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Review of Past Tense

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Review of Past Tense Use of past tense We use the simple past tense to talk or write about things that finished. I opened the door. You moved to Lake county. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Review of Past Tense


1
Review of Past Tense
2
Use of past tense
  • We use the simple past tense to talk or write
    about things that finished.
  • I opened the door.
  • You moved to Lake county.
  • They started an English class.
  • She worked 3rd shift.

3
Use of the past tense and time words
  • We can use words that describe the time with past
    tense.
  • I opened the door at 700.
  • You moved to Lake county after you arrived in the
    United States.
  • They started an English class more than a month
    ago.
  • She worked 3rd shift before class.

4
Forming the Past Tense in Statements Regular
Verbs
  • To make past tense for most verbs, add d or ed
    to the base form of the verb. (Base form form
    that we find in the dictionary, like most present
    tense forms.)
  • Some verbs have spelling changes. (Many grammar
    books and dictionaries have past tense spelling
    rules.)
  • open ? opened
  • move ? moved
  • arrive ? arrived
  • start ? started
  • work? worked
  • study ? studied

5
Pronunciation of Past Tense Regular Verbs
  • Sometimes ed or d sounds like /t/, sometimes
    like /d/ and sometimes like /Id/
  • If the base form sound ends with --
  • t or d, the past tense sounds like /Id/ started
  • p, k, f, s, sh, ch, the past tense sounds like
    /t/ worked
  • other sounds, the past tense sounds like /d/
    lived, opened, arrived, played

6
Forming the Past Tense in Statements Irregular
Verbs
  • Some verbs have a different form for past tense.
  • They dont have a past tense of base form -d or
    ed. We use some of these verbs often. We need to
    memorize them.
  • do ? did
  • be ? was/were
  • have ? had
  • go ? went
  • say ? said

7
Forming the Past Tense in Negative Statements
  • To make a verb negative in past tense, AND the
    verb is NOT be, we use did not the base form
    of the verb.
  • did not ? didnt
  • I did not open the door yesterday.
  • She didnt work on Saturday.

8
Forming the Past Tense in Negative Statements Be
  • To make a be verb negative in past tense, we use
    was or were not.
  • was not ? wasnt
  • were not ? werent
  • I was not at CLC on Friday.
  • You were not at CLC on Saturday.
  • She wasnt at CLC on Sunday, and they werent
    here, either.

9
Forming Questions in Past Tense
  • To make a question in past tense when the verb is
    NOT be, we use did the base form of the verb.
  • Did you work in the morning last year?
  • When did Anna come to the United States?
  • How did they get a visa?

10
Forming Questions in Past Tense Be
  • To make a question in past tense when the verb is
    be, we move was or were in front of the subject.
  • Were you at CLC last semester?
  • Where was Mary Beth last week?
  • Why were they outside?

11
Exception Forming Questions in Past Tense about
the Subject
  • When our question is about the subject of the
    sentence, we use who or what and the past tense
    form of the verb.
  • Who was born in Honduras?
  • What computer got a virus?
  • Who saw the Olympics on TV?

12
Past Tense
  • Did you try it?
  • I tried it.
  • Did you like it?
  • I liked it.
  • Did you get it?
  • I got it.
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