professional application process
    for new members
  • Misunderstanding about what is allowed and not
    because some things are viewed as cultural

65
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • Increasing Transparency Will Improve MGLC
  • Encourage chapters to conduct chapter and new
    member activities in a haze-free manner
  • Increase understanding about the Greek system so
    more people support MGLC organizations and want
    to join
  • PR Campaign
  • Inform incoming students, the Cornell community,
    administration and fellow Greeks about the MGLC
    what we do, what we stand for, and why were
    relevant
  • Send letters to incoming students, provide
    briefings, use websites, address
    perceptions/stereotypes, host council events

66
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • Restructure Recruitment Processes
  • Increase system-wide membership by recruiting
    both as a council and as individual organizations
  • Educate potential applicants on how to apply to
    MGLC
  • Post GPA requirements
  • Increase recruitment process requiring
    transcripts, applications, interviews, etc.
  • Host Council-wide (Tri-Council, MGLC, and
    Asian-interest, NALFO, and NPHC) events to
    recruit members
  • Increase involvement in spring recruitment
    (infomationals, presentations etc.)

67
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • Restructure Recruitment Processes
  • Make minor changes to improve the four quarter
    system
  • 1st Quarter Allow Tri-Council and Sub-Council
    events on North
  • 2nd Quarter Organizations can publicize on North
  • 3rd Quarter Recruitment, intake and initiation
    period
  • Reduce intake from 11-12 weeks to 8 weeks
  • Add council-wide elements to recruiting
  • 4th Quarter Transitioning Period for New Members
    after Initiation

68
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • Provide Support for Cultural Change
  • University Support
  • University-staffed advisor who is an alum of an
    MGLC chapter
  • An advisory-council to which student
    organizations can reach
  • Fundraising effort to get money and name out
    there
  • Host council-wide events to educate the Cornell
    community
  • Alumni
  • Alumni council of support (sounding board,
    advocate, source of knowledge)
  • Alumni MGLC
  • Respective chapter alumni associations

69
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • Accepting and Respecting New Members as People
  • Welcome New Members Beyond Their Chapter Into
    MGLC
  • System-wide meetings and training
  • Have chapter leaders undergo in-person risk
    management raining the semester prior to intake
    semester
  • Have all members receive online risk management
    certification
  • New members attend spring training regarding
    hazing
  • All MGLC new members coordinate their new member
    social
  • Hold an MGLC pinning ceremony to unify syands

70
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • University Support and Retention
  • Increase University Support
  • Increase accountability for individual members
    refer members to JA when they step out of line
  • Include new member program compliance in the EOY
    report
  • Bar non-compliant organizations from
    cultural/philanthropy programming funds
  • Retention
  • Success in Recruitment and Acceptance phases will
    pre-emptively address many root issues related to
    retention.

71
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • Retention (continued)
  • Academic Standing
  • Require those on academic probation to utilize
    the Learning Strategies Center
  • Have the University provide mid-semester progress
    reports for all members so they can address
    academic issues in time
  • Excessive Programming
  • Establish/reinforce the idea that academics take
    precedence
  • Have chapters meet with an advisor for an
    external review of how responsibilities are
    distributed across a chapter
  • Encourage joint programming, negotiating with
    Nationals/Regionals

72
Multicultural Greek Letter Council
  • Education
  • Cultural change requires continual education to
    remind our communities, including alumni and
    governing bodies, what Greek life is really
    about.
  • Create alumni/governing board buy-in
  • Direct communications between University and
    alumni/governing bodies
  • University-provided resources to enable chapter
    leaders to have conversations with alumni and
    governing bodies
  • Education funds
  • Creative new member programming fund
  • Set up and maintain risk management certification
    program
  • Budget for council-wide new member program
    elements

73
Next Steps Outreach, Focus Groups
  • Engaging Key Stakeholders in Process
  • Parents
  • New Undergraduate Greek Members
  • Non-Greeks (they can be bystanders, too)
  • Cornell Community (key partners DOS, OFSIL,
    Gannett, CUPD, COE, Residential Programs)
  • Inter/national organizations
  • Alumni and alumni associations
  • Subject matter experts

74
Next Steps - RARE Year 2
  • Academic Year 2012-2013
  • Our focus changes from developing recommendations
    to outreach and implementation
  • Move from 2 co-chairs to a Steering Group, with
    representatives from each of the tri-councils and
    an alum
  • Assemble an Advisory Group with expertise
    relevant for Year 2 (in addition to experts
    continuing from Year 1)
  • In addition to replacing seniors, we may need
    more members on specific initiatives.

75
Disclaimers
  • AS A REMINDER.
  • RAREs recommendations are only in draft form
  • Cornell has not approved these recommendations
  • RAREs dialogue with key stakeholders, to review
    and refine these recommendations, will continue
    until final approvals are received in October.
  • Our thanks to the members of RARE for all of
    their efforts. We look forward to year 2 of this
    important initiative.

76
  • Our thanks to all of the participants
  • and supporters of RARE,
  • this year and in the future!

