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Early Government


Early Government Democratic Roots Athens and Rome Athens: Republic: Leaders elected by male citizens (US:_____) Direct democracy: All male citizens ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Government

Early Government
  • Democratic Roots

Athens and Rome
  • Athens
  • Republic Leaders elected by male citizens
  • Direct democracy All male citizens were members
    of the legislative branch called the Assembly
    (US Legislative branch _______)
  • Jury System male citizens were chosen in large
    numbers by lot to serve as jurors to try cases
  • Salaries for Public Officials enabled poor
    citizens to take part in government service
    (could leave their jobs)

Athens and Rome
  • Rome
  • Veto elected leaders could veto (______) laws
    passed by the government (checks and balances)
  • Representative democracy Citizens chose other
    citizens to represent them in the govt
  • Roman Law (Codified Law) by writing laws down
    (all areas of society) in a orderly manner, all
    citizens can know them
  • Consistent but flexible, and impartial

  • 17th and 18th Century produced a new way of
    thinking/new philosophies on life and govt
  • John Locke natural rights (life, liberty, and
    property) govt gets its power from the people
    (social contract) govt could be changed if it
    doesnt meet the peoples need

  • Voltaire Natural rights and religious freedom
  • Montesquieu Govt should have limits separation
    of powers (3 branches Legislative, Executive,
  • Rousseau people give the govt its power

Democracies/Republics in the New World
  • Virginia House of Burgesses started in 1619
  • 1st such assembly in America
  • Legislative body elected by the people
  • Meet once a year in Jamestown
  • Elected body was called burgesses

Democracies/Republics in the New World
  • Mayflower Compact
  • Signed by males on the Mayflower
  • Needed organization before Pilgrims formed
  • Set up a govt structure

American Revolution
  • Events leading towards war
  • Taxes and Acts
  • Sugar Act
  • Stamp Act (No Taxation without Representation)
  • Townsend Act
  • Boston Massacre
  • Tea Act (Boston Tea Party)
  • Intolerable Acts (took away local govt)

American Revolution
  • Declaring War
  • First Continental Congress (1974) met in Philly
    to agree to fight for American rights and liberty
    for the colonies
  • Patrick Henry ..give me liberty or give me
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • 1- Reasons for Separation (win public
    support/propaganda against the king)
  • 2- Theory of Govt (unalienable rights and
    natural rights/ govt protects these rights and
    gets its power from the people)
  • 3- Declaration of War

American Revolution
  • Declaration cont.
  • July 2, 1776 gt 2nd Continental Congress met to
    vote on Declaration
  • Debated Jeffersons document (Jefferson almost
    left the convention)
  • July 4, 1776 gt ratification of Declaration with
    some changes
  • 12-0 (New York makes it 13-0 on July 15)
  • August 2, 1776 gt signing of the Declaration
  • we all must hang together or we shall hang
    separately -Ben Franklin

Battles of the Revolution
  • Lexington and Concord (1775) gt British march to
    destroy Patriots supply of ammunition gt Paul
    Reveres ride gt shot heard round the world

Battles of the Revolution
  • Trenton and Princeton (1777) gt Washington crosses
    Delaware River to surprise Redcoats gt British
    withdraw from western New Jersey

  • Saratoga (1777) gt turning point of the Revolution
    gt patriots stop two offensives by British gt were
    outnumberedgt counterattack and force British army
    to surrender
  • Yorktown (1781) gt official surrender of British
    army ending Revolution
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