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Describes the Causes of the American Revolution

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Title: Describes the Causes of the American Revolution Author: DAWN DONEGAN Last modified by: Shawnee Mission Schools Created Date: 2/17/2008 2:53:36 AM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Describes the Causes of the American Revolution


1
Causes of the American Revolution
Proclamation of 1763, Intolerable Acts Stamp
Act, taxation without representation
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2
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation is an announcement.
  • Great Britain gained
  • the French territory in
  • North America
  • after the end of the
  • French Indian War
  • (Seven Years War).

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-era-1763-75.png
3
  • The Proclamation prevented colonists of the
  • thirteen colonies from settling or buying
  • land west of the Appalachian Mountains.

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4
The colonists were angry because many already had
land in that area.
  • .

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onists.jpg
5
The Proclamation gave the King a monopoly in land
bought from Native Americans.
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6
  • King Georges
  • reason for the
  • proclamation
  • was to create
  • Britain's
  • huge, new
  • North American
  • empire.

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I.jpg
7
King George III also wanted to calm the
relationship with Native Americans.
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8

He did this by creating guidelines of trade,
settlement, and land purchases on the western
frontier.
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men.jpg
9
  • King George III
  • issued this
  • public statement
  • on October 7, 1763.

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10
Intolerable Acts
  • A series of British actions passed in 1774.

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Also nicknamed the Coercive Acts.
11
Why were they passed?
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  • It was designed to punish the Massachusetts
  • colonists for the Boston Tea Party.

12
Laws
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  • One of the laws closed the port of Boston until
    the colonists paid for the tea that they had
    destroyed.

13
Outcome
  • Although the acts were intended to check
  • the colonists conflict with Britain, they only
  • inflamed the situation.

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14
Stamp Acts
  • A law passed by the British government in 1765.
  • It required a tax payment to Britain
  • on a variety of papers and documents,
  • (including newspapers) that were produced
  • in the American colonies.

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15
Why?
  • It was a way for King George
  • to control
  • the colonists
  • and punish them for leaving Britain.

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16
  • Special stamps were to be attached
  • to the papers and documents
  • as proof that the tax had been paid.

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17
  • The stamp tax was the first direct tax ever
    levied by Britain on the Americans,
  • who rioted in opposition.

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18
The American colonists petitioned King George
III to cancel the act, which he did in 1766.
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19
Taxation without Representation
  • A phrase, generally attributed to James Otis
    about 1761.

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20
  • Colonists were angry because they were being
    taxed by a British parliament.

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21
Taxation without representation is tyranny.

-James Otis
  • The colonists didnt think it was fair that they
    were taxed and had no representative in England
    to represent their point of view.
  • Tyranny is dictatorship or cruelty to a group of
    people.

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