77
Addendums
  • Phase One to Four Next Steps
  • What Will Be Different
  • One Cornell Greek Community
  • Program Initiatives
  • Select RARE Reports

78
RARE Phases One to Four
79
Phase Three
  • Engaging Key Stakeholders and Experts in Process
  • Undergraduate Greek Members and Leaders
  • Parents
  • Non-Greek Cornell community
  • Key Partners - DOS, OFSIL, Gannett, CUPD, COE,
    Residential Programs
  • Inter/national organizations
  • Alumni and alumni associations
  • Subject matter experts

80
Phase Three and Four
  • Academic Year 2012-2013
  • Our focus changes from developing recommendations
    to outreach and implementation
  • Move from 2 co-chairs to a Steering Group, with
    representatives from each of the tri-councils and
    an alum
  • Assemble an Advisory Group with expertise
    relevant for Year 2 (in addition to experts
    continuing from Year 1)
  • In addition to replacing seniors, we may need
    more members on specific initiatives.

81
What Will Be Different
Today Future
Individuals join chapters Individuals join the Cornell Greek Community, then join chapters
Live-in advisors in sororities and small number of fraternities Live-in advisors also in new and at risk chapters
Hazing prevention undertaken by existing staff University-wide hazing specialist hired to benefit all organizations
Membership intake periods Are shorter
Education ends with pledging Four year education model to encourage participation and retention
82
One Cornell Greek Community
  • Welcome prospective members into One Cornell
    Greek Community
  • Attract wider potential audience with exciting
    programs based on shared values
  • Educate prospective members on positive and
    negative aspects of Greek Life
  • Provide introduction to chapters outside
    pressures of new member intake
  • Create positive image of Greek Life for all
    participants, including those who choose not to
    join
  • Develop stronger ties with faculty,
    administration and Ithaca community

83
Programming Initiatives
INITIATIVE/PROGRAM
SHARED VALUE(S)
CALENDAR
GREEK SHOWCASE
LEADERSHIP
FALL
  • Orientation a la Greek 101 leading to individual
    chapter multimedia/performance presentations of
    no more than 30 minutes each

GREEK OLYMPICS
LEADERSHIP
FALL
Games and sporting events over two days involving
all undergraduates
GREEK DECATHALON
LEADERSHIP
FALL
Academic and arts contests college/major based,
college bowl, UIL model, trivia, performances,
debates, and even gaming over two days
involving students, alums, faculty and staff
84
Programming Initiatives
INITIATIVE/PROGRAM
SHARED VALUE(S)
CALENDAR
DAY OF SERVICE
SERVICE
FALL
  • Greek members and prospective members descend
    on Ithaca and surrounding communities for a day
    of service making a difference, image enhancing

ADVENTURE DAY
LEADERSHIP
FALL
COE driven day of activities for all Greek
members and prospective members, based on
leadership and team building highlighting Greek
and COE programs
LEADERSHIP EXPERIENCE
LEADERSHIP
SPRING
New members assigned to shadow officers/mentors
in other chapters for one day to learn
leadership approaches and to encourage
cross-chapter and council interaction and
networking
85
Programming Initiatives
INITIATIVE/PROGRAM
SHARED VALUE(S)
CALENDAR
REASONING ETHICS
SERVICE
FALL
  • Expand Phi Psi sponsored initiative
    Professional Reasoning Ethics Program (PREP)
    for juniors and senior Greek members

BYSTANDERS GROUP
LEADERSHIP
FALL
Train one (or more) members of each chapter on
how to educate other members on identifying and
intervening in hazing behavior create
Bystanders Group
BREAK THE CYCLE
LEADERSHIP
SPRING
Sophomores often repeat the hazing cycle
scenario/role playing approach examines
underlying motivations and conflict with values
and personal beliefs
86
Programming Initiatives
INITIATIVE/PROGRAM
SHARED VALUE(S)
CALENDAR
BRAND SOCIAL MEDIA
SERVICE
FALL
  • Developing a personal brand of character

BYSTANDERS GROUP
LEADERSHIP
FALL
Train one (or more) members of each chapter on
how to educate other members on identifying and
intervening in hazing behavior create
Bystanders Group
BREAK THE CYCLE
LEADERSHIP
SPRING
Sophomores often repeat the hazing cycle
scenario/role playing approach examines
underlying motivations and conflict with values
and personal beliefs
87
Lowering the Drinking Age
  • Advocate for a lower drinking age
  • Approach as an academic institution like Cornell,
    not emotionally
  • Must address fundamental issues based on research
    and analysis
  • DWI, injury and death
  • High risk drinking
  • Addiction
  • Anti-social behavior
  • Examine alternative solutions for 18-20 year olds
  • BAC monitors/shutoff technologies in cars
  • Medical Psychological Assessments (German
    model) for unfit drivers
  • Reduce BAC legal limit to 0.00 (0.02 tolerance)
  • Fines based on offenders/family income
  • Any alcohol present results in loss of use other
    penalties
  • Stiffer penalties for first, second and multiple
    offenses
  • Lead campaign involving research, advocacy,
    lobbying, social media, corporate and academic
    sponsorships
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