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Vypracovala: Mgr. Silvie Reitharov

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Some views from the US history Vypracovala: Mgr. Silvie Reitharov Discovering America for the Europeans Who and when discovered America for the Europeans? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Vypracovala: Mgr. Silvie Reitharov


1
.
Some views from the US history
  • Vypracovala Mgr. Silvie Reitharová

2
Discovering America for the Europeans
  • Who and when discovered America for the
    Europeans?
  • Christopher Columbus
  • in 1492

3
First English Settlements in North America
  • During the 16th century the first English
    speaking settlers came to America
  • There were also a lot of other nations coming to
    the New World
  • The most famous English speaking group came in
    1620
  • They are called Pilgrim Fathers

4
Pilgrim Fathers
May Flower
Pilgrim Fathers were English who had to leave
England for their faith They escaped to Holland
where the King gave them a ship called May
Flower Their arrival to America is celebrated
every year on the fourth Thursday in November as
the Thanksgiving Day
5
The War of Independence - the reasons
  • During 16th and 17th centuries a lot of new
    people came to North America
  • most of the places where they settled were the
    colonies of Great Britain
  • so the people were colonists - it means
    they were not free, not independent

Some people living in America didnt like the
situation They didnt like English kings,
English laws and especially new and new taxes
they had to pay for the goods such as newspapers,
sugar, coffee, textiles, and also tea
6
The War of Independence- the beginnings
  • The people who wanted to be independent didnt
    want English King George III to rule them any
    more
  • They slowly started a revolution that grew to a
    war
  • One of the most famous events from the beginning
    of the revolution is Boston Tea Party
  • On December 16, 1773 a group of Americans worn in
    costumes to look like Indians attacked ships in
    Boston port and threw 342 cases of tea into the
    sea
  • I hope that King George likes salt in his tea


7
The War of Independence 1775-1783
8
American Civil War 1861-1865
The reasons - the differences between the North
and the South
  • The South people grew cotton and tobacco
    plants that need plenty of people to be grown .
  • But in America there werent so many people
    where to take them?
  • The Europeans brought black slaves from Africa
    to make them work in their fields.
  • The southern economical system, life style and
    way of thinking were based on slavery. It is like
    a feudalism.

The North people grew corn, fruits, vegetables
food. People didnt need slaves to plant it.
New industry came to the country. The economical
system, life style and way of thinking were more
like in Europe A lot of new ideas, inventions and
changes appeared. It is capitalism.
9
American Civil War 1861-1865
Southern states were against Lincoln At the end
of 1860 South Carolina voted to SECEDE from the
USA. It was soon joined by TEN more Southern
States. They announced to be independent - The
Confederated States of America and elected their
own president Jefferson Davis
10
American Civil War 1861-1865
11
American Civil Warthe end
A cruel war in which two brothers, a
brother with a father or two friends were often
made fight against each other
Nearly 650 000 died on both sides
On April 9, 1865 the Northern General Grant met
Southern General Lee who surrendered his army
Just a few days after the end of the war
president Lincoln was assassinated in Ford
Theatre in Washington D.C.
In 1865 slavery was abolished everywhere in the
USA but the real emancipation of the Blacks came
much much later. In fact it started after 1960.
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