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The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple

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The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple The Present Perfect The present perfect simple has a basic correspondence with the Spanish pret rito perfecto , but there ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple


1
The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple
The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple
2
The Present Perfect
  • The present perfect simple has a basic
    correspondence with the Spanish pretérito
    perfecto, but there is not an exact equivalence,
    because Spanish uses the pretérito perfecto for
    past actions where English would use the simple
    past (indefinido) Lo has visto? is usually
    translated into English as Did you see him?

3
The Present Perfect
  • The present perfect simple is used in the
    following situations
  • When there is a connection with the present. The
    action in the past has a result now Ive lost my
    key (I havent got it now).
  • For completed actions where no time is given
    Weve bought a new house.
  • To give new information or to announce recent
    happenings Ow! Ive burnt myself.

4
The Present Perfect
  • With the adverbs just, already, yet, ever/never.
  • Just is used when something finished a short
    time ago Would you like something to eat? No,
    thanks, Ive just had lunch.
  • Already is used when something has happened
    sooner than expected When is he going to start
    his new job? He has already started.
  • Yet means until now, that is, the speaker is
    expecting something to happen Has it stopped
    raining yet? No, its still raining.
  • Ever/never Have you ever eaten in a Chinese
    restaurant? No, Ive never eaten in one.

5
The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple
  • With the expression Its /This is the
    first/second time he has driven a car, which is
    the same as He has never driven a car before.
    Whereas we use the simple past with Its two
    years since I (last) saw you, which is similar to
    I havent seen you for two years.
  • With the interrogative words How long? How long
    have you lived here? Although it can also be used
    with the past simple tense How long is it since
    you last saw him?

6
The Present Perfect
  • With adverbs of time that refer to a present
    situation such as, today, this morning, recently,
    in the last few days, so far, that is, periods of
    time not finished at the time of speaking.
  • After a superlative form This is the most
    interesting book (that) I have ever read.

7
The Present Perfect
  • In subordinate clauses when the verb in the main
    clause is in the future Ill start studying as
    soon as Ive had dinner.
  • With the prepositions for and since to say how
    long something has been happening
  • She has lived in New York for two years.
  • She has stayed here since 8 oclock.
  • See that when we use all morning, all week, all
    my life the preposition for is not used She has
    worked in the same company all her life.

8
The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple
  • The present perfect is not used when we are
    talking about a finished time in the past
    (yesterday, two years ago, when I was a child).
    Compare
  • Tom has lost his key (it expresses a present
    result of the action, which means that Tom is
    without his key now).
  • Tom lost his key (it is an action in the past, we
    dont know if he is without his key).

9
The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple
  • In conclusion, the difference between the simple
    past and the present perfect is mainly one of
    aspect. If we use the simple past, the action is
    regarded as over, situated in the past, whereas
    with the present perfect, the action is seen as
    being related in some way to the present
  • I saw him this morning (the morning has ended).
  • Ive seen him this morning (the morning hasnt
    ended yet).

10
The Present Perfect vs The Past Simple
Thanks for your attention
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