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Teaching Grammar Communicatively TEFL Workshop Marla Yoshida UCI Extension

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Teaching grammar is like teaching someone to play tennis. To teach grammar well, we have to A good grammar lesson is like a good meal. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teaching Grammar Communicatively TEFL Workshop Marla Yoshida UCI Extension


1
Teaching Grammar Communicatively TEFL
Workshop Marla Yoshida UCI Extension
International Programs http//teachesl.pbworks.co
m
2
Review What does CLT mean?
  • We teach lessons that are student-centered.
  • We create opportuniities to use English actively.
  • We create context for language use.
  • We use scaffolding techniques to help students
    understand.
  • We help students reach beyond their comfort
    zone--to stretch their abilities and sometimes
    make mistakes.
  • We speak English as much as possible.

3
Doesnt CLT mean that we shouldnt teach grammar?
  • No! Grammar and CLT can go hand-in-hand. We can
    each grammar effectively using a common-sense
    communicative framework.

4
How do students learn grammar?
  • Input
  • Output
  • Quantity
  • Quality

5
Teaching grammar is like teaching someone to play
tennis.
6
To teach grammar well, we have to
  • Get students to notice the new grammar and how it
    works. (Input)
  • Give students lots of high-quality practice until
    they can use the grammar well. (Output)

7
A good grammar lesson is like a good meal.
Introduction of the new grammar
Games (not too many)
Practice activities (lots of them!)
8
We need to keep the parts of the meal in good
proportion.
9
Effective sequence for teaching grammar
  • Introduce the new grammar
  • Show the meaning and use of the form.
  • Keep explanations simple, clear, and brief.
  • Practice the new grammar
  • Group guided practice as a class
  • Guided practice activities
  • Less guided practice activities
  • Independent practice activities
  • (Games)

10
Introducing a new grammar point.
  • When you explain grammar in English, it should
    not be just a translation of what you would say
    in your native language.
  • Use less metalanguage.
  • Show, dont just tell.

11
Dont explain too much at one time.
Cognitive overload! L
12
Many ways to introduce grammar
  • Listen and do, act it out, mime, show the
    meaning.
  • Use pictures or real objects.
  • Use dialogs, tell stories, or talk about an
    imaginary situation.
  • Explain the rule simply, clearly, and briefly.
    Dont get carried away!

13
Ways to practice grammar
  • Use plenty of guided practice.
  • Emphasize productive practice.
  • Create context.
  • Practice makes perfect!

14
In summary
  • To teach grammar well, we need to make students
    notice the grammar and practice it well.
  • Keep your grammar meal in proportion

15
Lingua Latina
Ambulo. Ambulamus. Puella
ambulat. Puer ambulat.
puella puer
16
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