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Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom

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Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom & Russia Unit 1 Notes – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom


1
Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of
theUnited Kingdom Russia
  • Unit 1 Notes

2
What do these people have in common?
They are all from the United Kingdom!
3
United Kingdom
Click here to watch the Union Jack video clip.
4
Location of the UK
  • A country of islands off the coast of mainland
    Europe
  • Made up of Great Britain, Northern Ireland,
    Scotland, Wales

5
(No Transcript)
6
Location of UK
  • Location makes it a HUB for trade
  • Across the English Channel is France, west is the
    Republic of Ireland, east is the Scandinavian
    Peninsula
  • 10 major ports along UKs coast!

7
(No Transcript)
8
United Kingdom
  • Consists of 4 regions
  • England
  • Scotland
  • Wales
  • Northern Ireland

9
Location of UK
  • Location has helped the UK become an
    international banking insurance center
  • Has more foreign bank branches than any country
    in the world
  • Location on the Atlantic Ocean helps it trade
    with the US
  • US is the UKs 1 trading partner!

10
Climate of the UK
  • Mild climate with abundant rainfall throughout
    the year
  • No section goes without rain for more than 2
    weeks!
  • Winters are mild and wet summers are warmest in
    the south
  • The Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic Ocean
    warms the country, making the winters milder than
    other European countries

11
Climate Map

12
Natural Resources of the UK
  • Has deposits of coal, petroleum, natural gas,
    iron ore
  • Form the backbone of the countrys industry auto
    production, steel manufacturing, shipbuilding
  • Other resources include zinc, lead, gold, tin,
    limestone, salt, clay, gypsum, potash, sand,
    slate

13
Natural Resources in UK
  • Manufacturing is declining
  • Natural resources are being used up and industry
    is changing to cleaner forms of energy
  • Many people who once had jobs in mining and
    manufacturing are being retrained for jobs in
    service industries
  • 80 of the people work in service industries
    (tourism, health care, education, banking,
    insurance)

14
Natural Resources in UK
  • Fishing is profitable along the shores of the UK
  • Nearly 25 of the country has arable land
    (fertile good for farming)
  • Over half of the land is used for farms

15
(No Transcript)
16
Where People Live
  • About 60 million people live in the United
    Kingdom.
  • Land Area 243,610 sq km
  • Around 90 of the UKs people live in cities.
  • London has over 7 million people!

17
Tower Bridge in London
18
Buckingham Palace
19
Big Ben the Parliament Building
20
The London Eye
21
Stonehenge
22
Russia
23
Location of Russia
  • Spans 2 continents Europe Asia!
  • So wide that a train trip across takes a week!
  • Shares a border with 15 countries
  • Eastern side is bound by Pacific Ocean
  • Northern side is bounded by Arctic Ocean
  • At its closest point, Russia US are only 3
    miles apart across Bering Strait!

24
(No Transcript)
25
Location of Russia
  • European Russia is mostly landlocked (difficult
    for trading via ship)
  • 2 exceptions Murmansk St. Petersburg

26
Climate of Russia
  • Only has 2 seasonswinter and summer
  • Average yearly temperature is below freezing
  • Asian Russia (Siberia) has the most extreme
    climate
  • lows -40 degrees highs over 90 degrees
  • 73 of population lives in European Russia
    (warmer)

27
Natural Resources
  • Vast forest for lumber are found here, but many
    have been cleared away for cities on the European
    side
  • Deposits of gold, aluminum ore, coal, iron are
    found in the Ural Mountains
  • Volga River (largest river in Europe) is a major
    source of hydroelectric
  • power

28
Natural Resources
  • Russias large size, rugged terrain, and cold
    climate make it difficult for Russians to use
    their resources

29
Where People Live
  • Russia is one of the most populous countries in
    the world, with 145.5 million people.
  • Land Area 17,098,242 sq km
  • Most people live WEST of the Ural mountains,
    where the climate is mildest and the land is the
    most fertile.

30
St. Basils Cathedral
31
Comparing UK Russia
  • Geographically very different
  • Russia is larger, with a coastline bordering the
    Arctic Ocean (ports are frozen much of the year)
  • UK is an island country with a mild climate and
    many ports accessible all year round

32
Comparing UK Russia
  • Natural Resources
  • Both have fossil fuels, like coal oil
  • UKs are dwindling, but much of Russias coal and
    oil is untouchable because of the climate size
    of the country
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